Launch | Regulation | e-Government | HRM
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Mexico needs a more efficient government to face fiscal challenges and effectively tackle social problems such as poverty, access to basic quality services, and infrastructure.
In this context, the Mexican government has advanced in implementing structural reforms concerning a professional civil service, streamlining the norms that regulate the operations of the federal government, and e-government.
This report explains the contributions of these reforms to good public governance and argues in favour of their continuity to ensure long-lasting positive effects.
Furthermore, it outlines horizontal conclusions and recommendations to advance public administration reform in Mexico, concluding that a professional workforce, with clear rules to carry out its functions in an efficient and honest environment will be better suited to tackle the challenge of doing more with less.
The publication is grouped under 3 thematic chapters
1. Regulation: Regulation inside government in Mexico: policies and framework
2. e-Government: Leveraging e-government to find new approaches
3. HRM: The challenges of professionalising public servants in Mexico
This publication was launched at the "Conference on Building an Effective and Transparent Public Sector in Latin America", held in Mexico, 11-12 July 2011.
The audience included senior and middle management public servants from Mexico and other Latin American countries, and officials from OECD member countries. Academics, public opinion leaders, think-tanks, and business representatives were also represented.
Mr. Salvador Vega Casillas, Minister of Public Administration, Mexico
Mr. Felipe Calderón, President of Mexico
Mr. Aart de Geus,
Deputy Secretary-General, OECD
Regulation inside government in Mexico: policies and framework
The regulatory framework that applies to internal government activities – regulation inside government – should promote efficiency and effectiveness in the delivery of public outputs and in the design and implementation of public policies. When properly designed, regulation inside government helps to advance accountability and transparency and prevent corruption.
In contrast, when regulation inside government generates bureaucratic processes, scarce taxpayer funds are directed to complying with burdensome requirements. As part of its strategy to make the public administration more effective and efficient, the Mexican Government led an exercise to review the stock of internal regulations; by the beginning of 2011, this exercise had resulted in the elimination of 67% of the internal regulatory instruments and in the elaboration and publication of 9 administrative handbooks for general application to the internal activities of the government.
This chapter explains and evaluates this exercise in light of international experiences and proposes recommendations to consolidate results and ensure a lasting impact.
Leveraging e-government to find new approaches to old challenges
Mexico has a long-standing commitment to using ICT to support public sector reforms and foster good governance by improving transparency, quality and efficiency of government. Across administrations, the Mexican Government has exploited technology to continually innovate and improve its operations to best meet citizens’ and businesses’ needs.
This chapter draws attention to the government’s efforts to better integrate, simplify and implement e-government processes; strengthen the governance framework; align strategic goals in order to rationalise the use of resources in times of economic constraints; deliver services more coherently across the federal public administration; maximise the benefits of previous e-government investments while planning new ones; and embrace innovative concepts and approaches.
The challenges of professionalising public servants in Mexico
Fair, dynamic and strategic management of the public workforce is assumed to be a critical variable for developing a high-performing public sector and building a modern government administration. This chapter analyses the main strengths and windows of opportunity of the Professional Career Service System (Sistema del Servicio Profesional de Carrera) implemented by the Mexican government to install merit-based personnel policies and practices in the federal central public administration.
The discussion includes: strategic workforce planning, provisions for ensuring equity and transparency to access public employment, arrangements for career development and promotion, performance management, and the political-administrative interface. Moreover, the chapter includes a discussion on the elements that would facilitate the implementation of the Professional Career Service system, such as: a focus on core values, the need to align the system to the strategic goals of government, a clear division of human resource management (HRM) responsibilities, and the call to disseminate HRM best practices across the public administration at all levels.
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