This paper analyses the reform undertaken by Iceland to avert a looming crisis and restore fish stocks to sustainable levels; and outlines the process involved in designing and implementing this reform. It also reflects on the challenges encountered and the environmental, economic and social impacts of the reform. This country study draws on the OECD report "The Political Economy of Biodiversity Policy Reform".
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The tax-to-GDP ratio in Iceland decreased by 0.3 percentage points, from 36.7% in 2015 to 36.4% in 2016. The corresponding figures for the OECD average were an increase of 0.3 percentage points from 34.0% to 34.3% over the same period.
These notes present selected country highlights from the OECD Science, Technology and Industry Scoreboard 2017 with a specific focus on digital trends among all themes covered.
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This note presents selected findings based on the set of well-being indicators published in How's Life? 2017.
En Islande, le tourisme connaît un formidable essor. Le nombre de touristes visitant le pays chaque année a quadruplé entre 2010 et 2016 et tout indique que ce dynamisme va se poursuivre. De fait, le secteur du tourisme, qui est aujourd’hui la principale source de recettes d’exportations, crée également des emplois et voit se multiplier les créations d’entreprises.
Étude économique de l'Islande 2017
Iceland is the OECD's fastest growing economy. It has made a remarkable turnaround from the crisis, helped by booming tourism, prudent economic policies and a favourable external environment. Iceland has an egalitarian society with strong trade unions, very low inequality and high gender balance. Nevertheless, as a very small open economy Iceland is prone to boom and bust cycles. Prudent fiscal and monetary policy are warranted in the current economic boom.
The spectacular growth in tourist numbers has provided new jobs, boosted tax revenues and attracted currency inflows, but there are some growing pains with social pressures emerging. Growing tourist numbers are putting pressure on the environment, infrastructure and housing. Furthermore, the strengthening króna has created difficulties for other internationally-exposed sectors.
Iceland is the most highly unionised OECD country and the wage-bargaining system has contributed to high living standards and an inclusive society. Nevertheless, recent disruptive strikes and high wage awards have intensified inflationary pressures and threaten competiveness. Fostering trust among the social partners and increasing wage coordination would make collective bargaining more effective and help sustain the benefits of the system for future generations.
SPECIAL FEATURES: SUSTAINABLE TOURISM; EFFECTIVE LABOUR RELATIONS
This review assesses the performance of Iceland, including looking at how Iceland works in its three partner countries and on key priority issues such as gender, health, education and renewable energy.
Iceland joined the Development Assistance Committee in 2013. This is its first peer review.
D’après un nouveau rapport de l’OCDE, l’Islande se démarque des autres donneurs par son engagement à soutenir les pays les plus pauvres et à mettre ses compétences au service de domaines tels que les énergies renouvelables, la régénération des sols et l’égalité hommes-femmes dans le cadre de programmes d’aide.