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In very simple terms, smart specialisation suggests that countries or regions should identify and select a limited number of priority areas for knowledge-based investments, focusing on strengths and comparative advantages. This report uses case studies to illustrate how smart specialisation can be used to design better public policies for boosting innovation-driven growth in OECD regions. It also examines governance and evaluation.
This report describes recent trends in government and institutional level policies to enhance the transfer and exploitation of public research. It also benchmarks a set of countries, universities and public research institutions based on both traditional and new indicators.
This report examines cross-border collaboration on innovation, building on case studies of cross-border areas that include the following countries: Finland, Sweden, Norway, Estonia, Denmark, Germany, Netherlands, Belgium, United Kingdom and Ireland.
In many OECD countries, investment in intangible assets is growing rapidly. In some cases this investment matches or exceeds investment in traditional capital such as machinery, equipment and buildings.
Chile has been very successful in turning its natural resource endowments into a generator of growth and modernisation. However, its mining regions, including Antofagasta, face the challenge of developing a critically important primary sector in a manner that contributes to both economic growth and broader measures of well-being. Antofagasta's long term sustainability goals include a more diversified economic base, supported by a city that is lived in for its high quality of life and the opportunities it offers. To achive this, it will need to make the most of its natural endowments, improve the city's physical attractiveness and ensure better urban policy outcomes. It will also require regional and local actors to act in a strategic and innovative manner. This study focuses on economic diversification, urbanism and governance in the city of Antofagasta. Consideration is given to: economic and socio-economic trends such as those associated with labour markets and skills, as well as quality of life factors; opportunities for specialisation, diversification and innovation within and beyond the mining cluster, including throught its port network; urban policy challenges especially in land use, waste management, environment and public transport; and to the role of public governance in helping the city realise its economic and quality of life objectives.
Start-ups are gaining momentum in Latin America's innovation strategies. Start-up Latin America: Promoting Innovation in the Region analyses the role of policies in promoting the creation and expansion of start-ups. It provides a comparative snapshot of recent initiatives in six countries in the region to identify good practices and foster knowledge sharing to improve innovation policy design and implementation.
Publiées tous les deux ans, les Perspectives des communications de l’OCDE présentent un large éventail d’indicateurs du développement des différents réseaux de communications et compare les indicateurs de performances tels que les recettes, les investissements, l’emploi et les prix des services dans la zone OCDE.
Knowledge networks and markets comprise the wide array of mechanisms and institutions facilitating the creation, exchange, dissemination and utilisation of knowledge in its multiple forms. This report provides new evidence on the knowledge-sourcing strategies of firms and their role in shaping innovation activities, according to different characteristics, and their impact on performance.
Ce rapport examine les tendances récentes en matière de systèmes d'innovation agricole (SIA) et étudie l'impact d'un large éventail de politiques relatives à la création et à la diffusion de l'innovation dans le secteur agricole et agroalimentaire. Il suggère un cadre pour l'analyse du rôle des pouvoirs publics dans la promotion de l'innovation, dans le but d'aider à identifier les mesures concrètes qu'ils pourraient prendre pour améliorer la croissance de la productivité, l'utilisation durable des ressources et la résilience aux futures évolutions du marché des systèmes agricoles et agroalimentaires nationaux et mondiaux.
What role can governments play in agricultural innovation? This report reviews recent trends in agricultural innovation systems (AIS) and looks at how governments can contribute to agricultural productivity and sustainability by fostering innovation in the agri-food sector.