Le Mexique a poussé très loin la décentralisation des services publics, mais le système budgétaire fédéral présente des déficiences importantes. Les États et les communes sont désormais très tributaires des transferts fédéraux pour financer une part croissante des dépenses publiques.
The Secretary-General of the OECD, Mr. Angel Gurría, will be in Mexico on 1st and 2nd August 2013, to meet with Mr José Antonio Meade, Secretary of Foreign Affairs, Mr. Ildefonso Guajardo, Minister of Economy, Mr. Luis Videgaray, Secretary of Finance and Mr. Emilio Chuayffet, Minister of Education.
Start-ups are gaining momentum in Latin America's innovation strategies. Start-up Latin America: Promoting Innovation in the Region analyses the role of policies in promoting the creation and expansion of start-ups. It provides a comparative snapshot of recent initiatives in six countries in the region to identify good practices and foster knowledge sharing to improve innovation policy design and implementation.
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Fiscal policy plays an essential role in reducing income inequality in OECD countries while this effect tends to be lower in Latin American economies. This paper adds to the discussion by looking at the issue from a tax-benefit analysis perspective; namely by estimating the impact of the welfare system on the different income groups in Chile and Mexico.
Getting it Right is one of the most complete toolkits that the OECD has designed to help a country at the start of a new government administration. In this publication, the focus of the Organisation’s multidisciplinary knowledge is on Mexico; the discussion is enriched with international experience, and comparison based on best practices. In addition, the report identifies the Mexican economy’s strengths and weaknesses so as to support the design, promotion and implementation of key public policies for better economic performance.
Mexico enfrenta una amplia variedad de amenazas naturales de manera regular, las cuales incluyen sismos, tormentas tropicales e inundaciones. A través de los años, el Sistema Nacional de Protección Civil ha mejora sus medidas de preparación tanto insituticonales como operacionales para el manejo de eventos perturbadores.
Mexico regularly faces a wide range of natural hazards, including earthquakes, tropical storms and floods. Over the years, the National Civil Protection System has improved its institutional and operational preparedness to manage these disruptive events. But more can be done to avoid future losses and at the same time support sustainable economic development.
During the past decade, the Mexican government has put into place a strong policy framework for the promotion of small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) and entrepreneurship. It has created a sequence of policy support running from the development of new entrepreneurs, micro-enterprises, SMEs and gazelles to the stimulation of linkages between SMEs and so-called 'tractor' firms. New co-ordination arrangements have also been created across government ministries and among national and state governments to increase the coherence and integration of their programmes. This publication takes stock of this progress and assesses the opportunities for further strengthening of the Mexican economy through SMEs and entrepreneurship. It shows that the framework conditions are generally good in Mexico, and have improved in recent years thanks to reforms such as regulatory simplification, the expansion of the national loan guarantee programme, and the inclusion of the micro-enterprise sector as a target of the public support system. At the same time, more can be done to shift entrepreneurs into the formal business sector and to develop more medium-sized companies able to innovate and trade internationally. There is also scope to improve the process of delivering the highest quality and most relevant policy support to beneficiary enterprises by simplifying the rules and operations of the SME Fund, developing the professional capacities of the staff and consultants who provide business development services and using available company-level data for the purposes of policy evaluation.
L’informalité a des implications importantes sur la productivité, la croissance économique et l’inégalité des revenus. Ces dernières années, la mesure de l’emploi informel a augmenté dans la plupart des États du Mexique, bien que de manière très hétérogène.