• 1-December-2011


    Solar Energy Perspectives

    In 90 minutes, enough sunlight strikes the earth to provide the entire planet's energy needs for one year. While solar energy is abundant, it represents a tiny fraction of the world’s current energy mix. But this is changing rapidly and is being driven by global action to improve energy access and supply security, and to mitigate climate change. 

    Around the world, countries and companies are investing in solar generation capacity on an unprecedented scale, and, as a consequence, costs continue to fall and technologies improve. This publication gives an authoritative view of these technologies and market trends, in both advanced and developing economies, while providing examples of the best and most advanced practices. It also provides a unique guide for policy makers, industry representatives and concerned stakeholders on how best to use, combine and successfully promote the major categories of solar energy: solar heating and cooling, photovoltaic and solar thermal electricity, as well as solar fuels.  

    Finally, in analysing the likely evolution of electricity and energy-consuming sectors – buildings, industry and transport – it explores the leading role solar energy could play in the long-term future of our energy system.

  • 30-novembre-2011


    Renforcer la productivité et la compétitivité dans le secteur agricole

    Ce rapport examine les concepts économiques d’innovation, de recherche-développement (R-D), de productivité et de compétitivité, et les liens existant entre eux. Il examine ensuite l’évolution de la productivité et de la compétitivité dans les secteurs agricole et agroalimentaires et les relations entre productivité agricole et la taille de l’exploitation, l’intensité des facteurs, la spécialisation, le capital humain, la demande des consommateurs, l’environnement naturel, les investissements en infrastructures générales et en R-D, les réglementations et les politiques agricoles. It décrit l’évolution des investissements publics et privés en R-D agricole et met en évidence leurs incidences positives sur la productivité de l’agriculture. Pour finir, il est suggéré qu’une approche en termes de « système d’innovation » permettrait de mieux comprendre comment l’innovation se traduit en croissance de la productivité.

    Also AvailableEgalement disponible(s)
  • 25-novembre-2011


    Alimentation et agriculture

    La Stratégie de l’OCDE pour une croissance verte vise à formuler des recommandations concrètes et à fournir des instruments de mesure, notamment des indicateurs, qui aideront les pays à engendrer la croissance économique et le développement, tout en veillant à ce que les actifs naturels continuent de fournir les ressources et les services environnementaux sur lesquels repose notre bien-être. La Stratégie propose un cadre d’action adaptable selon les spécificités nationales et le stade de développement des pays.

    Ce rapport étudie divers aspects de la croissance verte dans les secteurs de l’agriculture et de la pêche.

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  • 24-November-2011


    Deploying Renewables - Best and Future Policy Practice

    The global energy system faces urgent challenges. Concerns about energy security are growing, as highlighted by the recent political turmoil in Northern Africa and the nuclear incident in Fukushima. At the same time, the need to respond to climate change is more critical than ever. Against this background, many governments have increased efforts to promote deployment of renewable energy – low-carbon sources that can strengthen energy security. This has stimulated unprecedented rise in deployment, and renewables are now the fastest growing sector of the energy mix.

    This “coming of age” of renewable energy also brings challenges. Growth is focused on a few of the available technologies, and rapid deployment is confined to a relatively small number of countries. In more advanced markets, managing support costs and system integration of large shares of renewable energy in a time of economic weakness and budget austerity has sparked vigorous political debate.

    The IEA’s new report, Deploying Renewables 2011: Best and Future Policy Practice:

    ·         Provides a comprehensive review and analysis of renewable energy policy and market trends;

    ·         Analyses in detail the dynamics of deployment and provides best-practice policy principles for different stages of market maturity;

    ·         Assesses the impact and cost-effectiveness of support policies using new methodological tools and indicators;

    ·         Investigates the strategic reasons underpinning the pursuit of RE deployment by different countries and the prospects for globalisation of RE. 

    This new book builds on and extends a 2008 IEA publication, drawing on recent policy and deployment experience world-wide.  It provides guidance for policy makers and other stakeholders to avoid past mistakes, overcome new challenges and reap the benefits of deploying renewables – today and tomorrow.

  • 16-November-2011


    Thailand: Key Issues and Policies

    This book offers policy guidance to Thailand for fostering entrepreneurship and strengthening the performance of SMEs and their contribution to growth and development. It provides evidence-based analysis and policy recommendations on thematic issues such as access to finance for SMEs and entrepreneurs, SME participation in global markets, intellectual assets and innovation, high-growth SMEs and women’s entrepreneurship.
  • 14-novembre-2011


    Aide multilatérale 2010

    Plus de 200 donneurs multilatéraux reçoivent ou font transiter par leur intermédiaire 40 % de l’aide totale. Afin d’acheminer cette aide efficacement et de mieux coordonner leurs efforts, l'Aide multilatérale 2010 présente les tendances de l’aide multilatérale et l’utilisation totale (budgets centraux et contributions extrabudgétaires) du système multilatéral et se concentre sur les fonds d’affectation spéciale du Programme des Nations Unies pour le développement (PNUD) et de la Banque Mondiale. Ce rapport analyse les perspectives d’évolution – sous l’angle du développement – de l’architecture du financement de la lutte contre le changement climatique et donne une vue d’ensemble des réactions de la part des multilatéraux face à la crise financière et économique.

    Tandis que le Rapport sur la coopération pour le développement de l'OCDE offre des statistiques et des analyses incontournables concernant les évolutions les plus récentes intervenues sur la scène internationale de l’aide, le rapport sur l’Aide multilatérale se penche en particulier sur les évolutions de l’aide multilatérale.

    Also AvailableEgalement disponible(s)
  • 10-November-2011


    OECD Territorial Reviews: The Gauteng City-Region, South Africa 2011

    With 22% of the national population (11.2 million inhabitants), the Gauteng city-region is the largest and richest region in South Africa, contributing to one-third of national GDP. The area encompasses a series of connected cities, including Johannesburg and the national capital of Tshwane (formerly Pretoria), that function as a single, integrated region. Gauteng has been South Africa’s growth engine: for every additional 1% growth in population in the province, 1.6% is added to its contribution to national growth, implying higher productivity than in other parts of the country. Nevertheless, the city-region’s growth potential is constrained by deep socio-economic challenges, including high unemployment (26.9%) and low productivity growth. Its rapid demographic and economic development has also reinforced the spatial segregation instituted under apartheid.

    Against the backdrop of South Africa’s achievements since the fall of apartheid, this Review evaluates measures to position economic development policy and to confront economic inequality in Gauteng. The issues of adequate housing as a catalyst of economic development and a vehicle for socioeconomic integration, transport mobility and public service delivery are examined in detail. The Review also assesses the economic growth potential of the manufacturing and green sectors, as well as governance issues, focussing on the potential of intergovernmental collaboration in advancing a cross-cutting regional approach for Gauteng.  

  • 10-November-2011


    Health Reform - Meeting the Challenge of Ageing and Multiple Morbidities

    When the OECD was founded in 1961, health systems were gearing themselves up to deliver acute care interventions. Sick people were to be cured in hospitals, then sent on their way again. Medical training was focused on hospitals; innovation was to develop new interventions; payment systems were centred around single episodes of care.  Health systems have delivered big improvements in health since then, but they can be slow to adapt to new challenges. In particular, these days, the overwhelming burden of disease is chronic, for which ‘cure’ is out of our reach. Health policies have changed to some extent in response, though perhaps not enough.  But the challenge of the future is that the typical recipient of health care will be aged and will have multiple morbidities.  This book examines how  payment systems, innovation policies and human resource policies need to be modernised so that OECD health systems will continue to generate improved health outcomes in the future at a sustainable cost.
  • 4-novembre-2011


    Des politiques meilleures pour le développement - Recommendations pour la cohérence des politiques

    Ce rapport examine comment l’ensemble de nos politiques peuvent être mises au service de nos objectifs communs en matière de développement. Il est centré sur les domaines qui requièrent une action collective de la communauté internationale tout entière et apporte un complément aux travaux récurrents sur l’efficacité de l’aide et le suivi des apports d’aide.

    Nous posons deux hypothèses de départ. Premièrement, les politiques visant les différents domaines – depuis le commerce et l’investissement jusqu’à la fiscalité et la transparence fiscale, en passant par le gouvernement des entreprises, le changement climatique, la sécurité des ressources et la politique sociale – ont de profondes répercussions sur les chances de concrétisation des objectifs de développement durable. Deuxièmement, si ces politiques nécessitent une action de la part des gouvernements nationaux et des organisations régionales dans les pays développés aussi bien qu’en développement, elles requièrent également, compte tenu de l’interdépendance qui caractérise le monde actuel, une action collective de la communauté internationale tout entière.

    Le rapport aborde 18 thèmes, s’articulant autour de quatre grands axes : croissance économique durable, gouvernance économique, environnement et sécurité des ressources naturelles, et société. Considérés dans leur ensemble, ces différents volets reflètent la mission de l’OCDE, qui consiste à promouvoir « des politiques meilleures pour une vie meilleure ». Chaque thème est organisé autour des trois sections suivantes :

    • En quoi la coopération internationale est-elle importante pour le développement ?
    • Où en sommes-nous et quelles sont les prochaines étapes ?
    • Comment l’OCDE, de concert avec d’autres organisations/institutions internationales, peut-elle contribuer à la réalisation de ces objectifs ?
  • 31-October-2011


    Strengthening Accountability in Aid for Trade

    At a time when aid budgets are under pressure and scrutiny, there is a need to improve accountability. This is especially true in the case of aid for trade, which has become an increasingly important priority in development co-operation.   Strengthening Accountability in Aid for Trade looks at what the trade and development community needs to know about aid-for-trade results, what past evaluations of programmes and projects reveal about trade outcomes and impacts, and how the trade and development community could improve the performance of aid for trade interventions.
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