Despite these positive developments, there is room for improving Polandfs energy strategy. First, a more integrated energy and climate policy is needed to put Poland firmly on a low-carbon path while enhancing energy security. Second, energy policy could put more emphasis on promoting competition to make the energy markets more efficient. Decarbonising Polandfs power sector will be a particularly significant challenge requiring huge investments. Coal accounts for 55% of Polish primary energy supply and 92% of electricity generation, raising significant climate change and environmental challenges. To this end, Polandfs efforts to improve energy efficiency and to diversify the countryfs energy mix are praiseworthy and should be pursued. The governmentfs attention to R&D on clean coal technologies, including carbon capture and storage (CCS) is also encouraging. The government could put more focus on the positive role that gas can play in decarbonising the electricity mix, especially if Polandfs potential resources of unconventional gas are confirmed. To tap these resources, it will be vital to put the necessary legal and regulatory framework in place.
This in-depth review analyses the energy challenges facing Poland and provides sectoral critiques and recommendations for further policy improvements. It is intended to help guide the country towards a more secure and sustainable energy future.
To date, Poland has adopted a complex administrative simplification programme, based on methods successfully used in other OECD countries. It has two main streams: one focused on simplifying licences and permits, the other on measuring and reducing regulatory burdens.
(Video) - Thanks to a major overhaul of its school system, Poland has dramatically reduced the numbers of poorly performing students in the last 10 years. Though Poland spends less than half of what richer countries like the United States and Norway spend on education, it achieves similar results.
Le processus d’examen par les pairs, qui est unique à l’OCDE, a permis d’améliorer les politiques publiques. Les examens évaluent comment les pays gèrent la conception, l’adoption et la mise en œuvre des réglementations en fonction d’un cadre conceptuel.
English, , 240kb
This volume combines an analysis of PISA with a description of the policies and practices of those education systems that are close to the top or advancing rapidly, in order to offer insights for policy from their reform trajectories.
Increasing the share of vocational secondary schooling has been a mainstay of development policy for decades, especially in formerly socialist countries. However, the transition to market economies led to restructuring of school systems and a decline in the number of vocational students.
The rapid growth of entrepreneurship and small firms has been one of the greatest successes in post-Communist transformation in Poland. SMEs have greatly contributed to employment, investment and value added in the Polish economy. However, key barriers to further growth remain in the business environment for SMEs and entrepreneurs. This book sets out the current SME and entrepreneurship climate, reviews SME and entrepreneurship issues and policies at national and local levels, and provides observations and recommendations for improving and supporting entrepreneurship and SMEs in Poland.
Cet article est consacré aux principales réformes structurelles nécessaires à la préparation de l'adoption de la monnaie unique, qui devraient permettre à la Pologne de satisfaire durablement aux critères de Maastricht et de maximiser les différents avantages qu'elle en retirera.
Français, , 120kb
Les notes par pays de l’édition de cette année d’Objectif croissance présentent deux particularités. La première tient à la place accordée au contexte actuel de crise et de reprise, tandis que la seconde marque l’arrivée à maturité de l’exercice qui sous-tend Objectif croissance.
English, , 653kb
Presentation of child well-being indicators in Poland compared to selected OECD countries, policies for the under age 3’s, effects of sole-parenthood on child outcomes, intergenerational inequality and policy recommendations to enhance child well-being.