L’Irlande devrait simplifier son régime de retraite et le rendre plus équitable afin que chacun perçoive des revenus suffisants lui assurant un niveau de vie décent à la retraite, selon un nouveau rapport de l’OCDE.
Education Policy Outlook reviews the current context and situation of the country’s education system and examine its challenges and policy responses.
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This policy profile on education in Ireland is part of the new Education Policy Outlook series, which will present comparative analysis of education policies and reforms across OECD countries. Building on the substantial comparative and sectorial policy knowledge base available within the OECD, the series will result in a biannual publication (first volume in 2014).
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Education at a Glance 2012: Key facts - Ireland
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Ireland’s workers suffered badly during the economic and financial crisis. The unemployment rate more than tripled from 4.6% in Q1 2007 to its peak of 15.1% in Q4 2011. The situation was even more drastic for 15-24 year olds. The youth unemployment rate rose from 8.8% to just over 31% in the first half of 2012, with a substantial increase in the number of youth not working and not in education or training.
The IEA's 2012 review of Ireland's energy policies and programmes finds that Ireland has suffered a significant economic downturn, but remains committed to its ambitious energy targets to bring the country towards a low-carbon economy. Ireland’s location at the edge of the Atlantic Ocean ensures one of the best wind and ocean resources in Europe, and Ireland has set the ambitious target of producing 40% of its electricity from renewable sources by 2020.
Ireland is highly dependent on imported oil and gas. While the push to develop renewable energies is commendable, this will result in an increased reliance on natural gas, as gas-fired power plants will be required to provide flexibility in electricity supply when wind power is unavailable. With two-thirds of Ireland’s electricity already coming from gas-fired generation, this poses concerns with regard to gas security, particularly as 93% of its gas supplies come from a single transit point in Scotland. In order to meet Ireland’s ambitious renewable targets and improve the island’s level of energy security, the country must successfully develop a range of gas and electricity infrastructure projects and market solutions while continuing to integrate its energy markets with regional neighbours.
Ireland also has a pro-active energy efficiency policy, including a detailed National Energy Efficiency Action Plan outlining 90 measures and actions to be implemented in order to achieve the target of 20% energy savings in 2020.This review analyses the energy-policy challenges currently facing Ireland, and provides sectoral studies and recommendations for the further policy improvements. It is intended to help guide the country towards a more secure and sustainable energy future.
Notice biographique du Représentant permanent d'Irlande auprès de l'OCDE.
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This project is organized to make the most of the OECD’s strengths—to provide a framework through which governments can compare experiences, seek responses to tackle common problems, and identify and share good practices.
La crise bancaire irlandaise, l’une des plus graves de la zone OCDE, et la récession qui l’a accompagnée ont lourdement pesé sur les finances publiques.
Après une récession d’une exceptionnelle gravité, l’économie irlandaise connaît une reprise tirée par les exportations. Néanmoins, le rythme de cette reprise est très variable d’un secteur à l’autre.