Publications


  • 19-janvier-2015

    Français

    Perspectives des politiques de l'éducation 2015 - Les réformes en marche

    Les Perspectives des politiques de l’éducation ont pour objectif d’aider les décideurs dans leurs choix de réformes dans le domaine de l’éducation. Ce rapport examine le besoin d’amélioration du secteur éducatif selon une approche comparative, en tenant compte de l’importance du contexte national. À travers l’étude de l’expérience de mise en œuvre des réformes éducatives dans différents pays, l’ouvrage propose des orientations et des stratégies visant à faciliter le changement.

    Chaque pays ayant un contexte particulier, les défis que posent les réformes ne peuvent être simplement transposés d’un pays ou d’un système à un autre. Néanmoins, les pays font face à de nombreux défis similaires et mettent en œuvre des réformes dans des domaines analogues. L’édition 2015 des Perspectives des politiques de l’éducation présente un examen comparatif des tendances en matière d’action publique et étudie des réformes spécifiques adoptées dans l’ensemble des pays de l’OCDE au cours des sept dernières années, afin d’aider les pays à apprendre les uns des autres et à choisir les réformes les mieux adaptées à leurs besoins et à leur situation.

    Les Perspectives des politiques de l’éducation s’adressent autant aux décideurs qu’aux analystes et aux professionnels de l’éducation.

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  • 19-January-2015

    English

    Back to Work: Japan - Improving the Re-employment Prospects of Displaced Workers

    Job displacement (involuntary job loss due to firm closure or downsizing) affects many workers over the course of their working lives. Displaced workers may face long periods of unemployment and, even when they find new jobs, tend to be paid less and have fewer benefits than in the jobs they held prior to displacement. Helping displaced workers get back into good jobs quickly should be a key goal of labour market policy. This report is the second in a series of reports looking at how this challenge is being tackled in a number of OECD countries. It shows that Japanese employers and the government go to considerable lengths to avoid the displacement of regular workers while also providing considerable income and re-employment support to many of the workers whose jobs cannot be preserved. Challenges for labour market programmes include expanding labour market mobility between regular jobs, improving co-ordination between private and public re-employment assistance for displaced workers, and avoiding that job displacement pushes older workers to the margins of the labour market.

  • 16-janvier-2015

    Français

    Grands projets d'infrastructures de transport et développement économique

    Ce rapport aborde l’état des connaissances sur les effets économiques des grands projets d’infrastructures de transport. Les limites de l’analyse socio-économique coûts-bénéfices sont présentées et les approches complémentaires et alternatives pour évaluer les bénéfices d’investissements dans de grands projets, porteurs de transformations, sont examinées. Dans cette perspective, ce rapport se penche sur les instruments d’évaluation développés pour l’évaluation des projets de super-métro du Grand Paris et de Crossrail à Londres.

  • 15-January-2015

    English

    OECD Development Co-operation Peer Reviews: Austria 2015

    This periodic review (roughly every five years) of the individual development co-operation efforts of Austria assesses the performance of Austria's programme, not just that of its development co-operation agency, and examines both policy and implementation. It takes an integrated, system-wide perspective.

  • 15-January-2015

    English

    OECD Reviews of Health Care Quality: Italy 2014 - Raising Standards

    This report reviews the quality of health care in Italy, seeks to highlight best practices, and provides a series of targeted assessments and recommendations for further improvements to quality of care. Italy’s indicators of health system outcomes, quality and efficiency are uniformly impressive. Life expectancy is the fifth highest in the OECD. Avoidable admission rates are amongst the very best in the OECD, and case-fatality after stroke or heart attack are also well below OECD averages. These figures, however, mask profound regional differences. Five times as many children in Sicily are admitted to hospital with an asthma attack than in Tuscany, for example. Despite this, quality improvement and service redesign have taken a back-seat as the fiscal crisis has hit. Fiscal consolidation has become an over-riding priority, even as health needs rapidly evolve. Italy must urgently prioritise quality of its health care services alongside fiscal sustainability. Regional differences must be lessened, in part by giving central authorities a greater role in supporting regional monitoring of local performance. Proactive, coordinated care for people with complex needs must be delivered by a strengthened primary care sector. Fundamental to each of these steps will be ensuring that the knowledge and skills of the health care workforce are best matched to needs.

  • 15-January-2015

    English

    Hungary: Towards a Strategic State Approach

    This report presents the findings and recommendations from analysis conducted by the OECD as part of the OECD-Hungary Strategic Partnership for Public Administration Reform. Through this initiative, the OECD has supported the government of Hungary in putting in place some of the key building blocks of a “strategic state”. The report’s recommendations can be expected to contribute to strengthening the efficiency, effectiveness, transparency and integrity of the public administration and contribute to supporting sustainable and inclusive growth and development in Hungary.

  • 14-January-2015

    English

    Multi-dimensional Review of Myanmar - Volume 2. In-depth Analysis and Recommendations

    Building on an initial assessment of constraints to development in Myanmar (Volume 1), this second volume provides analysis and policy recommendations in three key areas: structural transformation, education and skills, and financing development. It finds that Myanmar faces a crucial few years to shape growth towards a higher, more sustainable and equitable trajectory. To succeed, it will require a transformation of the economy from an agrarian base reliant on small-scale agriculture at present towards a broad range of modern activities. Building up the right skills in the workforce will be essential to support this structural transformation. Myanmar’s transformation will also depend upon how effectively the country can mobilise and allocate the financial resources needed to support its development, which could amount to as much as an additional 5-10% of GDP on average over the next two decades.

  • 9-janvier-2015

    Français

    Examen de l'OCDE des pêcheries : Statistiques nationales 2014

    Cette publication contient des statistiques sur les pêcheries dans les pays de l'OCDE (à l'exception de l'Autriche, d'Israël et de la Slovénie) et dans quelques économies non-membres (Argentine, Colombie, Lettonie, Taipei chinois, Thaïlande) de 2006 à 2013. Les données fournies concernent la capacité de la flotte de pêche, l'emploi dans les pêcheries, les débarquements de poisson, la production aquacole, la pêche récréative, les transferts financiers publics, et les importations et exportations de poisson.

  • 6-January-2015

    English

    OECD Urban Policy Reviews: Mexico 2015 - Transforming Urban Policy and Housing Finance

    In parallel to a sweeping structural reform agenda, Mexico announced in 2013 a new approach to housing and urban policy. Calling for a more explicit qualitative focus on housing and the urban environment, the policy shift is a welcome development. Mexico urbanised more rapidly than most OECD countries in the past half-century, in part as a result of the expansion of housing finance led by INFONAVIT and facilitated by policies aiming to expand access to formal housing. Yet the quantitative push for formal housing came with quantitative costs: inefficient development patterns resulting in a hollowing out of city centres and the third-highest rate of urban sprawl in the OECD; increasing motorisation rates; a significant share of vacant housing, with one-seventh of the housing stock uninhabited in 2010; housing developments with inadequate access to public transport and basic urban services; and social segregation. How can the Mexican authorities “get cities right” and develop more competitive, sustainable and inclusive cities? How can they improve the capacity of the relevant institutions and foster greater collaboration among them? How can INFONAVIT ensure that its lending activities generate more sustainable urban outcomes as it also fulfils its pension mandate and help Mexicans save more for retirement?

  • 2-January-2015

    English

    Guidance on the GLP Requirements for Peer Review of Histopathology

    The peer review process can lead to changes in the interpretation of the slides and the reported results, and potentially the outcome and conclusions of the study. The purpose of this document is to provide guidance to pathologists, test facility management, study directors and quality assurance personnel on how the peer review of histopathology should be planned, managed, documented and reported in order to meet GLP expectations and requirements. This document is a complement to the guidance provided in section 3.6.3.7 of OECD Guidance Document 116 (series on testing and assessment), whose focus is on how histopathology peer review should be conducted.

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