Publications


  • 23-June-2011

    English

    Geothermal Heat and Power

    The technology roadmap for Geothermal Heat and Power offers a strategic plan to maximise deployment of these energy resources by 2050. It projects that 1 400 TWh of electricity per year could come from geothermal power by 2050, up from 67 TWh at present.

    Additionally, geothermal heat (not including ground-source heat pump technology) could contribute 5.8 EJ (1600 TWh) annually by 2050. In order to reach these targets, policy makers, local authorities and utilities need to be more aware of the variety of geothermal resources available and of their possible applications. This roadmap describes the technological, economic and non-economic barriers facing geothermal deployment, and the steps stakeholders must take to overcome them.

  • 23-June-2011

    English

    Biofuels for Transport

    Biofuels could provide up to 27% of total transport fuel worldwide by 2050. The use of transport fuels from biomass, when produced sustainably, can help cut petroleum use and reduce CO2 emissions in the transport sector, especially in heavy transport. Sustainable biofuel technologies, in particular advanced biofuels, will play an important role in achieving this roadmap vision.

    The roadmap describes the steps necessary to realise this ambitious biofuels target; identifies key actions by different stakeholders, and the role for government policy to adopt measures needed to ensure the sustainable expansion of both conventional and advanced biofuel production.

  • 23-June-2011

    English

    The Supply of Medical Radioisotopes - The Path to Reliability

    The reliable supply of molybdenum-99 (99Mo) and its decay product, technetium-99m (99mTc), is a vital component of modern medical diagnostic practices. Disruptions in the supply chain of these radioisotopes can delay or prevent important medical testing services. Unfortunately, supply reliability has declined over the past decade, due to unexpected or extended shutdowns at the few ageing, 99Mo-producing, research reactors and processing facilities. These shutdowns have recently created global supply shortages.

    This report provides the findings and analysis of two years of extensive examination of the 99Mo/99mTc supply chain by the OECD/NEA High-level Group on the Security of Supply of Medical Radioisotopes (HLG-MR). It puts forth a comprehensive policy approach that would help ensure long-term supply security of 99Mo/99mTc, detailing the essential steps to be taken by governments, industry and the health community to address the vulnerabilities of the supply chain, including its economic structure.

  • 23-June-2011

    English

    Energy-efficient Buildings - Heating and Cooling Equipment

    Buildings account for almost a third of final energy consumption globally and are an equally important source of CO2 emissions. Currently, both space heating and cooling as well as hot water are estimated to account for roughly half of global energy consumption in buildings. Energy-efficient and low/zero-carbon heating and cooling technologies for buildings have the potential to reduce CO2 emissions by up to 2 gigatonnes (Gt) and save 710 million tonnes oil equivalent (Mtoe) of energy by 2050. Most of these technologies – which include solar thermal, combined heat and power (CHP), heat pumps and thermal energy storage – are commercially available today.

    The Energy-Efficient Buildings: Heating and Cooling Equipment Roadmap sets out a detailed pathway for the evolution and deployment of the key underlying technologies. It finds that urgent action is required if the building stock of the future is to consume less energy and result in lower CO2 emissions. The roadmap concludes with a set of near-term actions that stakeholders will need to take to achieve the roadmap’s vision.

  • 22-June-2011

    English

    Italy: Review of Issues and Policies

    This report sets out the main analysis and recommendations of the tourism policy review of Italy. It  assesses the current state of tourism performance in Italy, its framework conditions and business environment, the existing set of tourism policies and programmes, especially in the area of statistics, promotion and education and training.  The report presents a series of policy recommendations intended to support policy and programme development in Italy in order to develop and strengthen further the tourism sector and to provide inspiration to policy makers in other countries faced with similar challenges.  The report includes international learning models from  the United Kingdom, Canada, Spain and Switzerland.

  • 20-June-2011

    English

    Competitiveness and Private Sector Development: Republic of Moldova 2011 - Fostering SME Development

    This report reviews the micro, small and medium-sized business sector in the Republic of Moldova, as well as governmental policies related to small and medium-sized enterprises, particularly regarding financing and innovation. 
  • 15-juin-2011

    Français

    La sécurité d'approvisionnement énergétique et le rôle du nucléaire

    Quelle peut être la contribution du nucléaire à l’amélioration de la sécurité d’approvisionnement énergétique ? Cette étude, qui porte sur une sélection de pays membres de l’OCDE, confirme par une analyse qualitative et quantitative l’hypothèse souvent intuitive selon laquelle le nucléaire, en tant que source d’électricité en grande partie nationale à coûts stables et sans émissions de gaz à effet de serre lors de la production, aurait un effet positif à cet égard. Après une analyse du sens et du contexte de la sécurité d’approvisionnement, l’étude démontre, à l’aide d’indicateurs transparents et pertinents en termes de politique énergétique, que le nucléaire a largement contribué, en parallèle avec les économies d’énergie, à améliorer la sécurité d’approvisionnement énergétique dans les pays de l’OCDE au cours des 40 dernières années.
  • 6-June-2011

    English

    OECD Reviews of Innovation Policy: Russian Federation 2011

    The OECD Reviews of Innovation Policy: Russian Federation offers a comprehensive assessement of the innovation system of the Russian Federation, focusing on the role of government. It provides concrete recommendations on how to improve policies that affect innovation performance, including R&D policies. It also identifies good practice from which other countries can learn.

  • 1-juin-2011

    Français

    La Convention multilatérale concernant l'assistance administrative mutuelle en matière fiscale - Amendée par le Protocole de 2010

    La présente publication contient le texte officiel de la Convention multilatérale concernant l’assistance administrative mutuelle en matière fiscale telle qu’amendée par le Protocole de 2010. La Convention originale a été développée conjointement par le Conseil de l’Europe et l’OCDE et a été ouverte à la signature des États membres des deux organisations le 25 janvier 1988. La Convention originale a été amendée en 2010 pour l’aligner sur le standard international sur l’échange de renseignements à des fins fiscales et pour l’ouvrir à tous les pays, répondant à l’appel du G20 de faciliter l’accès aux bénéfices du nouvel environnement fiscal international à tous les pays. La Convention amendée est entrée en vigueur le 1er juin 2011.

    Cette Convention vise à aider les gouvernements à assurer le respect de leurs lois fiscales, fournit un cadre juridique pour la coopération entre les pays pour lutter contre l’évasion et la fraude fiscales internationales. Elle offre une variété d’outils pour la coopération administrative en matière fiscale, fournissant toutes formes d’échange de renseignements, l’assistance au recouvrement et la notification de documents. Elle facilite aussi les contrôles conjoints et le partage d’informations pour lutter contre d’autres délits graves (par exemple le blanchiment et la corruption) lorsque certaines conditions sont remplies. Elle préserve les droits des contribuables, fournit de larges garanties pour protéger la confidentialité des renseignements échangés, en particulier en ce qui concerne les données personnelles. Le fonctionnement de cette Convention multilatérale autonome est supervisé par un organe de coordination formé des Parties à la Convention.

  • 1-June-2011

    English

    A Framework for Growth and Social Cohesion in Korea

    Drawing on the OECD’s expertise in comparing country experiences and identifying best practices, the Better Policies series tailors the OECD’s policy advice to the specific and timely priorities of member and partner countries, focusing on how governments can make reform happen.

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