Publications


  • 1-juin-2012

    Français

    Aider les pays partenaires à renforcer leurs capacités - Douze leçons tirées des examens par les pairs réalisés par le CAD

    Sur la période allant de 2006 à 2010, le renforcement des capacités a été traité comme un thème particulier dans 19 examens par les pairs, compte tenu de son importance croissante dans le domaine de la coopération pour le développement. En outre, la manière dont les membres du CAD soutiennent le renforcement des capacités dans les pays partenaires a été étudiée dans de nombreux autres processus d’examen par les pairs dans le cadre de l’efficacité de l’aide. Ce rapport met en évidence les thèmes et enseignements communs de ces examens relatifs au renforcement des capacités, notamment la coopération technique, qui est l’une des principales formes de l’aide apportée par les membres du CAD aux pays partenaires. Les leçons concernent principalement la façon dont les membres du CAD peuvent adapter leurs pratiques, notamment dans le domaine de la coopération technique, afin d’aider plus efficacement les pays partenaires à développer leurs propres capacités. Le rapport comprend des exemples de pratiques et d’expériences des membres du CAD et décrit les défis que les donneurs auront encore à relever pour améliorer leurs pratiques dans le domaine du soutien au renforcement des capacités.

  • 1-juin-2012

    Français

    France : Promouvoir la croissance et la cohésion sociale

    Ce livre résume les conseils de l'OCDE pour la France sous plusieurs thématiques tels que la croissance économique, la cohésion sociale, le marché du travail, la scolarité, l’innovation, la concurrence, les retraites, la politique fiscale, le système financier, le logement, le développement durable, l'immigration et la santé.

  • 1-June-2012

    English

    Partnering with Civil Society - Twelve Lessons from DAC Peer Reviews

    This report is about partnerships between DAC members and civil society organisations (CSOs) which can serve many purposes. These include supporting the vital role that CSOs play in enabling people to claim their rights, in promoting rights-based approaches, in shaping development policies and partnerships and in overseeing their implementation, in providing services in areas that are complementary to those provided by states and in contributing to and raising public awareness
    about global development challenges and results.

  • 31-May-2012

    English

    OECD Reviews of Health Systems: Russian Federation 2012

    This review examines some of the possible reasons for poor population health in Russia and explores possible impediments to further improvements.  In doing so it examines the current health system against the background of the reforms put in place in the 1990s and recent policy efforts to correct some of the most important difficulties.  It also identifies some of the strengths and weaknesses of existing arrangements.
  • 30-May-2012

    English

    Energy Policies of IEA Countries: United Kingdom 2012

    The United Kingdom is preparing for a deep decarbonisation of its energy system. The country has decided to halve its greenhouse gas emissions from 1990 to 2027 and to cut them by a total of 80% by 2050. For this to happen, significant private-sector investment in new energy infrastructure is needed. As it seeks concrete solutions to the low-carbon investment challenge, the United Kingdom is leading by example. The UK’s proposed Electricity Market Reform is a pioneering effort that will be closely observed by other countries. Ideally, this complex and ambitious reform would in the long run lead to a more liberalised marketplace in which low-carbon power generation technologies compete to deliver innovative and least-cost outcomes. Security of supply remains a key focus of energy policy. Fossil fuel production in the United Kingdom has peaked, and a fifth of the country’s ageing power generating capacity will have to be closed this decade. However, oil and gas imports are well diversified, and the government intends to promote various technologies to generate low-carbon electricity – renewable and nuclear energy and carbon capture and storage. More efficient energy use is essential to both decarbonisation and energy security. The Green Deal programme, which the UK plans to launch later this year, aims to improve energy efficiency in buildings and public spaces. The programme has the potential to help energy consumers overcome economic challenges, but for it to succeed, the general public must be sufficiently aware of its benefits.

  • 23-May-2012

    English

    Policy Priorities for International Trade and Jobs

    Launched and co-ordinated by the OECD, the International Collaborative Initiative on Trade and Employment (ICITE) is a two-year old joint undertaking of ten international organisations. Under ICITE, a broad research agenda focusing on the interaction between trade and employment has been implemented. This book brings together some of the results of that research. 

    Opening with an overview chapter from the OECD, the book continues with papers covering 1)trade, wages and employment, 2) trade and services, 3) trade and working conditions, and 4) regional trade perspectives.

  • 23-mai-2012

    Français

    Perspectives de l'environnement de l'OCDE à l'horizon 2050 - Les conséquences de l'inaction

    Ces dernières décennies, l’humanité a bénéficié d’une croissance et d’une prospérité sans précédent ; la taille de l’économie mondiale a plus que triplé depuis 1970, tandis que la population de la planète augmentait de plus de 3 milliards de personnes pour atteindre 7 milliards aujourd’hui. Or cette croissance s’est accompagnée d’une pollution de l'environnement et d’un épuisement des ressources naturelles qui pourraient bien, à terme, compromettre le développement humain. Si la protection de l'environnement et la conservation des ressources naturelles continuent de figurer parmi les grandes priorités de l’action publique, de nombreux pays doivent aussi faire face à une croissance économique en berne, des finances publiques sous haute tension et des taux de chômage élevés. Pour s’attaquer à ces défis pressants tout en répondant aux besoins des plus de 9 milliards d’habitants que devrait compter le monde en 2050, il est indispensable de trouver de nouvelles sources de croissance, plus « vertes ».

    « Que réservent les quatre décennies à venir ? » : telle est la question posée par les Perspectives de l’environnement de l’OCDE à l’horizon 2050. Cette étude, qui s’appuie sur les travaux de modélisation menés conjointement par l'OCDE et l’Agence d’évaluation environnementale des Pays-Bas (PBL), se projette dans l'année 2050 pour imaginer quelles répercussions les tendances économiques et démographiques pourraient avoir sur l'environnement si le monde n’adopte pas de politiques vertes plus ambitieuses. Elle cherche aussi à déterminer quelles politiques seraient susceptibles d’améliorer ces perspectives. Les principaux domaines abordés sont le changement climatique, la biodiversité, l’eau et les effets de la pollution sur la santé, quatre défis environnementaux majeurs identifiés dans les Perspectives de l'environnement à l’horizon 2030 (OCDE, 2008) comme des « feux rouges » nécessitant une attention urgente.

  • 18-May-2012

    English

    Knowledge Networks and Markets in the Life Sciences

    Around the OECD countries and beyond, there is a proliferation of initiatives in the life sciences to bring together disperse elements of global research and establish an effective virtual infrastructure for open innovation. Their common goal is to leverage innovative capacity by creating interconnected webs of knowledge and exploiting external expertise.
    Some such initiatives have as their goal the monetisation and trading of knowledge in the form of intellectual assets. Others seek to create networks for pooling and exchange of knowledge. Together, these initiatives can be referred to as “knowledge networks and markets” (KNMs). This report considers the development of such KNMs and examines the impact of current initiatives and the possible options for governments, working with the private sector, to improve innovation efficiency and effectiveness.
    Improving the interoperability of knowledge resources is fundamental to  the creation of a necessary shared infrastructure for efficient KNM to emerge, as is related sustainable funding and policy clarity. Governments can play a vital catalytic role in improving the productivity of KNMs through such infrastructure development and encouragement of associated social networking. the report makes suggestions for some priority actions based on existing case studies.    

  • 16-May-2012

    English

    Evaluating Laws and Regulations - The Case of the Chilean Chamber of Deputies

    This report focuses on international practices of ex post evaluation, and particularly on the current efforts to conduct ex post evaluation of laws in Chile. It is divided in two main parts.

    The first part of the report provides information and guidance, examples of practice and references on the subject of ex post evaluation in OECD countries, particularly in the Legislative area. It looks at the different definitions of, and motivations for, undertaking evaluation. There is no single template for undertaking ex post legislative evaluation. The objectives and methods to be used will depend on factors such as the nature of the law to be evaluated and the parliamentary and governmental context in which the evaluation takes place.

    In the second part the report evaluates the current system and process of ex post evaluation of laws in Chile. It discusses the efforts made by the recently established Law Evaluation Department in the Chamber of Representatives, in the framework of the law making process of the country. It revises the current practices in both branches of government, executive and legislative,  to conduct ex post evaluation of laws and regulations, as well as the formal and informal mechanisms to prepare laws and regulations and their possible ex post review. The paper revises as well the current programme for law evaluation launched by the Chamber of Representatives and it analyses its main components, in particular methodological approaches and inclusion of citizens‘ perceptions as a tool to increase transparency.

    The report concludes with an assessment of the main challenges that the law evaluation work is facing in Chile and makes some recommendations related to institutional, methodological and governance issues.

  • 7-May-2012

    English

    The Post-closure Radiological Safety Case for a Spent Fuel Repository in Sweden - An International Peer Review of the SKB License-application Study of March 2011

    Sweden is at the forefront among countries developing plans for a deep geological repository of highly radioactive waste. There is no such repository in operation yet worldwide, but Sweden, Finland and France are approaching the licensing stage. At the request of the Swedish government, the NEA organised an international peer review of the post-closure radiological safety case produced by the Swedish Nuclear Fuel and Waste Management Company (SKB) in support of the application for a general licence to construct and operate a spent nuclear fuel geological repository in the municipality of Östhammar. The purpose of the review was to help the Swedish government, the public and relevant organisations by providing an international reference regarding the maturity of SKB’s spent fuel disposal programme vis-à-vis best practices in longterm disposal safety and radiological protection. The International Review Team (IRT) consisted of ten international specialists, who were free of conflict of interest with the SKB and brought complementary expertise to the review. This report provides the background and findings of the international peer review. The review’s findings are presented at several levels of detail in order to be accessible to both specialist and nonspecialist readers.

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