Reports


  • 13-May-2016

    English

    Working Together: Skills and Labour Market Integration of Immigrants and their Children in Sweden

    This review is the first in a new series on the skills and labour market integration of immigrants and their children. With 16% of its population born abroad, Sweden has one of the larger immigrant populations among the European OECD countries. Estimates suggest that about half of the foreign-born population originally came to Sweden as refugees or as the family of refugees and Sweden has been the OECD country that has had by far the largest inflows of asylum seekers relative to its population. In all OECD countries, humanitarian migrants and their families face greater challenges to integrate into the labour market than other groups. It is thus not surprising that immigrant versus native-born differences are larger than elsewhere, which also must be seen in the context of high skills and labour market participation among the native-born. For both genders, employment disparities are particularly pronounced among the low-educated, among whom immigrants are heavily overrepresented. These immigrants face particular challenges related to the paucity of low-skilled jobs in Sweden, and policy needs to acknowledge that their integration pathway tends to be a long one. Against this backdrop, Sweden has highly developed and longstanding integration policies that mainly aim at upskilling immigrants while temporarily lowering the cost of hiring, while other tools that work more strongly with the social partners and the civil society are less well developed and need strengthening.

  • 31-March-2016

    English

    OECD Reviews of Labour Market and Social Policies: Latvia 2016

    Latvia has undergone major economic and social change since the early 1990s. Despite an exceptionally deep recession following the global financial crisis, impressive economic growth over the past two decades has narrowed income and productivity gaps relative to comparator countries in the OECD. But Latvians report low degrees of life satisfaction, very large numbers of Latvians have left the country, and growth has not been inclusive. A volatile economy and very large income disparities create pressing needs for more effective social and labour-market policies. The government’s reform programme rightly acknowledges inequality as a key challenge. However, without sustained policy efforts and adequate resources, there is a risk that productivity and income growth could remain below potential and social cohesion could be further weakened by high or rising inequality.

  • 4-février-2016

    Anglais, Excel, 2,550kb

    Labor migration in Asia: Building effective institutions

    The annual Roundtable on Labor Migration in Asia has been organized since 2011 by the Asian Development Bank Institute and the Organization of Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), and since 2013 also by the International Labour Organization (ILO). In recent years, the three organizations have worked together to produce a yearly report on the themes of each roundtable.

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  • 2-February-2016

    English

    Labor Migration in Asia - Building effective institutions

    This report analyses the institutions and structures that govern labor migration in Asia. It considers the important role of governments and other stakeholders in both labour-destination countries such as Japan, the Republic of Korea, and Singapore, and labour-sending countries such as India, the Philippines, and Sri Lanka. Key issues are the extent to which these structures provide an orderly process for the movement of people between countries and whether the rights and the welfare of workers are protected.

     

  • 20-January-2016

    English

    OECD Reviews of Labour Market and Social Policies: Colombia 2016

    Colombia has made major economic and social advances in recent years. The combination of strong economic growth and policies targeted at the most vulnerable groups improved considerably the living standards of the Colombian population. Today, the country enjoys higher employment and labour force participation rates than the average of OECD countries and unemployment is steadily declining. Nevertheless, despite these positive trends, deep structural problems remain. Labour informality is widespread, the rate of self-employment is high and many employees have non-regular contracts. Income inequality is higher than in any OECD country and redistribution through taxes and benefits is almost negligible. In addition, half a century of internal conflict and violence has displaced a significant part of the population, and many of them are living in extreme poverty. Despite considerable progress, violence continues to be a challenge and also affects trade union members and leaders. The Colombian Government has undertaken important reforms in recent years to address these labour market and social challenges, and the efforts are gradually paying off. However, further progress is needed to enhance the quality of jobs and well-being for all. The main trust of this report is to support the Colombian Government in tackling labour market duality, generate trust between the social partners, develop inclusive and active social policies, and get the most out of international migration.

  • 17-décembre-2015

    Français, Excel, 762kb

    Les élèves immigrés et l’école : Avancer sur le chemin de l’intégration – Principaux résultats

    Les élèves immigrés et l’école : Avancer sur le chemin de l’intégration – Principaux résultats

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  • 14-décembre-2015

    Français

    Resserrer les liens avec les diasporas - Panorama des compétences des migrants 2015

    Cette publication présente les effectifs et les caractéristiques des populations émigrées par pays d’origine avec une attention particulière portée sur les niveaux d’éducation et la situation sur le marché du travail. Elle offre aux pays d’origine un portrait détaillé de la taille et de la composition de leurs diasporas ainsi que de leur évolution depuis 2000. Elle est composée d’un chapitre de synthèse et de six chapitres régionaux : Asie et Océanie, Amérique latine et Caraïbes, pays de l’OCDE, pays européens hors OCDE et Asie centrale, Moyen-Orient et Afrique du Nord et Afrique subsaharienne. Les chapitres régionaux sont suivis d’une note régionale et des notes par pays.

  • 9-October-2015

    English

    Corruption and the smuggling of refugees

    Corruption is one of the primary facilitators of refugee smuggling. In order to fight this crime, and help refugees safely realise their rights, the international community must understand the intricate connections between corruption and refugee smuggling.

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  • 28-août-2015

    Français

    Système d'observation permanente des migrations internationales pour les Amériques (SICREMI)

    Le SICREMI est une initiative de l'Organisation des États américains (OAS) qui contribue à la promotion et au développement des politiques publiques qui permettent une meilleure gestion des migrations dans les Amériques à travers la facilitation du dialogue, la coopération, le renforcement insitutionnel et l'accès à l'information.

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  • 13-août-2015

    Français

    Les indicateurs de l'intégration des immigrés 2015 - Trouver ses marques

    Cette publication réalisée conjointement par l’OCDE et la Commission européenne présente la première grande comparaison internationale sur les résultats des immigrés et de leurs enfants entre tous les pays de l’UE et de l’OCDE, au travers de 27 indicateurs d'intégration organisés autour de cinq grands thèmes: emploi, éducation et compétences, inclusion sociale, citoyenneté active et cohésion sociale (chapitres 5 à 12). Trois chapitres contextuels présentent les caractéristiques démographiques, celles spécifiques à la population immigrée ainsi que la composition des ménages immigrés (chapitre 2 à 4). Deux chapitres spéciaux sont dédiés à des groupes spécifiques. Les jeunes issus de l’immigration, dont les résultats sont souvent pris comme référence pour évaluer le succès ou l’échec de l’intégration, constituent le premier groupe. Le second groupe est formé par les ressortissants de pays tiers dans l’Union européenne, et constitue un groupe cible des politiques d’intégration de l’Union européenne.

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