En 2016, pour la première fois depuis plus de deux décennies l’économie du Nigéria est entrée en récession en raison des chocs économiques négatifs, des politiques économiques incohérentes et des problèmes de sécurité dans les États du nord-est et du Delta.
These ready-made tables and charts provide for snapshot of aid (Official Development Assistance) for all DAC Members as well as recipient countries and territories. Summary reports by regions (Africa, America, Asia, Europe, Oceania) and the world are also available.
Ahmedabad, Inde, 22 mai 2017 – Les gouvernements africains doivent s’appuyer davantage sur les entrepreneurs du continent pour industrialiser leurs économies, d’après les Perspectives économiques en Afrique 2017.
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Les huit années de conflit qui viennent de s’écouler au nord-est du Nigéria ont fortement affaibli les moyens d’existence déjà fragiles des populations, provoquant une crise humanitaire profonde. Conséquence de l’insurrection de Boko Haram et des déplacements massifs de populations, les trois États du nord-est, Adamawa, Borno et Yobé, ont atteint des niveaux extrêmement élevés d’insécurité alimentaire en 2016.
Le leader mondial des Forum en matière de transparence fiscale a publié aujourd’hui 10 nouveaux rapports d'examen par les pairs, qui démontrent un respect accru des normes internationalement reconnues pour lutter contre l'évasion fiscale par l'échange de renseignements.
This report contains the 2014 “Phase 2: Implementation of the Standards in Practice” Global Forum review of Nigeria.
The Global Forum on Transparency and Exchange of Information for Tax Purposes is the multilateral framework within which work in the area of tax transparency and exchange of information is carried out by over 130 jurisdictions which participate in the work of the Global Forum on an equal footing.
The Global Forum is charged with in-depth monitoring and peer review of the implementation of the standards of transparency and exchange of information for tax purposes. These standards are primarily reflected in the 2002 OECD Model Agreement on Exchange of Information on Tax Matters and its commentary, and in Article 26 of the OECD Model Tax Convention on Income and on Capital and its commentary as updated in 2004, which has been incorporated in the UN Model Tax Convention.
The standards provide for international exchange on request of foreseeably relevant information for the administration or enforcement of the domestic tax laws of a requesting party. “Fishing expeditions” are not authorised, but all foreseeably relevant information must be provided, including bank information and information held by fiduciaries, regardless of the existence of a domestic tax interest or the application of a dual criminality standard.
All members of the Global Forum, as well as jurisdictions identified by the Global Forum as relevant to its work, are being reviewed. This process is undertaken in two phases. Phase 1 reviews assess the quality of a jurisdiction’s legal and regulatory framework for the exchange of information, while Phase 2 reviews look at the practical implementation of that framework. Some Global Forum members are undergoing combined – Phase 1 plus Phase 2 – reviews. The ultimate goal is to help jurisdictions to effectively implement the international standards of transparency and exchange of information for tax purposes.
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Despite the huge progress, Africa remains the least-connected continent. Africa’s broadband household penetration accounted for 15.4% in 2015, far behind the worldwide average of 52.3% (Asia and the Pacific - 46.4%; The Americas - 64.4%; and Europe - 84%). When it comes to individual Internet usage, Nigeria was the best-performing West African country in 2015, with almost one out of two Nigerians connected.
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According to the findings of the Cadre harmonisé analysis of August 2016, some 4.4 million people in northeastern Nigeria were facing acute food insecurity (phases 3-5) requiring urgent humanitarian assistance. In the worst affected and less accessible pockets of Borno state, nearly 60 000 people face the threat of famine (phase 5).
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Of the 9.6 million people in need of food and nutrition assistance in the Sahel and West Africa (March-May 2017), some 7.1 million live in Nigeria: 3.2 million in Borno State, 800 000 in Adamawa State and 600 000 in Yobe State and the rest in other northern states. Some 44 000 more Nigerians currently face the threat of famine, mostly in Borno State.
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The October 2016 analysis of the Cadre harmonisé expands its coverage to include for the first time 16 out of 36 states, almost half of Nigeria. In these states, some eight million people are currently facing acute food insecurity (phases 3-5, October-December 2016).