Publications


  • 21-September-2012

    English

    Challenges in Long-term Operation of Nuclear Power Plants - Implications for Regulatory Bodies

    This document contains a compilation of consensus guidance for approval of long-term operation of nuclear power plants. This guidance is presented as fundamental and key principles that should govern decisions on authorisation for long-term operation. These principles allow for differences in national regulatory strategies and expectations while ensuring that safe performance can be achieved in long-term operation.

  • 20-September-2012

    English

    Illegal Trade in Environmentally Sensitive Goods

    Illegal trade in environmentally sensitive goods, such as threatened wildlife, timber, hazardous waste, and ozone-depleting substances, has been a long-standing issue in the international trade and environment agenda.  The nature of such illegal trade makes it difficult to fully understand its extent and impact on the environment.  Developing effective policies to reduce illegal trade requires a clear understanding of what drives this trade and the circumstances under which it thrives.  In this report, evidence-based on customs data and information from licensing schemes is used to document the scale of illegal trade, as well as the economic and environmental impacts of such trade.  National and international policies have an important role to play in regulating  and reducing illegal trade and the report highlights a range of measures that can be taken at both levels.
  • 20-September-2012

    English

    Lobbyists, Governments and Public Trust, Volume 2 - Promoting Integrity through Self-regulation

    This second volume of OECD's study on lobbying examines regulation and self-regulation of lobbying. It includes chapters defining and examining lobbying, describing the role of professional lobbying associations, exploring various codes of conduct and examining specific codes in various countries, examining lobbyists' attitudes toward regulation and self-regulation, and exploring various options for enhancing transparency and accountability.

  • 15-September-2012

    English

    Mexico: Better Policies for Inclusive Development

    Drawing on the OECD’s expertise in comparing country experiences and identifying best practices, this book tailors the OECD’s policy advice to the specific and timely priorities of Mexico, focusing on how its government can make reform happen.

  • 15-September-2012

    English

    Italy: Reviving Growth and Productivity

    Drawing on the OECD’s expertise in comparing country experiences and identifying best practices, this book tailors the OECD’s policy advice to the specific and timely priorities of Italy, focusing on how its government can make reform happen.

  • 14-September-2012

    English

    Nuclear Fuel Safety Criteria Technical Review (Second Edition)

    Most of the current nuclear fuel safety criteria were established during the 1960s and early 1970s. Although these criteria were validated against experiments with fuel designs available at that time, a number of tests were based on unirradiated fuels. Additional verification was performed as these designs evolved, but mostly with the aim of showing that the new designs adequately complied with existing criteria, and not to establish new limits.

    In 1996, the OECD Nuclear Energy Agency (NEA) reviewed existing fuel safety criteria, focusing on new fuel and core designs, new cladding materials and industry manufacturing processes. The results were published in the Nuclear Fuel Safety Criteria Technical Review of 2001. The NEA has since re-examined the criteria. A brief description of each criterion and its rationale are presented in this second edition, which will be of interest to both regulators and industry (fuel vendors, utilities).

  • 12-septembre-2012

    Français

    Invention et transfert de technologies environnementales

    Mieux comprendre la relation entre action publique et innovation environnementale est indispensable pour concevoir des politiques environnementales écologiquement efficaces et économiquement efficientes. Or on ne dispose guère d’éléments concrets pour ce faire. Pour tenter de combler cette lacune, cette série de publications rassemble les résultats d’un certain nombre de projets entrepris par la Direction de l’environnement de l’OCDE et analyse le lien entre politique de l’environnement et innovation.

    Le présent ouvrage est une compilation d’études empiriques consacrées aux effets des politiques d’environnement sur la création et la diffusion d’innovations visant à réduire l’impact environnemental des modes de production et de consommation.
     

  • 4-September-2012

    English

    Mangoes

    This brochure is published within the framework of the Scheme for the Application of International Standards for Fruit and Vegetables established by OECD in 1962. It comprises explanatory notes and illustrations to facilitate the uniform interpretation of the current mango standard. This updated brochure illustrates the revised standard text on mangoes. It demonstrates the quality parameters on high quality photographs. Thus it is a valuable tool for the inspection authorities, professional bodies and traders interested in international trade in mangoes. The brochure is available in electronic format only.

  • 3-septembre-2012

    Français

    Évaluation des risques environnementaux pour la santé des enfants

    La réduction des risques environnementaux a-t-elle plus de valeur lorsqu’il s’agit d’enfants que lorsqu’il s’agit d’adultes ? Et si oui, quelles sont les conséquences pour l’action des pouvoirs publics ? Produit final du projet sur l’évaluation des impacts sur la santé liés à l’environnement (VERHI), ce rapport expose les résultats de nouveaux travaux de recherche consacrés à cette importante question de politique de l’environnement.

    Les auteurs présentent des estimations de la VVS (valeur d’une vie statistique) des enfants et des adultes qui sont produites sur la base de nouvelles approches méthodologiques de l’évaluation de la santé des enfants. Ces travaux se distinguent par la dimension internationale des enquêtes (réalisées en Italie, en République tchèque et au Royaume-Uni) et par un travail approfondi de mise au point.

    Les résultats du projet sont multiples : deux nouveaux instruments d’enquête reposant sur des approches méthodologiques différentes ; de nouvelles estimations de la VVS des adultes et des enfants ; une analyse des effets du contexte et d’autres facteurs sur les préférences en matière de risques ; des moyens originaux de présenter les risques, dont divers supports visuels ; et des enseignements qui permettent de dégager des pistes intéressantes en vue de nouvelles études.

  • 24-August-2012

    English

    Evaluation of Agri-environmental Policies - Selected Methodological Issues and Case Studies

    Governments are increasingly aware of the importance of monitoring and evaluating their policies − including agri-environmental policies − and are devoting efforts to strengthening their monitoring and evaluation systems and capacities. They aim to improve their performance by establishing evidence-based policy-making, evidence-based management and evidence-based accountability, which will help to improve the design and implementation of policies. Have agri-environmental and agricultural policies, including cross-compliance  and environmental regulations, succeeded in meeting environmental objectives for agriculture in OECD countries (and selected non-OECD countries)? What is the role for governments to encourage farmers to deliver environmental public goods? The report includes a selection papers presented at the OECD Workshop on Evaluation of Agri-environmental Policies, held 20-22 June 2011 in Braunschweig, Germany.
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