Publications


  • 20-avril-2009

    Français

    Maladie, invalidité et travail : surmonter les obstacles (Vol. 3) - Danemark, Finlande, Irlande et Pays-Bas

    Trop de travailleurs quittent pour toujours le marché du travail pour raison de santé. Et trop de personnes affectées d’un handicap se voient refuser la possibilité de travailler. Ce troisième rapport dans la série Maladie, invalidité et travail analyse les facteurs qui pourraient expliquer ce paradoxe. Il examine particulièrement des cas au Danemark, en Finlande, Irlande et au Pays-Bas et met en lumière le rôle des institutions et des politiques. L'ouvrage recommande un éventail de réformes susceptibles de répondre aux défis auxquels ces quatre pays font face.
  • 14-April-2009

    English

    Coherence for Health - Innovation for New Medicines for Infectious Diseases

    In developing countries, 6 out of 10 people die from infectious diseases. Nearly 1 billion humans suffer from a neglected infectious disease, according to the World Health Organisation. Yet less than 1% of the new drugs placed on the market from 1975 to the turn of the century were developed for these diseases. This book looks at ways of improving the availability of medicines for infectious diseases through strengthened coherence in health, trade, science and technology, development co-operation and finance.
  • 7-April-2009

    English

    Considering Timescales in the Post-closure Safety of Geological Disposal of Radioactive Waste

    A key challenge in the development of safety cases for the deep geological disposal of radioactive waste is handling the long time frame over which the radioactive waste remains hazardous. The intrinsic hazard of the waste decreases with time, but some hazard remains for extremely long periods. This report reviews the current status and ongoing discussions of this issue, addressing such issues as ethical principles, the evolution of the hazard over time, uncertainties in the evolution of the disposal system (and how these uncertainties themselves evolve), the stability and predictability of the geological environment, repository planning and implementation including regulatory requirements, siting decisions, repository design, the development and presentation of safety cases and the planning of pre- and post-closure institutional controls such as monitoring requirements.

  • 1-April-2009

    English

    Intermodal Transport - National Peer Review: Turkey

    Turkey’s continuing economic expansion depends on the diversification of its transport modes and especially on the development of efficient multimodal services. Its role as a hub for Europe, Asia, and the Middle East and as a facilitator of global exchange will be enhanced with a strategy and measures to support a range of intermodal logistic and transport services. This work analyses the current situation and sets forth some of the actions and policies needed to stimulate the development of a truly multimodal transport system.
  • 20-March-2009

    English

    Energy Policies of IEA Countries: Luxembourg 2008

    The Inernational Energy Agency's periodic review of Luxembourg's energy policies and programmes.  It analyses the energy challenges facing Luxembourg and provides critiques and recommendations for further policy improvements.

    Since the last review in 2004, Luxembourg has reformed its energy policies across all sectors, has fully liberalised its electricity and natural gas markets, and is actively participating in the development of the evolving Central West European regional electricity system. Luxembourg has also prepared a broad action plan on energy efficiency, improved the support system for renewable energy sources and revised taxes to mitigate climate change.

    The country’s energy policy in the coming decade will be shaped by the EU 2020 targets that call for substantial reductions in greenhouse gas emissions, and strong increases in renewable energy and energy efficiency. These targets will be hard to meet, given that roughly half of energy-related CO2 emissions come from transport fuel use by foreign truckers and motorists, and that Luxembourg’s potential for producing much more renewable energy is limited.

    Luxembourg is heavily dependent on oil. Although oil sources are well diversified by country of origin, more than 85% of oil stocks are held in neighbouring countries and often based on short-term leasing contracts. This leaves the country vulnerable to potential oil supply disruptions. Luxembourg should swiftly implement a plan to improve the security of oil supply.

     

  • 19-March-2009

    English

    Globalisation and Emerging Economies - Brazil, Russia, India, Indonesia, China and South Africa

    OECD countries still dominate the world economy, but their share of world trade dropped from 73% in 1992 to 64% in 2005, and some of the world’s most important economies are not members of the OECD. Foremost among these are the so-called BRIICS: Brazil, Russia, India, Indonesia, China and South Africa.

    This book analyses key elements of the trade performance of the BRIICS in relation to the rest of the world, focusing on trade and other policies influencing that performance. Developments in global trade policy are reviewed, notably the impact of preferential trade agreements on the multilateral system and patterns of world trade are described using both indices that reveal networks of trading relations and more standard modeling results.

    As well as the global analysis, the book also presents a separate chapter for each of the BRIICS, examining the key development and trade issues in each of the six countries over the past few years.

  • 11-mars-2009

    Français

    Concurrence entre les ports et les liaisons terrestres avec l'arrière-pays

    Cette publication de la série Tables Rondes examine les défis stratégiques et réglementaires que pose l’évolution rapide de l’environnement portuaire. L’innovation technologique et organisationnelle, ainsi qu’une très forte expansion des échanges, ont en effet radicalement transformé le secteur portuaire au cours des dernières décennies. Bien que les ports desservent aujourd’hui des arrière-pays qui s’étendent profondément à l’intérieur des continents, la concurrence interportuaire ne cesse de s’intensifier, affaiblissant le pouvoir de négociation des ports dans la chaîne logistique. L’accroissement du débit portuaire se heurte à une résistance de plus en plus forte des collectivités locales en raison de la pollution et de la congestion qu’il entraîne. La réglementation locale est justifiée, mais sa mise en œuvre est compliquée par la répartition du pouvoir de négociation entre les parties prenantes. Des autorités d’un niveau plus élevé seraient en mesure de formuler des politiques plus efficaces.
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  • 6-mars-2009

    Français

    Les enjeux régionaux des migrations ouest-africaines - Perspectives africaines et européennes

    Cet ouvrage présente des réflexions d’experts internationaux sur les dynamiques migratoires ouest-africaines. Celles-ci apportent un regard nouveau, une approche autre qu’institutionnelle, aux débats actuels essentiellement centrés sur la dimension sécuritaire. Tout en prônant un dialogue plus régulier basé sur une analyse raisonnée des réalités, elles mettent en avant le concept gagnant-gagnant d'une mobilité pour chacune des parties (Europe, Afrique du Nord et Afrique de l'Ouest), quel que soit leur statut, d'accueil, de transit ou de départ.

  • 6-mars-2009

    Français

    Réduction de la capacité de pêche - Bonnes pratiques en matière de plans de sortie de flotte

    Trop de bateaux de pêches à la poursuite de poissons devenus trop rares, c’est là le problème auquel sont confrontés de manière persistante de nombreux pays. Pour corriger ce déséquilibre les états ont souvent recours à des programmes de sortie de flotte afin d’adapter la capacité de pêche aux ressources halieutiques. Ce rapport propose les meilleurs moyens de concevoir et de mettre en œuvre ces plans de sortie de flotte. S’inspirant d’études de cas réalisées par les pays de l’OCDE et les pays tiers, il soumet aux gouvernants et aux gestionnaires des pêcheries une analyse détaillée des considérations économiques associés à ces plans.
  • 4-March-2009

    English

    Natural Tracer Profiles Across Argillaceous Formations - The CLAYTRAC Project

    This technical report describes the results of the Nuclear Energy Agency's CLAYTRAC project, in which natural tracer data from nine sites was evaluated to assess potential impacts of disposal of radiological waste in geological repositories. It shows scientific information from numerous sites and applies robust analytical methods to improve the understanding of radionuclide migration and evolution of sites for deep geological disposal. These results improve the understanding of sites, and thus the confidence in safety, for geological disposal of radioactive waste.
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