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This note presents selected findings based on the set of well-being indicators published in How's Life? 2016.
The tax burden on labour income is expressed by the tax wedge, which is a measure of the net tax burden on labour income borne by the employee and the employer.
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Italy has the 6th highest tax wedge among the 34 OECD member countries in 2015. The country occupied the same position in 2014. The average single worker in Italy faced a tax wedge of 47.9% in 2015 compared with the OECD average of 35.9%.
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Entry to medical education in Italy follows the completion of high-school education and the grades obtained in a national exam, and it is subject to a numerus clausus (i.e., annual quota) set by the Ministry of Education, University and Research. It takes about six years for students to complete the first medical degree.
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In Italy, there are two main categories of nurses requiring a university bachelor’s degree: Registered Nurses (RN) and Registered Paediatric Nurses (RPN). Once a Registered Nurse or a RPN, nurses can pursue further education in the form of a Master’s or Doctoral degree, which is more oriented towards an academic career.
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In 2012, 25% of students in Italy were low performers in mathematics (OECD average: 23%), 20% were low performers in reading (OECD average: 18%), 19% were low performers in science (OECD average: 18%), and 12% were low performers in all three of these subjects (OECD average: 12%).
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This 4-page online document presents the key findings from OECD Pensions at a Glance 2015 and why it is important for Italy. It also identifies two key pension policy measures which would help improve the performance of pension systems in Italy.
The 2015 edition introduces more detailed analysis of participation in early childhood and tertiary levels of education. The report also examines first generation tertiary-educated adults’ educational and social mobility, labour market outcomes for recent graduates, and participation in employer-sponsored formal and/or non-formal education.
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Growth in health spending per capita in real terms has been negative in Italy since 2011, with both public and private health spending showing continuous falls. Cuts in pharmaceutical spending have contributed to reductions in health spending. The rise in the share of the generic market has helped to reduce prices and spending on pharmaceuticals in Italy, but still the generic market share remains relatively low.
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La spesa sanitaria pro-capite in Italia è diminuita in termini reali a partire dal 2011. La diminuzione ha interessato sia la spesa pubblica che quella privata. La riduzione della spesa sanitaria è stata in parte il risultato di tagli alla spesa farmaceutica.