This report sets out the experiences of OECD countries in applying the concept of market definition in the telecommunications sector, with a particular focus on triple- and quadruple-play services. The findings are then related to existing regulations in Colombia to verify whether the relevant markets defined in regulatory decisions are consistent with the competition economics approach to identifying relevant markets.
Climate-related disasters have inflicted increasingly high losses on developing countries, and with climate change, these losses are likely to worsen. Improving country resilience against climate risks is therefore vital for achieving poverty reduction and economic development goals.
This report discusses the current state of knowledge on how to build climate resilience in developing countries. It argues that climate-resilient development requires moving beyond the climate-proofing of existing development pathways, to consider economic development objectives and resilience priorities in parallel. Achieving this will require political vision and a clear understanding of the relation between climate and development, as well as an adapted institutional set-up, financing arrangements, and progress monitoring and evaluation. The report also discusses two priorities for climate-resilient development: disaster risk management and the involvement of the private sector.
The report builds on a growing volume of country experiences on building climate resilience into national development planning. Two country case studies, Ethiopia and Colombia, are discussed in detail.
La Colombie abrite l’une des plus riches biodiversités de la planète mais les industries extractives, le pâturage, l’urbanisation et la circulation automobile exercent des pressions croissantes sur ce patrimoine naturel, selon un nouveau rapport de l’OCDE.
El rico patrimonio natural de Colombia, uno de los países con mayor biodiversidad del mundo, se encuentra bajo creciente presión debido a las industrias extractivas, la cría de ganado, la urbanización y el uso de automóviles, según un nuevo informe de la OCDE.
La Colombie a beaucoup fait pour renforcer les règles régissant son secteur des télécommunications mais elle doit donner à son autorité de régulation davantage de pouvoir pour faire appliquer ces règles et ainsi développer la concurrence, notamment sur le marché très concentré de la téléphonie mobile, selon un nouveau rapport de l’OCDE.
This review makes recommendations aimed at furthering regulatory reform and stimulating market competition and investment in the sector as a building block for the future development of the Colombian economy.
Latin America: publications, working papers and studies
The OECD will publish a Telecommunication Review and an Environmental Performance Review of Colombia on April 9 and 10 respectively. The reviews examine competition and regulation in Colombia’s telecoms market and assess its environmental policies and performance. Both will feed into talks on Colombia’s accession to the OECD.
This report analyses if Colombia’s procurement legislation and practices are in line with the OECD 2012 Recommendation on Fighting Bid Rigging and the 1998 Recommendation on Effective Action against Hard Core Cartels. It also sets forth suggestions that can lead to closer compliance with such instruments, more effective procurement and a reduction in the incidence of bid rigging in Colombia.
This publication addresses the role of national systems of IP in the socio-economic development of emerging countries, notably through their impact on innovation. It presents a framework that identifies the key mechanisms that enable IP systems to support emerging countries’ innovation and development objectives.