Partager

Publications


  • 5-May-2019

    English

    Investing in Youth: Peru

    The present report on Peru is part of the series on 'Investing in Youth', which builds on the expertise of the OECD on youth employment, social support and skills. This series covers both OECD countries and countries in the process of accession to the OECD, as well as some emerging economies. The report provides a detailed diagnosis of youth policies in the areas of social, employment, education and training policies. Its main focus is on young people who are not in employment, education or training (the 'NEETs').Earlier reviews in the same series have looked at youth policies in Brazil (2014), Latvia and Tunisia (2015), Australia, Lithuania and Sweden (2016), Japan (2017), and Norway (2018).
  • 30-April-2019

    English

    Budgeting and Public Expenditures in OECD Countries 2019

    This report provides a comprehensive view of practices and developments in the governance, implementation and performance of budgeting across OECD countries. It looks at recent practices such as the application of medium-term frameworks and the use of data and analytics to highlight the impacts of policies on concerns such as gender equality and the environment. Reflecting countries’ efforts to strengthen the insitutions supporting ficsal policy, the report also discusses trends in Parliamentary oversight, citizen participation, transparency, infrastructure governance and the management of fiscal risks.
  • 1-April-2019

    English

    Engaging Local Employers in Skills Development in Australia

    This report focuses on how to better engage employers to increase participation in apprenticeship and other work-based skills development opportunities, which support local economic development objectives. The report begins with the description of relevant economic and labor market condition in Australia and across states and territories.A key part of this project is the implementation of an employer-based survey in Australia, which gathers information from employers about their skills needs and barriers to apprenticeship participation. The project also takes a case study approach to understand various implementation strengths and weaknesses in Australia. The aim is to understand the interaction between national, state and local programmes and policies while offering practical advice to improve coordination and the participation of employers based on international best practices. For each case study area, interviews were undertaken with local stakeholders in the fields of vocational training, employment, and economic development in order to collect evidence around local actions being taken to boost participation in apprenticeship and other work-based training programmes.
  • 1-April-2019

    English

    OECD Territorial Reviews: Hidalgo, Mexico

    Hidalgo is one of the smallest states in Mexico. It benefits from its close proximity to Mexico City and contains a number of economic and environmental assets in its territory. After a long period of economic stagnation, the state is now closing up the gap with national standards. Yet, productivity and income levels remain low with respect to national levels, and there exist high socio-economic disparities between the south of the state and the municipalities in the northern and mountainous area. This review looks at how the state of Hidalgo is seeking to boost its economy, particularly through a series of institutional reforms and policies to improve the business environment. It highlights opportunities to accelerate the economic convergence and transit towards high-value added economic sectors. The review also identifies a number of recommendations to promote inclusive growth and reduce its north-south divide and offers suggestions to address governance challenges in the territory.
  • 29-mars-2019

    Français

    Voix citoyenne au Maroc - Le rôle de la communication et des médias pour un gouvernement plus ouvert

    Ce rapport analyse comment le cadre institutionnel et politique existant au Maroc en matière de communication peut renforcer la transparence et la participation des citoyens. Compte tenu des réformes liées aux écosystèmes des médias, le rapport s’intéresse à la contribution de ces derniers aux initiatives du gouvernement ouvert. Il examine les opportunités et difficultés rencontrées par les citoyens et les journalistes dans leurs tentatives pour accéder à l’information, et la capacité des médias en ligne, du journalisme civique et des médias associatifs et locaux de renforcer la transparence et de favoriser l’engagement des citoyens. Le rapport envisage diverses réponses possibles aux enjeux actuels de la désinformation et des discours de haine, et suggère des voies de réforme susceptibles d’être soutenues.
  • 22-March-2019

    English

    Innovation, Agricultural Productivity and Sustainability in Latvia

    Latvia, a member of the European Union since 2004, is a small, dynamic and open economy that has successfully transitioned from central planning to a market economy. The reforms undertaken have driven progress, although from generally low levels and at a slower pace in agriculture than for the economy as a whole. This report examines the conditions under which farms and businesses in the food and agriculture sector in Latvia undertake innovation to become more productive and environmentally sustainable. It identifies opportunities as well as challenges that need to be addressed. These include economy wide skills shortage, emigration and population decline and urban concentration of population and services. At the sectoral level, these include the use of agricultural payments to support a large number of non-commercial farms and the high level of unpaid farm labour. To meet these challenges, agricultural innovation can be harnessed to improve the sector’s productivity, as well as the sustainability and efficiency of the food system. This report provides a series of recommendations that should allow agricultural policies to contribute to a well-functioning innovation system that can meet the challenges that lie ahead.
  • 19-March-2019

    English

    Better Regulation Practices across the European Union

    Laws and regulations affect the daily lives of businesses and citizens. High-quality laws promote national welfare and growth, while badly designed laws hinder growth, harm the environment and put the health of citizens at risk. This report analyses practices to improve the quality of laws and regulations across all 28 EU Member States and the European Union. It systematically assesses the use of evidence and stakeholder participation in the design and review of domestic laws and regulations based on the OECD Indicators of Regulatory Policy and Governance. It also provides insights into individual Member States’ use of regulatory management tools as they relate to EU laws. The report presents good regulatory practices and highlights areas that should receive further attention and investment.
  • 15-March-2019

    English

    Waste Management and the Circular Economy in Selected OECD Countries - Evidence from Environmental Performance Reviews

    This report provides a cross-country review of waste, materials management and circular economy policies in selected OECD countries, drawing on OECD’s Environmental Performance Reviews during the period 2010-17. It presents the main achievements in the countries reviewed, along with common trends and policy challenges, and provides insights into the effectiveness and efficiency of waste, materials management and circular economy policy frameworks. As the selected reviews were published over a seven-year period, information for some countries may be more recent than for others. Nevertheless, the policy recommendations emerging from the reviews may provide useful lessons for other OECD countries and partner economies.
  • 15-mars-2019

    Français

    Pratiques Fiscales Dommageables - Rapport d'étape de 2018 sur les régimes préférentiels - Cadre inclusif sur le BEPS : Action 5

    Le Rapport sur l’Action 5 établit l’un des quatre standards minimums prévus par le projet BEPS que tous les membres du Cadre inclusif se sont engagés à mettre en œuvre. Un aspect du standard minimum défini par l’Action 5 se rapporte au processus d’examen par les pairs des régimes fiscaux préférentiels afin d’identifier les caractéristiques de ces régimes qui peuvent faciliter l'érosion de la base et le transfert de bénéfices et peuvent donc avoir une incidence défavorable sur l'assiette fiscale d'autres juridictions.Ce rapport d'étape constitue une mise à jour du rapport de 2015 sur l’Action 5 du BEPS et du Rapport d'étape de 2017. Il contient les résultats de l'examen de tous les régimes fiscaux préférentiels des membres du Cadre inclusif sur le BEPS qui ont été identifiés depuis le projet BEPS. Les résultats présentés sont ceux en date du mois de janvier de 2019.En outre, le Cadre inclusif a approuvé une nouvelle norme rétablissant l'obligation d'activités substantielles pour les juridictions qui ne prélèvent pas d’impôt ou qu’un impôt insignifiant. Ce rapport décrit en détail cette nouvelle norme ainsi que les autres initiatives engagées en vue de compléter ou de réviser le cadre applicable aux pratiques fiscales dommageables. Enfin, il présente les prochaines étapes des travaux consacrés aux pratiques fiscales dommageables.
  • 15-March-2019

    English

    Community Education and Training in South Africa

    Adult learning systems play a crucial role in helping people adapt to the changing world of work and develop relevant skills. Community Education and Training has been brought forward as a possible way to foster adult learning in South Africa, especially among disadvantaged groups. South Africa has a relatively large group of adults who have low levels of education and skills, and limited opportunities for skills development. This report looks at the potential role that Community Education and Training could play in South Africa, how the system should be financed, how to align the training offer with community needs, and how to ensure high-quality provision. The report provides international good practise examples and suggests actions that South African stakeholders might consider to develop the Community Education and Training system.
  • 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 > >>