I am delighted to be here today to address the Third Patient Safety Global Ministerial Summit. Let me begin by congratulating the Government of Japan and in particular Minister of Health, Labour and Welfare, Mr. Katsunobu Kato, for hosting this very important conference and for placing patient safety high on the global agenda.
Mr. Angel Gurría, Secretary-General of the OECD, was in Tokyo on an official visit from 11 to 13 April 2018. He held bilateral meetings with Prime Minister Abe as well as with several Ministers and high level Japanese officials.
The OECD/Korea Policy Centre fosters the exchange of technical information and policy experiences relating to the Asia Pacific region in areas such as health statistics, pension reforms and social policy and expenditure.
Japan has already taken some bold and determined steps in recent years to tackle its economic, social and environmental challenges. But broad-based reforms across a range of areas are still needed.
Women represent a vast untapped resource for Japan. Their employment rate in 2014 was fully 18 percentage points below that of men. Closing that gap is particularly urgent for Japan: the total population in Japan has already begun to fall and is projected to decline by almost 25% by 2050. Moreover, the share of the elderly (65+) is projected to rise from around 26% today to almost 40% at mid-century.
English, PDF, 355kb
To achieve greater gender equality in employment and more inclusive growth, Japan needs to change the workplace culture and ensure that the tax and social security systems do not reduce work incentives for second earners in households.
OECD analysis shows that income inequality has been on the rise in most OECD countries since the 1980s, which often means growing exclusion in the labour market, lower intergenerational social mobility, and greater polarisation in educational and health outcomes.
Selon une nouvelle étude publiée par l'OCDE, la crise économique mondiale a eu d’importantes répercussions sur le bien-être des populations, qui s’étendent bien au-delà des suppressions d’emplois et de la perte de revenus puisqu’elles influent sur la satisfaction des individus à l’égard de leur vie et sur leur confiance dans les pouvoirs publics.