English, PDF, 308kb
Governments are the largest consumers in the global marketplace through the acquisition of goods, services and works to carry out their functions and to deliver services to citizens. This note sets a basis for reflection and discussion on the benefits and challenges of integrating RBC standards in public procurement.
English, PDF, 356kb
Policy coherence is crucial to ensure effective design and implementation of policies to promote responsible business conduct, including corporate respect of human rights. This note sets a basis for reflection and discussion on lessons learned from national action plans on business and human rights.
English, PDF, 253kb
Economic diplomacy, which refers to government services and support provided to business in foreign markets, has the potential to create incentives for business to behave responsibly. This note sets a basis for reflection and discussion on how responsible business conduct standards can be embedded in economic diplomacy.
On 20 June 2017, Kazakhstan became the 48th country to adhere to the OECD Declaration on International Investment and Multinational Enterprises. Adherence signals Kazakhstan's commitment to provide a fair and transparent environment for international investment and willingness to encourage the positive contribution investment can make to economic, environmental and social progress.
This review, which was prepared in response to Kazakhstan's 2012 request to adhere to the Declaration on International Investment and Multinational Enterprises (OECD Declaration), analyses the general framework for investment as well as most recent reforms, and shows where further efforts are necessary. It assesses Kazakhstan’s ability to comply with the principles of openness, transparency and non-discrimination and its policy convergence with the OECD Declaration, including responsible business conduct practices. Capitalising on the OECD Policy Framework for Investment, this review studies other policy areas that are of key relevance to investment such as SME policy, infrastructure development, trade policy as well as anti-corruption efforts. Since the first review of Kazakhstan, in 2012, the authorities have made strides in opening the country to international investment and in improving the policy framework for investment as part of their efforts to diversify the economy to avoid continued overreliance on oil. Additional policy measures are nevertheless required to create a stimulating environment for investment if the government wants to fulfil its goal of economic diversification and sustainable development.
The Guidance is intended to offer host governments the tools they need to assemble and manage a multidisciplinary team, and engage effectively in extractive contract negotiations. The Guidance aims to help governments to put in place recommended processes and identify the skills that governments may need to prepare for and conduct effective contract negotiations. This Guidance further suggests ways to ensure coordination within government and better integration between government officials and expert advisers. Annexed to this Guidance is a Terms of Reference Template that governments may use to recruit and to monitor external advisers engaged during extractive contract negotiations. The Template can also be utilised by support providers who recruit external advisers on behalf of governments for the same purpose. While recognising that human and institutional capacity building is a long-term endeavour, the Guidance suggests, wherever possible, practical ways to capture and retain the necessary soft and technical skills for successful negotiations.
The 2017 edition addresses some forces influencing economic developments that have contributed to recent surprises in elections and referendums. It focuses on ways to enhance “fairness”, in the sense of strengthening global governance to ensure a level playing field in trade, investment and corporate behaviour, through the setting and better enforcement of global standards.
Français, PDF, 1,785kb
Ce document présente les points saillants de l’édition 2017 des Perspectives qui est centrée sur les moyens de parvenir à une meilleure « équité », à savoir de renforcer la gouvernance mondiale pour instaurer des règles du jeu équitables en matière de commerce, d’investissement et de conduite des entreprises, en définissant des normes internationales et en les faisant mieux respecter.
Drawing on data presented in the 2017 OECD Business and Finance Outlook, this article looks at some of the forces influencing recent economic developments and asks what can be done to ensure a “fairer” global economy.
The OECD Business and Finance Outlook is an annual publication that presents unique data and analysis that looks at what might affect and change, both favourably and unfavourably, tomorrow’s world of business, finance and investment. Using analysis from a wide range of perspectives, this year’s edition addresses some forces influencing economic developments that have contributed to recent surprises in elections and referendums. A common theme of these surprises has been voter discontent with globalisation and immigration that are perceived to be causes of unemployment and falling living standards for substantial segments of society in a number of OECD countries. This Outlook’s focus is on ways to enhance “fairness”, in the sense of strengthening global governance, to ensure a level playing field in trade, investment and corporate behaviour, through the setting and better enforcement of global standards. A brief review of important developments contributing to post-war globalisation is provided and a number of policy domains are covered. These include exchange rates and capital account management, financial regulation since the global financial crisis, the rising weight of state-owned enterprises in the world economy, competition policy to deal with international cartels, the cost of raising capital, responsible business conduct and bribery and corruption.