Publications


  • 6-March-2015

    English

    Review of Integral Experiments for Minor Actinide Management

    Spent nuclear fuel contains minor actinides (MAs) such as neptunium, americium and curium, which require careful management. This becomes even more important when mixed oxide (MOX) fuel is being used on a large scale since more MAs will accumulate in the spent fuel. One way to manage these MAs is to transmute them in nuclear reactors, including in light water reactors, fast reactors or accelerator-driven subcritical systems. The transmutation of MAs, however, is not straightforward, as the loading of MAs generally affects physics parameters, such as coolant void, Doppler and burn-up reactivity. This report focuses on nuclear data requirements for minor actinide management, the review of existing integral data and the determination of required experimental work, the identification of bottlenecks and possible solutions, and the recommendation of an action programme for international co-operation.

  • 27-février-2015

    Français

    Modèle de convention fiscale concernant le revenu et la fortune : Version abrégée 2014

    Cette publication est la neuvième édition de la version abrégée du Modèle de Convention fiscale concernant le revenu et la fortune de l’OCDE. Cette version abrégée contient le texte intégral du Modèle de Convention fiscale tel qu’il se lisait le 15 juillet 2014, excluant toutefois les notes historiques, la liste détaillée des conventions conclues entre les pays membres de l'OCDE et les rapports antérieurs qui sont inclus dans la version intégrale.

    La version intégrale du Modèle de convention fiscale de l'OCDE est publiée séparément. Elle est disponible en version imprimée, électronique et format web. La version web permet d'effectuer de nombreux liens au sein même de la publication, entre un article et son commentaire par exemple. Elle permet également de lancer des recherches rapides, de copier/coller ou encore de joindre des notes au texte. Les versions web et électronique seront disponibles sur OECD iLibrary.

  • 24-February-2015

    English

    Employment and Skills Strategies in England, United Kingdom

    This report delivers evidence-based and practical recommendations on how to better support employment and economic development in England. It builds on sub-national data analysis and consultations with local stakeholders in Nottingham and North Nottinghamshire in the East Midlands as well as Hull and Scarborough in Yorkshire and the Humber. It provides a comparative framework to understand the role of the local level in contributing to more and better quality jobs. The report can help national and local policy makers in England and the UK build effective and sustainable partnerships at the local level, which join-up efforts and achieve stronger outcomes across employment, training, and economic development policies. Co-ordinated policies can help workers find suitable jobs, while also stimulating entrepreneurship and productivity, which increases the quality of life and prosperity within a community as well as throughout the country.

  • 24-février-2015

    Français

    Indicateurs de croissance verte pour l'agriculture - Évaluation préliminaire

    Une partie intégrante de toute stratégie de croissance verte est un ensemble très fiable d'outils de mesure et d'indicateurs qui permettraient aux décideurs d'évaluer l'efficacité des politiques, et de mesurer les progrès réalisés dans l'activité économique se déplaçant sur ​​la voie verte. Ces outils et indicateurs, qui devront être fondés sur des données comparables au niveau international, doivent également être intégrés dans un cadre conceptuel et sélectionnés selon un ensemble clairement spécifié de critères.

    Ce rapport est une première étape vers l'élaboration d'un cadre pour suivre les progrès sur la croissance verte dans le secteur agricole dans les pays de l'OCDE. L'objectif est d'identifier les statistiques pertinentes, concises et mesurables pour mettre en œuvre le Cadre qui fournit une base commune pour élaborer de nouveaux indicateurs de croissance verte dans le secteur agricole dans les pays de l'OCDE.

  • 20-February-2015

    English

    Governing the Metropolitan City of Venice

    Prepared at the request of the City of Venice, this report explores the implications for Venice of the adoption in 2014 of new legislation on the governance of metropolitan cities. It builds on the analysis of the OECD Territorial Review of Venice (2010), analysing a number of different "functional geographies" of the larger urban region centred on Venice. The report argues that, although the new legislation offers some opportunities for Venice to address local challenges, it is important to look beyond the Metropolitan City of Venice as defined in the new legislation and to pursue greater governance co-ordination across the larger city region that encompasses Padua, Treviso and Venice (PaTreVe). Co-operation in the fields of transport, land use, environmental protection and water resources management is particularly important; there are also significant opportunities in the fields of culture and tourism. The report also outlines a possible way forward for governance co-operation at the level of PaTreVe.

  • 18-February-2015

    English

    Governing the City

    How do cities govern themselves as they grow bigger? The answer can shape the competitiveness and quality of life in those cities and depends on a number of factors, ranging from the country's institutional framework to the cities' specific socioeconomic dynamics. This report presents a typology of metropolitan governance arrangements observed across OECD countries and offers guidance for cities seeking for more effective co-ordination, with a closer look at two sectors that are strategic importance for urban growth: transport and spatial planning.

    The report draws from international examples of metropolitan governance mechanisms, and includes a series of in-depth case studies in a selection of six large metropolitan areas: Aix-Marseille (France), Frankfurt (Germany), Athens (Greece), Daejeon (Korea), Puebla-Tlaxcala (Mexico), and Chicago (United States).

  • 18-February-2015

    English

    The Metropolitan Century - Understanding Urbanisation and its Consequences

    The report provides an outline of recent and likely future urbanisation trends and discusses the consequences. The world is in the middle of an urbanisation process that will cause urbanisation rates to rise from low double digit rates to more than 80% by the end of the century. It argues that this is both a great opportunity and a great challenge, as decisions taken today will affect the lifes of people for a long time to come. The report aims at explaining why cities exist, and what can make them prosperous and function well. It also discusses whether cities are good for residents, for the countries they are located in and for the global environment. The report argues that cities exist and grow because they are a source of economic prosperity and offer amenities that benefit their residents. It concludes that urbanisation is a process that needs to be shaped by policy makers to ensure that all benefit from it.

  • 17-February-2015

    English

    Energy Policies Beyond IEA Countries: Indonesia 2015

    Indonesia can claim many economic and political achievements over the last 15 years: the country posted consistently high economic growth rates, joined the G20, stabilised its young democracy, and devolved budgetary power and decision making. Extending this track record further depends on Indonesia’s ability to deliver sustainable and sufficient energy supply to markets and ultimately to consumers.

    Even though it remains a net energy exporter due to the expansion of its coal and liquid biofuel production, the country is consuming more energy as a result of rising living standards, population growth and rapid urbanisation. Indonesia is already highly dependent on oil imports. Meeting demand growth and ensuring the environmental sustainability of energy supplies must remain key pillars of its economic and investment policies and strategies.

    Indonesia has implemented important changes since the IEA published its first review of the country’s energy polices in 2008. Key milestones include the 2007 Law on Energy, the 2008 National Energy Policy, the 2009 Law on Electricity, and the 2009 Law on Mineral and Coal Mining. However, the government needs to continue this reform process vigorously and implement further improvements to Indonesia’s institutional set-up, alongside stronger policy planning and implementation, more investment in critical energy infrastructure, and continued movement towards regulated energy markets and cost-reflective pricing.

    This review analyses the energy policy challenges facing Indonesia and provides critiques and recommendations for further policy improvements. It is intended to help guide the country towards a more secure and sustainable energy future.

  • 16-février-2015

    Français

    Examens environnementaux de l'OCDE : Suède 2014

    Les examens environnementaux de l’OCDE sont des évaluations indépendantes des progrès accomplis par les pays pour tenir leurs engagements environnementaux nationaux et internationaux.

    Ces examens ont pour objectif de favoriser les échanges de bonnes pratiques et l’apprentissage entre pairs, d’aider les gouvernements à rendre compte de leurs politiques auprès des autres pays et de l’opinion publique et d’améliorer la performance environnementale, individuelle et collective, des pays. Les analyses s’appuient sur un large éventail de données économiques et environnementales et contiennent également des recommandations de politique publique.

    Ce rapport est le troisième examen environnemental de la Suède. Il évalue les progrès accomplis par la Suède en termes de développement durable et de croissance verte, avec un accent particulier sur le rôle phare de la Suède dans la réduction des émissions de gaz à effet de serre et sa gestion de l'eau et des services écosystémiques marins.

  • 12-February-2015

    English

    Material Resources, Productivity and the Environment

    Improving resource productivity and ensuring a sustainable resource and materials management building on the principle of the 3Rs (reduce, reuse, recycle) is a central element of green growth policies. It helps to improve the environment, by reducing the amount of resources that the economy requires and diminishing the associated environmental impacts, and sustain economic growth by securing adequate supplies of materials and improving competitiveness. To be successful such policies need to be founded on a good understanding of how minerals, metals, timber or other materials flow through the economy throughout their life cycle, and of how this affects the productivity of the economy and the quality of the environment. This report contributes to this understanding. It describes the material basis of OECD economies and provides a factual analysis of material flows and resource productivity in OECD countries in a global context. It considers the production and consumption of materials, as well as their international flows and available stocks, and the environmental implications associated with their use. It also describes some of the challenges and opportunities associated with selected materials and products that are internationally-significant, both in economic and environmental terms (aluminium, copper, iron and steel, paper, phosphate rock and rare earth elements).

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