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In the first half of 2016, global FDI flows decreased by 5%, as compared to the second half of 2015, to USD 793 billion but remain above half-year trends observed in 2013 and 2014. In Q1 2016, FDI flows rose to USD 513 billion due to large flows in the United States and, to a lesser extent, in the United Kingdom after Royal Dutch Shell bought British Gas. FDI flows then decreased 46% to USD 279 billion in the second quarter.
Cette page contient toutes les informations se rapportant à la mise en oeuvre de la Convention de l’OCDE sur la lutte contre la corruption en Estonie.
For over 50 years, the Code has provided a balanced framework for countries to progressively remove unnecessary barriers to the movement of capital, while providing flexibility to cope with situations of economic and financial instability. In March 2016, adhering countries adopted terms of reference for a review of the Code with a view to strengthening it and ensuring its continued relevance.
The 2017 edition of the Latin American Economic Outlook explores youth, skills and entrepreneurship. Young Latin Americans embody the region’s promise and perils. They stand at the crossroads of a region whose once promising economy and social progress are now undergoing a slowdown. The Outlook identifies potential strategies and policy responses to help Latin America and the Caribbean revive economic growth. While development can stem from different sources, skills and entrepreneurship can empower youth to develop knowledge-intensive economic activities, boost productivity and transform the region’s politics as they transition successfully from the world of school to the world of productive work and create that future they seek. The report highlights valuable experiences and best practices in these fields and proposes strategies to allow Latin America to consolidate long-term growth while assuring continuity in the social agenda.
The Anti-Bribery Policy and Compliance Guidance for African Companies is a practical, concise guide to help African companies set up measures to stop the supply side of bribes to public officials in business transactions and support both the public and private sectors in their efforts to prevent bribery and improve the quality of corporate compliance and bribery prevention measures.
Since the beginning of China’s economic transformation in the early 1970s, investment has been a key driver of China’s growth and has contributed to substantial improvements in living standards. Over three decades of average annual GDP growth of 10%, disposable incomes have soared, lifting hundreds of millions of people out of extreme poverty. The share of the population living in extreme poverty has declined from above 90% in the early 1980s to less than 10% today. However, this growth model is no longer sustainable. Returns on investment have declined, although they are still higher than those of the Asian Tigers. Excess capacity is plaguing several sectors, and negative externalities have been onerous, notably in terms of environmental degradation and income inequality. A key objective of the 13th Five-Year Plan (2016-2020) is therefore to move the economy towards a path of more balanced, sustainable and inclusive growth.
As part of its work to implement the OECD Guidelines for Multinational Enterprises, the OECD produces country reports that examine the role of responsible business conduct in building healthy business environments.
The government of the Viet Nam, in partnership with the OECD and ASEAN, is undertaking a review of its investment policies as part of an active programme of investment policy reforms to make the country a more attractive destination for investors.
L'OCDE et la FAO ont élaboré ce Guide pour aider les entreprises à respecter les standards existants de conduite responsable des entreprises et à exercer leur devoir de diligence dans les filières agricoles afin que leurs activités contribuent à un développement durable. Le Guide comprend :
• Un modèle de politique d’entreprise qui présente le contenu des standards existants à observer pour bâtir des filières agricoles responsables.
• Un cadre pour l’exercice du devoir de diligence basé sur les risques qui décrit les cinq étapes que les entreprises doivent suivre pour identifier, évaluer et atténuer les impacts négatifs de leurs activités et pour rendre compte de la manière dont elles y répondent.
• Une description des principaux risques auxquels les entreprises sont confrontées et des mesures d’atténuation de ces risques.
• Des orientations concernant l’engagement des peuples autochtones.
This study examines the multi-level governance framework for public investment in Colombia. It provides a diagnosis of the strengths and challenges of the Colombian system and includes comparative data and a set of benchmarks to promote exchange of good practices and promote learning. It makes recommendations for how to further improve the system, make more effective use of existing resources and catch up to OECD countries in terms of infrastructure development . The review also suggests a set of indicators against which Colombia can measure its progress.