Latvia’s health system broadly delivers effective and efficient care to the population within a context of significantly fewer resources – and higher health care needs – than most OECD countries. Latvia has successfully consolidated its hospital sector and strengthened primary care. Average length of stay in hospital fell by almost 15% between 2005 and 2013, and GPs are now required to follow up on patients who called for emergency medical assistance but were not hospitalised. OECD health systems could learn much from these reforms as well as longer-standing institutions, such as Latvia’s feldshers (physician assistants). Latvia nevertheless faces important challenges to improve the performance of its health system. Up to one in five Latvians report forgoing health care because of the cost; waiting times for key diagnostic and treatment services can be long; and inclusion of key treatments in the publicly-funded benefits basket does not always reflect latest best practice. Critically, the health system lags behind many OECD countries in the extent to which data are used to systematically measure, compare and improve the performance of services, especially at more granular provider or local levels. This review aims to support Latvia in continuing reform of its health system, informed by international best practice.
Regulators are proactive referees of the sectors they regulate, contributing to the delivery of essential public utilities for citizens. To fulfill this function, they need to be constantly alert, checking sectoral trends as well as assessing the impact of their decisions. However, while measuring regulators’ performance is essential, it is also challenging, from defininig what should be measured to attributing impacts to regulators' decisions. To address these challenges, the OECD has developed an innovative framework that looks at the institutions, processes and practices that help regulators assess their performance. The framework has been applied to Latvia's Public Utilities Commission, which is responsible for regulating energy, communications, water and waste. The review offers unique insights into the work of a multi-sector regulator, identifying the organisational features that allow lessons and experiences to be shared across sectors and contribute to good performance. It highlights the importance of clarifying the role and functions of the regulator and its relationship with other public institutions, setting long-term strategic objectives for the regulator's activities, and having the right regulatory tools with appropriate incentives for the efficient and effective provision of public utility services.
Notice biographique du représentant permanent de la Lettonie auprès de l'OCDE.
This database provides information on environmentally related taxes, fees and charges, tradable permit systems, deposit refund systems, environmentally motivated subsidies and voluntary approaches used in environmental policy in OECD member countries and a number of other countries. Developed in co-operation between the OECD and the European Environment Agency.
English, PDF, 938kb
This review of Latvia by the OECD Working Party of Governmental Experts on Insurance examines Latvia’s position with respect to core principles related to insurance systems.
As the OECD's newest member, Latvia will be able to tap into the vast reservoir of OECD expertise to continue to meet its domestic policy goals. At the same time, the OECD will become different – and better – as a result of Latvia's membership. We will benefit from Latvia's unique experiences, from the presence of a new voice and a new outlook as we move forward.
It is an honor for me to be here today and to sign the accession agreement of Latvia to the OECD. It is a privilege to become a member of this ‘club of best practices’.
Être en bonne santé et occuper un emploi de qualité sont deux des éléments les plus importants qui sont associés au bien-être subjectif, d’après les dernières données de l’Indicateur du vivre mieux de l’OCDE.
Saskaņā ar jaunu OECD ziņojumu Latvija kopš neatkarības atgūšanas 1991. gadā ir būtiski uzlabojusi savu izglītības sistēmu, tomēr vēl ir jāveltī daudz pūļu, lai paaugstinātu izglītības standartus un nodrošinātu to, lai kvalitatīva izglītība būtu pieejama visiem skolēniem.
Depuis son indépendance en 1991, la Lettonie a accompli d’importantes avancées dans l’amélioration de son système éducatif. Néanmoins, elle doit aujourd’hui renforcer les efforts déployés en faveur de la qualité de l’enseignement, et veiller à ce que tous les élèves accèdent à un enseignement de qualité, selon un nouveau rapport de l'OCDE.