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This document reports findings regarding the use of patents data for understanding various dimensions of technical change in health-related areas.
Le Manuel de Frascati est devenu la référence méthodologique en matière de recueil et d’exploitation des statistiques de R-D. C'est un outil dont les bureaux de statistiques du monde entier ne sauraient se passer. Ce manuel contient les définitions des notions de base, des principes directeurs pour la collecte de données ainsi que les classifications à utiliser pour la compilation des statistiques. Le manuel a été actualisé : on
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Within the framework of the Russia Programme of the OECD Centre for Co-operation with Non- Members (CCNM) and as part of the follow-up to the Reviews of National Policies for Education: Tertiary Education and Research Policy in the Russian Federation, the Directorate for Education, Employment and Social Affairs launched a pilot project in 1999 on intellectual property and research management in Russian universities.
The area of
All OECD countries now face a demanding new situation for schools. They are seeking to raise standards for all students, quantitatively and qualitatively. The broad aim of "lifelong learning for all" has moved from rhetoric to necessity, implying major shifts of thinking and practice for schools
It is now widely agreed that learning is pivotal in the "knowledge societies" of today and, still more, of tomorrow. It is also widely agreed that schools have a key role to play in laying the foundations for lifelong learning for all of us.
Having developed the Schooling for Tomorrow scenarios in the previous phase, the analytical task is now to operationalise and measure them. This will allow the assessment of where each "system" stands on a cluster of measures that relate to each of the six scenarios.
The outcomes of this activity will be a new set of operational "tools". These will be of value for both for the volunteer "inner core" countries explicitly injecting forward-thinking into their school reforms through this project, and for the international community in
CERI co-operates closely with a number of "decentralised" networks - "decentralised" from the mainstream CERI projects run from Paris.
The task can be approached through three components/stages:
i) Identify and develop measures encapsulating the five scenario dimensions: