The State continues to remain an important shareholder in listed companies worldwide, especially among emerging economies, which rely increasingly on mixed-ownership models. With the benefit of hindsight and more recent examples, this book provides fresh perspectives on the motivation to list state-owned enterprises (SOEs) and the process it entails. Drawing from the experiences of five economies (People's Republic of China, India, New Zealand, Poland and Turkey), the book concludes that broadened ownership generally has a positive impact on the governance and performance of these companies. However, country practices show that the act of listing cannot guarantee that these companies are completely averse to State interests; and deviations from sound corporate governance practices, as enshrined in the OECD Guidelines on Corporate Governance of SOEs, can in some cases, raise concerns with regards to non-State shareholder rights, commercial orientation, board independence, conflicting State objectives, transparency, disclosure and more.
The 2015 edition introduces more detailed analysis of participation in early childhood and tertiary levels of education. The report also examines first generation tertiary-educated adults’ educational and social mobility, labour market outcomes for recent graduates, and participation in employer-sponsored formal and/or non-formal education.
This review analyses progress and challenges of open government data in the Polish national context. It is based on existing OECD methodology and formulates recommendations that aim to help Poland improve open government data efforts and achieve impacts. The recommendations take into account the departing level of the Polish context and focus on priority needs, which in the case of Poland is the establishment of an “infrastructure” to support coherent and sustainable efforts across the administration: creation of an ecosystem of related and co-operating actors, establishment of a supportive governance framework, development of the needed skills and culture among civil servants.
I would like to thank the Polish Delegation for organising this meeting. We only have six months left before the Paris COP21, where we must strive to achieve a historic deal, so it is absolutely necessary that we intensify our debates about the right energy model for a brighter future.
Depuis son adhésion à l’UE en 2004, la Pologne a conjugué croissance économique robuste et réduction de certaines pressions sur l’environnement. Elle a aussi rapproché sa législation environnementale des normes européennes. Aujourd’hui, la Pologne doit diminuer la dépendance de son économie à l’égard des énergies fossiles et verdir sa croissance, affirme un nouveau rapport de l’OCDE.
Mr. Gurría held bilateral meetings with Mr. Janusz Piechociński, Deputy Prime Minister, and Mr. Grzegorz Schetyna, Minister of Foreign Affairs.
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Poland’s employment rate at 61% (Q2 2014) remains well below the OECD average but, in contrast to many other countries, it has increased slowly since the onset of the economic crisis (from 57.9% in Q1 2007).
La productivité de la Pologne a fortement augmenté au cours des dix dernières années et les efforts déployés pour réduire le poids de la réglementation ont été significatifs.
Les résultats médiocres obtenus sur le front de l'emploi restent une des principales faiblesses structurelles de la Pologne, entravant la compétitivité des entreprises et la production potentielle du pays. Il est également crucial d'améliorer les perspectives d'emploi dans la mesure où la population va bientôt vieillir rapidement.
The average worker in Poland faced a tax burden on labour income (tax wedge) of 35.6% in 2013 compared with the OECD average of 35.9%. Poland was ranked 21 of the 34 OECD member countries in this respect.