Working Papers


  • 10-February-2016

    English

    The legal framework applicable to joint interpretive agreements of investment treaties

    Most investment treaties do not expressly address joint interpretations and thus leave the issue to more general rules. This paper addresses the general legal framework applicable to joint agreements by treaty parties about the interpretation of treaties. It outlines key concepts and distinctions, and considers effects on third parties.

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  • 10-December-2015

    English

    Currency-based measures targeting banks - Balancing national regulation of risk and financial openness

    This paper reviews currency-based measures (CBMs) directed at banks in 49 countries between 2005 and 2013. These measures apply a discrimination, such as less favourable treatment, on the basis of the currency of an operation, typically foreign currencies. The new data shows that CBMs have been increasingly used in the post-crisis period, including for macro-prudential purposes.

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  • 16-January-2015

    English, PDF, 912kb

    Investment Treaties over Time - Treaty Practice and Interpretation in a Changing World, International Investment Working Paper 2015/2

    Investment treaty law reflects a permanent tension between stability and flexibility. Stability nurtures predictability, while flexibility helps legal systems stay in alignment with changing circumstances and evolving needs. This paper establishes an inventory of the mechanisms in investment treaty law that provide flexibility and surveys relevant treaty practice.

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  • 14-January-2015

    English, PDF, 994kb

    The Policy Landscape for International Investment by Government-controlled Investors: A Fact Finding Survey, International Investment Working Paper 2015/1

    Government-controlled investors, including state-owned enterprises and sovereign wealth funds, have greatly expanded their international activities in recent years. This paper describes the existing policy landscape of international investments by government-controlled investors under both national and international frameworks.

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  • 6-November-2014

    English

    Public Financial Institutions and the Low-carbon Transition: Five Case Studies on Low-Carbon Infrastructure and Project Investment - Environment Working Paper

    Public financial institutions (PFIs) are well-positioned to act as a key leverage point for governments’ efforts to mobilise private investment in low-carbon projects and infrastructure. This study identifies the tools, instruments and approaches used by five PFIs to directly support and scale-up domestic private sector investment in sustainable transport, energy-efficiency and renewable energy in OECD countries.

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  • 16-October-2014

    English

    Inducing Private Finance for Renewable Energy Projects: Evidence from Micro-Data - Environment Working Paper

    This paper analyses the effects of government policies on flows of private finance for investment in renewable energy. It also examines whether direct provision of public finance for a project increases the volume of private finance raised. The analysis covers 87 countries, six renewable energy sectors (wind, solar, biomass, small hydropower, marine and geothermal).

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  • 10-October-2014

    English, PDF, 903kb

    Investment Treaties and Shareholder Claims: Analysis of Treaty Practice, International Investment Working Paper 2014/3

    This paper analyses investment treaty provisions relating to shareholder claims. It addresses (i) treaty regimes for shareholder recovery and company recovery of damages; (ii) the interaction of reflective loss claims with treaty provisions that seek to limit multiple claims; and (iii) treaty provisions applicable to government objections to shareholder claims for reflective loss.

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  • 23-juillet-2014

    Français

    Documents de travail de l'OCDE sur l’investissement international

    La série des documents de travail sur l’investissement international, qui portent notamment sur les politiques et tendances ainsi que sur les implications plus larges de l’activité des entreprises multinationales, est destinée à mettre à la disposition d’un large lectorat un certain nombre d’études

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  • 23-July-2014

    English

    Investment Treaties and Shareholder Claims for Reflective Loss: Insights from Advanced Systems of Corporate Law, International Investment Working Paper 2014/2

    This paper examines shareholder claims for reflective loss under investment treaties in light of comparative analysis of advanced systems of corporate law; considers the impact of allowing shareholder claims for reflective loss on key characteristics of the business corporation; and explores possible responses by different categories of investors to the availability of shareholder claims for reflective loss under investment treaties.

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  • 23-July-2014

    English

    Investment Treaty Law, Sustainable Development and Responsible Business Conduct: A Fact Finding Survey, International Investment Working Paper 2014/1

    Investment treaties are often thought to be silent on investors’ responsibilities to host societies and on their contributions to sustainable development. This paper establishes a factual and statistical basis for understanding the relationship between investment treaty law and governments’ ability to advance the sustainable development agenda and promote responsible business conduct.

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