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Portugal had the 13th highest tax wedge among the 35 OECD member countries in 2016. The country had the 12th highest position in 2015. The average single worker in Portugal faced a tax wedge of 41.5% in 2016 compared with the OECD average of 36.0%.
These country specific notes provide figures and commentary from the Taxation and Skills publication that examines how tax policy can encourage skills development in OECD countries.
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Portugal has shown a strong commitment towards a more effective and efficient public sector. However, the country should deepen its efforts to digitally transform its public sector by ensuring that data is used to build public sector intelligence as well as identifying and developing the current and future skills for a digitally-agile civil service.
This report, commissioned by the XIX Government of Portugal, provides an evaluation of the comprehensive labour market reforms undertaken in Portugal over the period 2011-2015. It describes reforms in the areas of employment protection legislation, unemployment benefits, activation, collective bargaining, minimum wages and working time. The report reviews the reforms in detail and assesses the available evidence on the impact they have had on the labour market. The report concludes that the Portuguese labour market reforms were a move in the right direction. However, despite the progress made, many challenges remain and some of the reforms may not have gone far enough. Unemployment remains high and this situation has fuelled an increase in both poverty and long-term unemployment The labour market remains highly segmented and, in the context of very low inflation, the presence of downward nominal wage rigidity is likely to remain a barrier to the competitiveness of the Portuguese economy – unless productivity growth is strengthened.
The Secretary-General presented the OECD Economic Survey of Portugal and held bilateral meetings with Prime Minister António Costa and several ministers.
Portugal has carved the way to a brighter future with its reform agenda. It now needs to sustain this momentum. Please count on the OECD to continue working with Portugal and for Portugal in order to design, develop and deliver better policies for better lives.
L’économie portugaise se redresse progressivement après une grave récession, à la faveur d’un vaste programme de réformes structurelles qui a débouché sur une accélération de la croissance économique, un recul du chômage et des progrès considérables sur le plan des exportations.
Le Portugal a lancé un vaste programme pour stimuler sa croissance et réduire la dette. Les réformes structurelles sont nécessaires pour assainir les finances publiques, renforcer le marché du travail et rééquilibrer l'économie vers les exports.
This report has been elaborated by the OECD in very close collaboration with the Portuguese government and, in particular, the Ministry of Labour. A final version was submitted to the government in late December 2016 and it is expected to be released in Lisbon on the 19th of January 2017.
Entre 2011 et 2015, le Portugal a mené des réformes de grande ampleur sur le marché du travail, qui ont permis de créer des emplois et de réduire le taux de chômage élevé, mais il doit encore relever d’importants défis, selon un nouveau rapport de l’OCDE.