Publications


  • 3-November-2017

    English

    The Governance of Land Use in the Czech Republic - The Case of Prague

    Prague is a vibrant and growing city facing significant land-use pressures related to rapid peri-urban growth. This report examines land use and governance trends in Prague and the broader metropolitan area, including the formal elements of the planning system and broader governance arrangements such as rural-urban partnerships. It provides a number of recommendations to ensure the sustainable development of regional transportation and infrastructure, affordable housing and quality public amenities.

  • 2-November-2017

    English

    Better Use of Skills in the Workplace - Why It Matters for Productivity and Local Jobs

    This joint OECD-ILO report provides a comparative analysis of case studies focusing on improving skills use in the workplace across eight countries. The examples provide insights into the practical ways in which employers interact with government services and policies at the local level. They highlight the need to build policy coherence across employment, skills, economic development and innovation policies, and underline the importance of ensuring that skills utilisation is built into policy development thinking and implementation.

    Skills utilisation concerns the extent to which skills are effectively applied in the workplace to maximise workplace and individual performance. It involves a mix of policies including work organisation, job design, technology adaptation, innovation, employee-employer relations, human resource development practices and business-product market strategies. It is often at the local level that the interface of these factors can best be addressed.

  • 31-octobre-2017

    Français

    Coopération pour le développement 2017 - Données et développement

    L’édition 2017 du rapport Coopération pour le développement a pour thème « Données et développement ». Les « données massives » et l’« internet des objets » sont bien plus que de simples expressions à la mode : la révolution des données transforme le mode de fonctionnement des économies et des sociétés dans le monde entier. Les Objectifs de développement durable conjugués à la révolution des données offrent de nouvelles opportunités : des données plus nombreuses et de meilleure qualité peuvent contribuer à encourager une croissance inclusive, à combattre les inégalités et à lutter contre le changement climatique. Ces données sont également cruciales pour mesurer et suivre les progrès réalisés au regard des Objectifs de développement durable.

    Il est incontestable que ces données sont fondamentales pour faciliter le développement. Cependant, on continue d’observer des carences inquiétantes au niveau des données de base concernant la population et l'environnement, ainsi qu’une faible capacité des pays en développement à produire les données dont les responsables de l’action gouvernementale ont besoin pour produire des résultats concrets, visibles et durables dans le domaine du développement. Parallèlement, l'investissement dans le renforcement des capacités statistiques – qui représentait environ 0.30 % de l’APD en 2015 – ne constitue pas une priorité pour la plupart des fournisseurs d’aide au développement.

    Un leadership politique fort, davantage d’investissements et une action plus collective sont nécessaires si l’on veut remédier à la "fracture des données" qui fait obstacle au développement. Avec l’avènement de la révolution technologique, les pays en développement et les donneurs ont une chance unique d’agir pour stimuler la production de données et leur utilisation au profit des citoyens. Ce rapport propose des actions prioritaires et recense les bonnes pratiques qui aideront les responsables de l’action publique et les fournisseurs d’aide au développement à combler la fracture mondiale des données, en particulier par le renforcement des systèmes statistiques dans les pays en développement. En un mot : de meilleures données pour des meilleures politiques, et une vie meilleure.

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  • 27-October-2017

    English

    Assessing the Impact of Digital Government in Colombia - Towards a new methodology

    This review analyses the monitoring and evaluation system of Colombia's Online Government Strategy and provides recommendations for developing an impact assessment methodology for digital government. It looks at the background, evolution and current status of the Strategy, and draws insights from the first implementation of a transitional methodology. The findings will help Colombia build the tools and capacities needed to effectively and sustainably implement its digital government strategy.

  • 27-October-2017

    English

    OECD Integrity Review of Colombia - Investing in Integrity for Peace and Prosperity

    Integrity is crucial in order to ensure sustainable peace in Colombia. This report provides a focused analysis of Colombia’s integrity system, addressing existing gaps and elaborating policy recommendations on how to build a coherent public integrity system. The review pays special attention to improving co-ordination at the national level and with the regions, cultivating a culture of integrity in the public administration, and enabling effective accountability through internal control and risk management. It emphasises the priority of mainstreaming integrity policies in the processes and sectors related to the implementation of the Peace Agreement to prevent corruption and to contribute to the inclusive and sustainable development of the country.

  • 27-October-2017

    English

    Computers and the Future of Skill Demand

    Computer scientists are working on reproducing all human skills using artificial intelligence, machine learning and robotics. Unsurprisingly then, many people worry that these advances will dramatically change work skills in the years ahead and perhaps leave many workers unemployable.

    This report develops a new approach to understanding these computer capabilities by using a test based on the OECD’s Survey of Adult Skills (PIAAC) to compare computers with human workers. The test assesses three skills that are widely used at work and are an important focus of education: literacy, numeracy and problem solving with computers.

    Most workers in OECD countries use the three skills every day. However, computers are close to reproducing these skills at the proficiency level of most adults in the workforce. Only 13% of workers now use these skills on a daily basis with a proficiency that is clearly higher than computers.

    The findings raise troubling questions about whether most workers will be able to acquire the skills they need as these new computer capabilities are increasingly used over the next few decades. To answer those questions, the report’s approach could be extended across the full range of work skills. We need to know how computers and people compare across all skills to develop successful policies for work and education for the future.

  • 27-octobre-2017

    Français

    Comptes nationaux des pays de l'OCDE - Volume 2017 Issue 2

    Les Comptes nationaux des pays de l'OCDE, Tableaux Détaillés fournissent, en plus des principaux agrégats, des comptes nationaux détaillés pour les dépenses de consommation finale des ménages par fonction, les comptes simplifiés des trois principaux secteurs : administrations publiques, sociétés et ménages. Les données sont montrées pour 35 pays de l'OCDE et la Zone euro depuis 2007. Les données sont exprimées en monnaie nationale. Les données sont basées sur le Système de Comptabilité Nationale de 2008 (SCN 2008) pour tous les pays.

    Cette publication est également disponible sous forme de base de données en ligne qui permet aux utilisateurs d’extraire des données et de construire des tableaux et graphiques. Elle est disponible via www.oecd-ilibrary.org sous le titre Statistiques de l'OCDE sur les comptes nationaux (http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/na-data-fr).

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  • 27-October-2017

    English

    Energy Access Outlook 2017 - From Poverty to Prosperity

    Energy is essential for humanity to develop and thrive. In 2015, the new Sustainable Development Goals, adopted by 193 countries, included for the first time a target to ensure affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy for all, underscoring a new level of political agreement on the importance of access to modern energy services. At the same time, the declining cost of decentralised renewables, increased access to affordable energyefficient appliances and the use of mobile platforms are changing the way we think about providing energy access. It is against this backdrop that the IEA produced this Special Report, part of its flagship World Energy Outlook (WEO) series.

    This report:

    • Expands and updates the WEO’s country-by-country electricity and clean cooking access database, and assesses the status for all developing countries, reviewing recent trends and policy efforts up to 2016.
    • Presents a global and regional electricity and clean cooking access outlook to 2030, with a dedicated chapter on sub-Saharan Africa.
    • Provides a pathway for achieving access to modern energy for all by 2030, identifying policy priorities, detailing investment needs, and the role that decentralised and on-grid solutions may play.
    • Analyses how energy development can unleash economic growth in sectors such as agriculture, and explores how energy access intersects with other issues such as gender, health and climate change.
  • 27-October-2017

    English

    Southeast Asia Energy Outlook 2017

    The ten Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) countries are among the most dynamic parts of the global energy system and a rising force in international energy affairs. Thanks to its growing partnership with Southeast Asia, the International Energy Agency (IEA) has conducted regular in-depth studies of the energy challenges facing this region. This new report, which was prepared as part of the IEA’s flagship World Energy Outlook series, provides insights for policy makers, industry and other energy stakeholders to help address the energy sector challenges facing Southeast Asia today.

    The report highlights:

    • The state of play across the Southeast Asia’s energy sector, based on the latest data and announcements.
    • How today’s policies shape this region’s energy demand and supply outlook to 2040, and the implications for energy security, the environment and development.
    • The opportunities that broader changes in global markets and low-carbon technologies open up for Southeast Asia.
    • The investment required to improve efficiency and expand energy supply infrastructure, especially in the electricity sector.
    • The mix of fuels and technologies that can help Southeast Asia achieve universal electricity access.
    • An alternative pathway, the Sustainable Development Scenario, to meet energy security and environmental goals.
  • 26-October-2017

    English

    Supporting Entrepreneurship and Innovation in Higher Education in Poland

    This report presents evidence-based analysis on Poland’s higher education transformation process towards an innovative, interconnected and multidisciplinary entrepreneurial system, designed to empower its students and staff to demonstrate enterprise, innovation and creativity in teaching, research and societal engagement. Using the OECD-European Commission HEInnovate guidance for the entrepreneurial and innovative higher education institution, the report assesses strategies and practices for entrepreneurship and innovation in Poland’s higher education institutions and the systemic support provided by government.

    Higher education institutions play a critical role in Poland’s economy and innovation system, which is based on a strong and growing engagement agenda with industry and local communities, the emergence of new learning environments and strong multidisciplinary research teams. This report offers practical recommendations on how Poland can enhance and sustain the outcomes.

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