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  • 4-avril-2019

    Français

    Femmes et réseaux marchands en Afrique de l’Ouest

    Les femmes contribuent largement à l’économie alimentaire de l’Afrique de l’Ouest, perpétuant une longue tradition de commerce et participant aux échanges frontaliers et au rayonnement régional. Ces activités se heurtent à de nombreux obstacles mais présentent de fortes opportunités, que le rapport souligne par une analyse relationnelle et spatiale inédite des réseaux sociaux. Celle-ci est conduite au niveau de la filière du riz dans la zone du Dendi (Bénin, Niger et Nigéria) et des réseaux de gouvernance régionaux promouvant l’entrepreneuriat féminin. Le rapport confirme l’effet attracteur du Nigéria porté par sa démographie et son urbanisation croissante. Il propose le développement de politiques publiques innovantes fondées sur le renforcement du capital social féminin et des options politiques pour une meilleure intégration des diverses initiatives entreprises par les États, les organisations internationales et non gouvernementales en matière d’autonomisation et de renforcement de la résilience des femmes.
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  • 3-April-2019

    English

    Business Models for the Circular Economy - Opportunities and Challenges for Policy

    Natural resources, and the materials derived from them, represent the physical basis for the economic system. Recent decades have witnessed an unprecedented growth in demand for these resources, which has triggered interest from policy makers in transitioning to a more resource efficient and circular economy. This report presents a typology of five circular business models that could support the transition to a more resource efficient and circular economy: circular supply, resource recovery, product life extension, sharing, and product service system models. It reviews the current market penetration and assesses the potential scalability of each business model. Environmental potential is also discussed, as well as risks and unintended consequences that could result from a more widespread adoption of these business models. The report provides a broad set of policy approaches that could help alleviate some of the barriers that currently hinder the widespread adoption of circular business models.
  • 19-March-2019

    English

    Smart Use of Roads

    This report considers the innovative use of existing infrastructure and the adoption of emerging digital technologies to optimise the use of road capacity. It focuses on using big data to identify the traffic bottlenecks in real-time and manage peak demand with innovative measures at the local and network levels. The report examines the effectiveness and efficiency of a range of instruments for active traffic demand management and also considers application issues. It includes a review of the latest road pricing technologies used in several Asian cities.
  • 11-March-2019

    English

    Conference on investment treaties and level playing fields

    Paris, 11 March 2019 - Calls for a level playing field are a growing challenge for trade and investment treaty policy makers. Debates at the 5th annual OECD Investment Treaty Conference focused on how level playing field concerns interact with investment policy.

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  • 7-March-2019

    English

    Conference on gender equality in business

    7 March 2019, Paris - The OECD is committed to promoting gender equality as a strong driver of economic development, inclusivity and socio-economic participation. On the occasion of International Women’s day, the OECD annual conference on gender equality for business will welcome senior decision-makers from the public and corporate worlds, experts, academics and stakeholders.

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  • 1-March-2019

    English

    The determinants of foreign Direct Investment - Do statutory restrictions matter?

    This paper sheds light on their potential costs in terms of foregone investments. Applying an augmented gravity model, covering 60 advanced and emerging countries over the period 1997–2016, it estimates the elasticity of bilateral FDI positions and cross-border M&A activity to FDI restrictions as measured by the OECD FDI Regulatory Restrictiveness Index.

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  • 27-February-2019

    English, PDF, 1,713kb

    OECD Guidelines for Multinational Enterprises National Contact Point Peer Reviews: United States

    This document is the peer review report of the US National Contact Point (US NCP) for the OECD Guidelines for Multinational Enterprises (Guidelines). The implementation procedures of the Guidelines require NCPs to operate in accordance with the core criteria of visibility, accessibility, transparency and accountability.

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  • 27-February-2019

    English, PDF, 2,275kb

    OECD Guidelines for Multinational Enterprises National Contact Point Peer Reviews: Canada

    This document is the peer review report of the Canadian National Contact Point (NCP) for the OECD Guidelines for Multinational Enterprises (the Guidelines). The implementation procedures of the Guidelines require NCPs to operate in accordance with the core criteria of visibility, accessibility, transparency and accountability.

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  • 27-February-2019

    English, PDF, 1,784kb

    OECD Guidelines for Multinational Enterprises National Contact Point Peer Reviews: Austria

    This document is the peer review report of the Austrian National Contact Point (NCP) for the OECD Guidelines for Multinational Enterprises (the Guidelines). The implementation procedures of the Guidelines require NCPs to operate in accordance with the core criteria of visibility, accessibility, transparency and accountability.

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  • 26-February-2019

    English

    International investment in Southeast Asia

    ASEAN-OECD Investment Programme fosters dialogue and experience sharing between OECD members and ASEAN member states to enhance the investment climate in the region.

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