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Reforms in nine key areas - a strategy for domestic demand-led growth, the labour market, environment and climate change, education, taxes, health and long-term care, pension reform, regional policy and decentralization and public governance, could bring about a lasting improvement in Japan’s economic prospects, according to OECD analysis.
This country note, extracted from the STI Scoreboard 2009, explores recent developments in matters relating to innovation, science, technology and globalisation in Japan.
The rapidly developing Southeast Asia region is confronted with significant labour market challenges. This initiative aims to address the issues of employment and skills, especially through an interaction platform for members.
Japan needs a credible fiscal consolidation plan, including spending cuts and tax increases, to maintain confidence in its fiscal sustainability as gross public debt nears 200% of GDP in 2010.
To achieve its targets to reduce greenhouse gas emissions in a cost-effective manner, Japan should create a mandatory and comprehensive emission trading system, supplemented if necessary, by carbon taxes.
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This 2009 edition of Education at a Glance includes first results from TALIS, a survey on teacher practices, new analysis of the social benefits of education, new information on long-term unemployment and involuntary part-time work among young adults, and new data on the benefits of education.
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This article describes the introduction of a government-wide policy evaluationsystem that is underway in Japan, exemplified by the policy appraisal-evaluationsystem of the Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry (METI, theformer Ministry of International Trade and Industry). The initiative in METI wasstarted in December 1999, preceding the implementation of a government-widesystem. "Policy evaluation" as a term is not limited, in this
Society at a Glance – Asia/Pacific Edition 2009 offers a concise quantitative overview of social trends and policies across Asia-Pacific economies.
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This article discusses selected historical developments of Japan’s public finance system from 1947 through 2004, then analyses the successful efforts for fiscal consolidation in the 1980s and the unsuccessful attempt in the 1990s. The article concludes with a look at ongoing reform efforts and lessons for the future.