Le processus d’examen par les pairs, qui est unique à l’OCDE, a permis d’améliorer les politiques publiques. Les examens évaluent comment les pays gèrent la conception, l’adoption et la mise en œuvre des réglementations en fonction d’un cadre conceptuel.
En 2009-10, 14 régions dans 11 pays ont été soumises à l'examen de l'OCDE sur l'enseignement supérieur dans le développement régional.
The Marche region is one of the most industrialised regions in Italy and is considered a region of excellence. This report provides advice on how to further strengthen and restructure the economy of the Marche region through the use of appropriate SME and entrepreneurship policies.
Apulia is recognised as one of southern Italy‘s most dynamic regions.This report intends to provide a discussion of issues related to tourism and local development in Apulia region and aims to assist the Regional Government of Apulia and in reviewing policies and assets of the Region.
Messaggio di benvenuto di Angel Gurría, OECD Secretary-General
Welcoming remarks by Angel Gurría, OECD Secretary-General
This OECD review of risk management policies focuses on the Italian civil protection system and its means to prepare for and react to earthquakes, floods, tsunamis, landslides and even volcanoes.
The study of Apulia aims to review policies and assets of the Region, so to provide recommendations and guidance to: (i) implement new sustainable tourism development strategies;(ii) strengthen the value of Apulia destination’s sites proposition;(iii) foster skills and capacities at local level.
This Review of Venice, Italy, offers a comprehensive assessment of the city-region’s economy and the extent to which its land use, labour market and environmental policies embrace a metropolitan vision. A new understanding of the provinces of Padua, Treviso and Venice as an interconnected city-region of 2.6 million people guides this study. Venice ranks as among the most dynamic and productive city-regions in the OECD, with high employment levels and growth rates. Though it has thrived on a model of small firms and industrial clusters, it is undergoing a deep economic transformation. Venice confronts growing environmental challenges as a result of rising traffic congestion and costly infrastructure pressures, exacerbated by sprawl. Demographics are also changing, due to ageing inhabitants, immigrant settlement and the rapid depopulation of the historic city of Venice.
This report offers a comparative analysis of these issues, utilising the OECD’s metropolitan database to benchmark productivity and growth. It draws on regional economics, urban planning, transportation studies and hydrology to throw light on the changes within the city-region. In light of planned inter-city rail extensions, the Review calls for programmes to increase economic synergies between Venice and its neighbours. It evaluates key tools for promoting economic growth and metropolitan governance and proposes enhanced co-ordination of land use policies, additional business development services for small and medium-sized businesses, and the enlargement of university-linked innovation. Given frequent flooding, the report appraises the quality of metropolitan water governance and Venice’s potential to become a powerful reference for climate change adaptation.
In his speech for the release of the OECD-FAO Agriculture Outlook in Rome, Italy, Angel Gurría said that the macroeconomic prospects underlying it are more favourable, supply response has been strong, stocks are healthier and most of the ad hoc restrictions on agricultural exports have been lifted.