• 27-July-2018


    Education Policy in Japan - Building Bridges towards 2030

    Japan’s education system is one of the top performers compared to other OECD countries. International assessments have not only demonstrated students' and adults' high level of achievement, but also the fact that socio-economic status has little bearing on academic results. In a nutshell, Japan combines excellence with equity.

    This high performance is based on the priority Japan places on education and on its holistic model of education, which is delivered by highly qualified teachers and supported by the external collaboration of communities and parents. But significant economic, socio-demographic and educational challenges, such as child well-being, teacher workload and the high stakes university exam, question the sustainability of this successful model.

    Policy makers in Japan are not complacent, and as Japan starts implementing its Third Basic Plan for the Promotion of Education (2018-22), they are carefully analysing tomorrow’s threats to Japan’s current success.

    This report aims to highlight the many strengths of Japan’s education system, as well as the challenges it must address to carry out reforms effectively and preserve its holistic model of education. The ultimate goal is to ensure that the education system delivers the best for all students, and that Japanese learners have the knowledge, skills, attitudes and values they need for the 21st century.
  • 16-July-2018


  • 4-July-2018

    Japanese, PDF, 440kb

    Employment Outlook 2018 - Key findings for Japan (in Japanese)


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  • 15-June-2018

    English, PDF, 860kb

    A broken social elevator? Key findings for Japan

    A broken social elevator? Key findings for Japan

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  • 15-June-2018

    Japanese, PDF, 607kb

    A broken social elevator? Key findings for Japan (in Japanese)

    壊れた社会的流動性エレベーター? 社会的流動性を向上させるには 他国と比べて日本は?

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  • 26-April-2018

    English, PDF, 505kb

    Taxing Wages: Key findings for Japan

    Japan had the 24th lowest tax wedge among the 35 OECD member countries in 2017. The country occupied the same position in 2016. The average single worker in Japan faced a tax wedge of 32.6% in 2017 compared with the OECD average of 35.9%.

  • 18-April-2018


    Japan: Promoting Inclusive Growth for an Ageing Society

    Japan has achieved a comparatively high level of well-being: skill levels are high, unemployment is low and life expectancy at birth is the highest in the OECD. Since its launch in 2013, Abenomics has had a positive effect on the economy, and per capita output growth has picked up. However, to achieve inclusive growth and greater well-being, Japan needs to address important challenges to foster fiscal sustainability, narrow the productivity gap with leading OECD countries and manage the demographic transition. A new fiscal plan going beyond achieving a primary surplus should lay out concrete measures to raise revenues and control spending. As Japan’s population ages, using all available talent in the labour market and achieving gender equality are key to overcome labour shortages. Boosting productivity, which has been stagnant, will require increasing returns from R&D, capitalising on the digital economy, fostering the dynamism of SMEs, and reducing barriers to foreign direct investment and trade to promote greater integration into global value chains. Japan’s education system is one of the top performers in the OECD, but there is scope to further invest in teachers and schools. Finally, further action to foster green growth and environmental quality as well as effectively leveraging upcoming international sports events, such as the Rugby World Cup 2019 and the Olympic and Paralympic Games 2020, would also boost local development and inclusive growth. The complementarity of reforms needed to achieve inclusive and sustainable growth in in an aging society makes a compelling case for a comprehensive approach.
  • 6-March-2018


    Measuring Tax Support for R&D and Innovation - country profiles

    The 2017 OECD R&D tax incentive country profiles provide detailed information on the design features and cost of tax provisions used by countries to incentivise R&D performance by businesses, reporting on both long-term and recent trends.

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  • 5-December-2017

    English, PDF, 466kb

    Pensions at a Glance 2017 - Key findings for Japan

    Key findings for Japan from the report "Pensions at a Glance 2017"

  • 23-November-2017

    English, PDF, 336kb

    Revenue Statistics: Key findings for Japan

    The tax-to-GDP ratio in Japan increased by 0.4 percentage points from 30.3% in 2014 to 30.7% in 2015.* The corresponding figures for the OECD average were an increase of 0.1 percentage points from 33.9% to 34.0% over the same period. In 2016 the OECD average was 34.3%.

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