La dette publique brute atteint désormais 226 % du PIB. Le vieillissement rapide de la population exerce une pression constante sur les dépenses publiques et pèse sur la croissance potentielle du Japon, en repli aux alentours de 0.75 %.
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Water resources allocation determines who is able to use water resources, how, when and where. Capturing information from 27 OECD countries and key partner economies, the report presents key findings from the OECD Survey of Water Resources Allocation and case studies of successful allocation reform.
There are now 42 signatories to the OECD Declaration on Green Growth. Lithuania has joined Costa Rica, Colombia, Croatia, Latvia, Morocco, Tunisia, as well as OECD members in having adhered to the declaration. Latest reports are now available on Zambia, Slovak Republic, Slovenia and Korea.
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This country note from Going for Growth 2015 for Japan identifies and assesses progress made on key reforms to boost long-term growth, improve competitiveness and productivity and create jobs.
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The global economy continues to run at low speed and many countries, particularly in Europe, seem unable to overcome the legacies of the crisis. With high unemployment, high inequality and low trust still weighing heavily, it is imperative to swiftly implement reforms that boost demand and employment and raise potential growth.
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The tax burden in Japan increased by 0.9 percentage points from 28.6% to 29.5% in 2012. The corresponding figure for the OECD average was an increase of 0.4 percentage points from 33.3% to 33.7%. Japan increased its standard VAT rate from 5% to 8% in April 2014. This standard VAT rate is still one of the lowest in the OECD and well below the OECD average. The average VAT/GST standard rate in the OECD was 19.1% on 1 January 2014.
À la fin de l’année 2012, le nombre de résidents étrangers au Japon s’élevait à environ 2 033 700, soit 1.6 % de la population totale.
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Highest life expectancy in Japan has been attained through a series of public health actions and universal health coverage.
Country notes outlining regional variations in health, jobs, safety, environment, access to services, civic engagement, housing, education, income, and employment. These notes are from the OECD publication "How's Life in Your Region?".