Haut débit et télécoms

Politiques et gouvernance de l'Internet


The Internet is a fundamental infrastructure with a still largely untapped potential to address a wide array of economic and social challenges. Its open and decentralised design means that this potential is accessible to all. Bringing evidence-based analysis on the economic dimensions of the open Internet, including its impact on productivity, jobs and growth, the OECD’s long-standing work aims to help governments develop policies to make the digital transformation work for the benefit of all.

>> Learn more about the cross-cutting OECD Going Digital project.

>> Reports on Internet governance


OECD at the Internet Governance Forum 2017


IGF 2017: Share your digital future! (18-21 December 2017, Geneva, Switzerland)

The OECD participated in several events at the IGF and organised the following panels:

  • OECD Open Forum on the Going Digital Project: Making the Transformation Work for Growth and Well-being
  • AI: Intelligent Machines, Smart Policies
  • Policy and technology approaches for expanding broadband to rural and remote areas

>> Watch the replays

>> OECD at earlier IGF events


Internet Policy Making Principles

internet governance forum logo

>> Principles booklet (pdf)

The OECD Recommendation on Internet Policy Making Principles was adopted amid concerns that the openness of the Internet—which has stimulated innovation, delivered economic and societal benefits, and given voice to democratic aspirations—was at risk. Aimed to preserve the fundamental open nature of the Internet while protecting privacy, security, children online, intellectual property and the free flow of information, the principles strengthen international co-operation and support a flexible, multi-stakeholder approach to Internet policy making, rather than an international regulatory approach. The principles are:

1. Promote and protect the global free flow of information 
2. Promote the open, distributed and interconnected nature of the Internet 
3. Promote investment and competition in high speed networks and services 
4. Promote and enable the cross-border delivery of services 
5. Encourage multi-stakeholder co-operation in policy development processes 
6. Foster voluntarily developed codes of conduct 
7. Develop capacities to bring publicly available, reliable data into the policy making process 
8. Ensure transparency, fair process, and accountability 
9. Strengthen consistency and effectiveness in privacy protection at a global level 
10. Maximise individual empowerment 
11. Promote creativity and innovation 
12. Limit Internet intermediary liability 
13. Encourage co-operation to promote Internet security 
14. Give appropriate priority to enforcement efforts




IGF 2016: Enabling Inclusive and Sustainable Growth (Guadelajara, Mexico)

Panels organised by the OECD:


IGF 2015: Evolution of Internet Governance: Empowering Sustainable Development (João Pessoa, Brazil)

Panels organised by the OECD:

  • OECD Open Forum: Digital Economy for Innovation, Growth and Social Prosperity – towards the 2016 OECD Ministerial Description | Video
  • Managing security risks for sustainable development Description | Video
  • Connected vehicles: net governance and autonomous transport Description | Video


IGF 2014: Connecting Continents for Enhanced Multistakeholder Internet Governance (Istanbul, Turkey)

Panels organised by the OECD:

  • OECD Open Forum: The Economics of an Open Internet
  • Policies and practices to enable the Internet of Things
  • Preserving a Universal Internet: The Costs of Fragmentation 
  • Internet and Jobs: Creative Destruction or Destructive Creation?


IGF 2013 (Bali, Indonesia)

The OECD organised an Open Forum on “Policy frameworks for trust in the Internet economy: updating OECD guidelines on privacy and security” and a workshop on “An open Internet platform for economic growth and innovation”. More information on IGF 2013 here.


IGF 2012 (Baku, Azerbaijan)

The OECD organised an Open Forum on ““Promoting policies for the Internet economy: Discussion of the most recent OECD Recommendations” and workshops on “Inclusive innovation for development: The contribution of the Internet and related ICTs” and “Measuring the economic and social impact of the Internet to inform policymaking”. More information on IGF 2012 here.


IGF 2011 (Nairobi, Kenya)

The OECD organised an Open Forum on “Principles for an Open Internet” and workshops on “M-government for Effective and Inclusive Public Services" and on ”The Relationship between Local Content, Internet Development and Access Prices”. >> More about IGF 2011


IGF 2010 (Vilnius, Lithuania)

The OECD organised workshops on ““How to measure communication and media in digital converging era”, “Cloud computing for leaner and greener IT infrastructures in governments (and businesses)” and “The Role of Internet Intermediaries in Advancing Public Policy Objectives”. >> More about IGF 2010


IGF 2009 (Sharm El Sheikh, Egypt)

The OECD organised an Open Forum on “The Importance of Internet Access and Openness for a Sustainable Economic Recovery” and workshops on “Global ICT services sourcing post-crisis: trends and development", “Expanding access to the Internet and broadband for development”, and on “Using ICTs and the Internet to meet environmental challenges”. >> More about IGF 2009


The OECD also participated in the IGF 2008 (Hyderabad, India), IGF 2007 (Rio de Janeiro, Brazil) and the inaugural IGF 2006 (Athens, Greece).

Reports on Internet governance

One Internet

On the eve of the OECD's third internet-related Ministerial Meeting, held in June 2016 in Cancun, Mexico, the Global Commission on Internet Governance (GCIG) published a report on “One Internet”. Calling for a new “social compact” for the internet, the 140-page report that was fed by 50 research studies has a number of recommendations.

At the report launch, OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría commented:

"Getting Internet governance right has never been more pressing. In the past few years, we have benefited significantly from the expansion of the Internet, the most powerful information system the world has yet seen. But this outstanding evolution has brought new challenges that we must address, collectively, if we want to keep an accessible, inclusive, secure and trustworthy Internet. That is precisely what this report and this Ministerial are about. Count on the OECD to help achieve these goals and develop better digital policies for a better world."
>> Read full remarks


Other reports

The issues related to internet governance are broad and involve infrastructure, security, stability, privacy, intellectual property rights, national sovereignty (country domain names for example), etc. These issues have potentially wide-ranging social, economic and security implications. Select a theme:

Telecom and Internet  |  Consumer protection  |  E-government and taxation  |  Taxation 

See also: OECD Input to the UN Working Group on Internet Governance (pdf, 2005)



Documents connexes


Also AvailableEgalement disponible(s)