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Levels of alcohol consumption in Japan are slightly below the OECD average and have slightly decreased in the last 20 years. In 2012, an average of 7.2 litres of pure alcohol per capita was consumed in Japan, compared with an estimate of 9.1 litres in the OECD.
La dette publique brute atteint désormais 226 % du PIB. Le vieillissement rapide de la population exerce une pression constante sur les dépenses publiques et pèse sur la croissance potentielle du Japon, en repli aux alentours de 0.75 %.
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Japan is ranked 23rd among the 34 OECD member countries in decreasing order with a tax wedge of 31.9% for an average single worker in 2014 compared with the OECD average of 36.0%.
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Water resources allocation determines who is able to use water resources, how, when and where. Capturing information from 27 OECD countries and key partner economies, the report presents key findings from the OECD Survey of Water Resources Allocation and case studies of successful allocation reform.
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This country note from Going for Growth 2015 for Japan identifies and assesses progress made on key reforms to boost long-term growth, improve competitiveness and productivity and create jobs.
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The global economy continues to run at low speed and many countries, particularly in Europe, seem unable to overcome the legacies of the crisis. With high unemployment, high inequality and low trust still weighing heavily, it is imperative to swiftly implement reforms that boost demand and employment and raise potential growth.
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The tax burden in Japan increased by 0.9 percentage points from 28.6% to 29.5% in 2012. The corresponding figure for the OECD average was an increase of 0.4 percentage points from 33.3% to 33.7%. Japan increased its standard VAT rate from 5% to 8% in April 2014. This standard VAT rate is still one of the lowest in the OECD and well below the OECD average. The average VAT/GST standard rate in the OECD was 19.1% on 1 January 2014.
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Highest life expectancy in Japan has been attained through a series of public health actions and universal health coverage.
Country notes outlining regional variations in health, jobs, safety, environment, access to services, civic engagement, housing, education, income, and employment. These notes are from the OECD publication "How's Life in Your Region?".
Getting regions and cities 'right', adapting policies to the specificities of where people live and work, is vital to improving citizens’ well-being. View the country factsheets from the publication OECD Regional Outlook 2014.