One case of transnational corruption out of five occurs in the extractive sector according to the 2014 OECD Foreign Bribery Report. In this area, corruption has become increasingly complex and sophisticated affecting each stage of the extractive value chain with potential huge revenue losses for the public coffers. This report is intended to help policy makers, law enforcement officials and stakeholders strengthen prevention efforts at both the public and private levels, through improved understanding and enhanced awareness of corruption risk and mechanisms. It will help better tailoring responses to evolving corruption patterns and effectively countering adaptive strategies. The report also offers options to put a cost on corruption to make it less attractive at both the public and private levels.
Travaux de l’OCDE visant à relever les principaux défis associés au financement des mesures de lutte contre le changement climatique. Lire notre récent rapport sur les banques d'investissement verts (Green Investment Banks).
This report presents recommendations on the reform of economic instruments for water resources management in Kyrgyzstan, specifically on tariffs for urban water supply and sanitation (WSS) and irrigation water, pollution charges, surface water abstraction charges for enterprises (consumptive and non-consumptive uses), specific land tax rates for the Issyk-Kul biosphere reserve, as well as taxes and customs duty on products contributing to water pollution. For each instrument, alternative reform options are identified and assessed, and preferred options put forward, with an action plan.
Cette page contient toutes les informations se rapportant à la mise en oeuvre de la Convention de l’OCDE sur la lutte contre la corruption en Slovénie.
A critical dimension of the 'low-growth trap’ is a lack of investment. Weak investment is undermining productivity growth and lowering potential output by holding back capital deepening and hindering the pace at which innovation is embodied in plant and equipment.
Français, PDF, 1,540kb
Les organisations terroristes ont recours à la corruption aussi bien pour financer que pour perpétrer des actes de terrorisme. La présente brochure analyse les mécanismes selon lesquels la corruption et l’exploitation criminelle des ressources naturelles favorisent le terrorisme. Elle jette les bases d’une réflexion et d’un dialogue entre les pays résolus à éradiquer le terrorisme.
English, PDF, 2,446kb
This report covers the activities undertaken to promote the effective implementation of the OECD Guidelines for Multinational Enterprises by governments and National Contact Points from July 2014 to December 2015.
Regulators operate in a complex environment at the interface among public authorities, the private sector and end-users. As “referees” of the markets that provide water, energy, transport, communications, and financial services to citizens, they must balance competing wants and needs from different actors. This means that they must behave and act objectively, impartially, and consistently, without conflict of interest, bias or undue influence - in other words, independently. What distinguishes an independent regulator is not simply institutional design. Independence is also about finding the right balance between the appropriate and undue influence that can be exercised through the regulators’ daily interactions with ministries, regulated industries and end-users. This report identifies the critical points where undue influence can be exercised at different moments in the life of a regulator and discusses some of the avenues for developing a culture of independence, including through interactions with stakeholders, staffing and financing.
Depuis sa création, l’OCDE est à la pointe des efforts pour définir des "règles du jeu" internationales en matière de mouvements de capitaux, d’investissement international et d'échanges de services. Les pays adhérents ont institué des disciplines pour eux-mêmes et pour les entreprises multinationales en définissant des instruments juridiques que les pays adhérents s’engagent à respecter.
Investment can help raise standards of living through job creation, skills and technology development, and distribution of wealth. Achieving these impacts, however, depends on the quality of the investment as much as the quantity. This chapter from the 2016 Development Co-operation Report discusses how responsible business conduct can directly contribute to achieving the SDGs, while also being good for business.