Publications


  • 2-octobre-2012

    Français

    Essai n° 211 : Daphnia magna, essai de reproduction

    La méthode d’essai décrite dans cette Ligne directrice permet d’évaluer les effets d’un produit chimique sur la descendance engendrée de l’espèce Daphnia magna Straus. A cette fin, de jeunes daphnies femelles sont exposées à un produit chimique placé dans l’eau à cinq concentrations différentes au minimum. Pour les essais semi-statiques, un minimum de 10 individus à chaque concentration, et pour les essais dynamiques, 40 individus par concentration divisés en quatre groupes de 10 individus, sont utilisés. La durée de l’essai est de 21 jours. Le nombre total de descendants vivants par animal parent non décédé de manière accidentelle ou fortuite durant l’essai, ainsi que le nombre de descendants vivants par animal parent survivant à fin de l’essai doivent être rapportés. Le rapport d’étude comprend également: le comptage quotidien de la descendance, la mortalité quotidienne des animaux parents, la mesure hebdomadaire de la concentration en oxygène, la température, la dureté de l’eau et son pH, et la détermination des concentrations testées du produit chimique. De manière optionnelle, d’autres effets peuvent être rapportés, tels que la présence de mâles parmi les nouveau-nés. La descendance engendrée par les parents exposés au produit chimique est analysée en la comparant à celle des témoins afin de déterminer la concentration minimale avec effets observés (CMEO) et la concentration (maximale) sans effet observé (CSEO), ainsi qu’en déterminant la concentration qui entraîne une diminution de x% de la descendance engendrée, telle que déterminée par une analyse de la régression.

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  • 2-octobre-2012

    Français

    Statistiques bancaires de l'OCDE : Comptes des banques 2012

    Les tendances de la rentabilité des banques et les facteurs agissant sur elle sont des indicateurs importants de l’état de santé des systèmes bancaires nationaux. Cette publication fournit des informations sur les comptes des banques des pays membres de l'OCDE. La couverture des banques n'est pas la même dans chaque pays ; cependant l'objectif est d'inclure toutes les institutions qui ont des activités bancaires, notamment celles qui prennent des dépôts de personnes privées et qui financent un large éventail de projets. Sont également incluses des informations sur le nombre de banques, leurs filiales et leur personnel, ainsi que des informations structurelles relatives à l’ensemble du secteur financier.  En outre, des ratios, calculés à partir de différents postes des comptes des banques en pourcentage d’agrégats spécifiques, sont proposés pour faciliter l'analyse des tendances de la rentabilité des banques des pays de l'OCDE.

    Cette publication est également disponible sous forme de base de données en ligne qui permet aux utilisateurs d’extraire des données et de construire des tableaux et graphiques. Elle est disponible via www.oecd-ilibrary.org sous le titre Statistiques bancaires de l'OCDE (http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/bank-data-fr) et sur CD-ROM.

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  • 27-September-2012

    English

    OECD Reviews of Regulatory Reform: Indonesia 2012 - Strengthening Co-ordination and Connecting Markets

    The OECD Review of Regulatory Reform in Indonesia focuses on the administrative and institutional arrangements for ensuring that regulations are effective and efficient. It covers the medium term macroeconomic linkages with regulatory policy; of institutional and procedural arrangements for regulatory policy and governance; non-tariff barriers and behind the border constraints to market openness; competition policy in relation to infrastructure; and budgetary and governance arrangements for the management of Public Private Partnerships (PPP). A specific emphasis has been given to the challenges of decentralization for improving connectivity across the Indonesian archipelago and regulatory obstacles in the areas of ports rail and shipping.

  • 27-September-2012

    English

    Fuel Economy of Road Vehicles

    This roadmap explores the potential improvement of existing technologies to enhance the average fuel economy of motorised vehicles; the roadmap’s vision is to achieve a 30% to 50% reduction in fuel use per kilometre from new road vehicles  including 2-wheelers, LDV s and HDV s) around the world in 2030, and from the stock of all vehicles on the road by 2050. This achievement would contribute to significant reductions in GHG emissions and oil use, compared to a baseline projection. Different motorised modes are treated separately, with a focus on LDV s, HDV s and powered two-wheelers. A section on in-use fuel economy also addresses technical and nontechnical parameters that could allow fuel economy to drastically improve over the next decades. Technology cost analysis and payback time show that significant progress can be made with low or negative cost for fuel-efficient vehicles over their lifetime use. Even though the latest data analysed by the IEA for fuel economy between 2005 and 2008 showed that a gap exists in achieving the roadmap’s vision, cutting the average fuel economy of road motorised vehicles by 30% to 50% by 2030 is achievable, and the policies and technologies that could help meet this challenge are already deployed in many places around the world.

  • 21-September-2012

    English

    Challenges in Long-term Operation of Nuclear Power Plants - Implications for Regulatory Bodies

    This document contains a compilation of consensus guidance for approval of long-term operation of nuclear power plants. This guidance is presented as fundamental and key principles that should govern decisions on authorisation for long-term operation. These principles allow for differences in national regulatory strategies and expectations while ensuring that safe performance can be achieved in long-term operation.

  • 20-September-2012

    English

    Illegal Trade in Environmentally Sensitive Goods

    Illegal trade in environmentally sensitive goods, such as threatened wildlife, timber, hazardous waste, and ozone-depleting substances, has been a long-standing issue in the international trade and environment agenda.  The nature of such illegal trade makes it difficult to fully understand its extent and impact on the environment.  Developing effective policies to reduce illegal trade requires a clear understanding of what drives this trade and the circumstances under which it thrives.  In this report, evidence-based on customs data and information from licensing schemes is used to document the scale of illegal trade, as well as the economic and environmental impacts of such trade.  National and international policies have an important role to play in regulating  and reducing illegal trade and the report highlights a range of measures that can be taken at both levels.
  • 20-September-2012

    English

    Lobbyists, Governments and Public Trust, Volume 2 - Promoting Integrity through Self-regulation

    This second volume of OECD's study on lobbying examines regulation and self-regulation of lobbying. It includes chapters defining and examining lobbying, describing the role of professional lobbying associations, exploring various codes of conduct and examining specific codes in various countries, examining lobbyists' attitudes toward regulation and self-regulation, and exploring various options for enhancing transparency and accountability.

  • 15-September-2012

    English

    Mexico: Better Policies for Inclusive Development

    Drawing on the OECD’s expertise in comparing country experiences and identifying best practices, this book tailors the OECD’s policy advice to the specific and timely priorities of Mexico, focusing on how its government can make reform happen.

  • 15-September-2012

    English

    Italy: Reviving Growth and Productivity

    Drawing on the OECD’s expertise in comparing country experiences and identifying best practices, this book tailors the OECD’s policy advice to the specific and timely priorities of Italy, focusing on how its government can make reform happen.

  • 14-September-2012

    English

    Nuclear Fuel Safety Criteria Technical Review (Second Edition)

    Most of the current nuclear fuel safety criteria were established during the 1960s and early 1970s. Although these criteria were validated against experiments with fuel designs available at that time, a number of tests were based on unirradiated fuels. Additional verification was performed as these designs evolved, but mostly with the aim of showing that the new designs adequately complied with existing criteria, and not to establish new limits.

    In 1996, the OECD Nuclear Energy Agency (NEA) reviewed existing fuel safety criteria, focusing on new fuel and core designs, new cladding materials and industry manufacturing processes. The results were published in the Nuclear Fuel Safety Criteria Technical Review of 2001. The NEA has since re-examined the criteria. A brief description of each criterion and its rationale are presented in this second edition, which will be of interest to both regulators and industry (fuel vendors, utilities).

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