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  • 7-March-2020

    English

    Open, Useful and Re-usable data (OURdata) Index: 2019 - Policy Paper

    OECD Open, Useful and Re-usable data (OURdata) Index: 2019 - Policy Paper

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  • 5-March-2020

    English

    Laggard firms, technology diffusion and its structural and policy determinants

    This paper provides new evidence on the main characteristics of laggard firms - firms in the bottom 40% of the productivity distribution - and their potential for productivity growth. It finds that laggards are on average younger and smaller than more productive firms, and matter for aggregate resource reallocation. Moreover, younger laggards converge faster toward the productivity frontier, suggesting that the composition of the laggard group matters for future productivity. Yet this report finds that laggards converge at a slower rate in highly digital- and skill-intensive industries, suggesting that there are barriers to technology and knowledge diffusion. This could help explain the much-debated productivity slowdown and the increased productivity dispersion. This report also finds that policies aimed at improving workers’ skills, alleviating financial constraints to investments and increasing firms' absorptive capacity through direct R&D support can accelerate the diffusion of knowledge and technology, and help laggard firms to catch up.
  • 2-mars-2020

    Français

    Axer le secteur public sur les données : marche à suivre

    Les gouvernements du XXIe siècle doivent suivre l'évolution des attentes de leurs citoyens et tenir les promesses de l'ère numérique. Les approches basées sur les données sont particulièrement efficaces pour répondre à ces attentes et repenser la manière dont les gouvernements et les citoyens interagissent. Ce rapport souligne le rôle important que les données peuvent jouer dans la création de conditions améliorant les services publics, augmentant l'efficacité des dépenses publiques et éclairant les considérations éthiques et de confidentialité. Il présente un cadre du secteur public fondé sur les données pouvant aider les pays ou les organisations à évaluer les éléments nécessaires à l'utilisation des données afin de prendre des décisions mieux informées dans tous les secteurs publics.
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  • 27-February-2020

    English

    OECD.AI Policy Observatory on Artificial Intelligence

    OECD.AI is an interactive online platform for shaping and sharing AI policies across the globe. It aims to help countries and others implement the OECD AI Principles for the development of responsible and trustworthy AI that benefits society as a whole.

  • 27-February-2020

    English

    Systemic Thinking for Policy Making - The Potential of Systems Analysis for Addressing Global Policy Challenges in the 21st Century

    We live in a period of profound systemic change, and as in similar periods in the past, there is bound to be considerable instability and uncertainty before the new society and economy take shape. We have to identify actions that will shape change for the better, and help to build resilience to the inevitable shocks inherent in, and generated by, the complex system of systems constituted by the economy, society and the environment. These challenges require updating the way policies are devised and implemented, and developing more realistic tools and techniques to design those policies on the basis of appropriate data. In Systemic Thinking for Policy Making world experts from the OECD and International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA) pool their expertise and experience to propose new approaches to analysing the interconnected trends and issues shaping today’s and tomorrow’s world. The authors argue that to tackle planetary emergencies linked to the environment, the economy and socio-political systems, we have to understand their systemic properties, such as tipping points, interconnectedness and resilience. They give the reader a precise introduction to the tools and techniques needed to do so, and offer hope that we can overcome the challenges the world is facing.
  • 20-February-2020

    English, PDF, 1,316kb

    Digital economy policy in Costa Rica

    This review was conducted in the context of the Costa Rica's roadmap to OECD membership. It evaluates the country's willingness and ability to implement the substantive OECD legal instruments related to digital economy policy, and compares its national policies to OECD best practices.

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  • 20-February-2020

    English, PDF, 875kb

    Consumer policy in Costa Rica

    This report provides an overview of consumer policy in Costa Rica in the context of the country's roadmap to OECD membership. It aims to assess Costa Rica's willingness and ability to implement the substantive OECD legal instruments related to consumer policy, and to evaluate Costa Rica’s policies and practices compared to OECD best practices on consumer issues.

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  • 14-February-2020

    English

    Going Digital integrated policy framework

    Digital transformation has widespread and complex effects across the economy and society. It impacts many policy domains and makes trade-offs between public policy objectives more difficult to navigate. The Going Digital Policy Framework helps governments and stakeholders develop an integrated approach to policy making in the digital age and shape policies for an inclusive digital future.

  • 11-February-2020

    English

    The Digitalisation of Science, Technology and Innovation - Key Developments and Policies

    This report examines digitalisation’s effects on science, technology and innovation and the associated consequences for policy. In varied and far-reaching ways, digital technologies are changing how scientists work, collaborate and publish. While examining these developments, this book also assesses the effects of digitalisation on longstanding policy themes, from access to publicly funded research data, to the diffusion of technology and its absorption by firms. New and emerging topics are also explored. These include the roles of artificial intelligence and blockchain in science and production, using digital technology to draw on the collective intelligence of the scientific community, advances in the digitalisation of biotechnology, and possible 'dark sides' of digitalisation.
  • 7-February-2020

    English

    OECD Global Conference on Governance Innovation: Towards Agile Regulatory Frameworks in the Fourth Industrial Revolution

    Conference to exchange information on the need for and experience with governance innovation in the context of different sectors and different countries, both within and outside of the OECD, and to inform future OECD work.

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