Innovation is crucial to long-term economic growth, even more so in the aftermath of the financial and economic crisis. In this volume, the OECD and the World Bank jointly take stock of how globalisation is posing new challenges for innovation and growth in both developed and developing countries, and how countries are coping with them. The authors discuss options for policy initiatives that can foster technological innovation in the pursuit of faster and sustainable growth.
The various chapters highlight how the emergence of an integrated global market affects the impact of national innovation policy. What seemed like effective innovation strategies (e.g. policies designed to strengthen the R&D capacity of domestic firms) are no longer sufficient for effective catch-up. The more open and global nature of innovation makes innovation policies more difficult to design and implement at the national scale alone. These challenges are further complicated by new phenomena, such as global value chains and the fragmentation of production, the growing role of global corporations, and the ICT revolution. Where and why a global corporation chooses to anchor its production affects the playing field for OECD and developing economies alike.
Selected as a 2009 Notable Document by the American Library Association Government Documents Round Table.
A year ahead of Korea chairing the next G20 Summit, Mr. Gurría described in Seoul the “cocktail” of strategy, policies and framework conditions that will enable economies to harness new sources of economic growth, prevent environmental degradation and enhance the quality of life.
This energy technology roadmap focuses on electric and plug-in hybrid vehicles (EV/PHEV), presenting for the first time a detailed scenario for their evolution from annual production of a few thousand to over 100 million vehicles by 2050. It finds that the next decade is a key “make or break” period for EVs and PHEVs: governments, the automobile industry, electric utilities and other stakeholders must work together to roll out vehicles and infrastructure in a coordinated fashion, and ensure that the rapidly growing consumer market is ready to purchase them. The roadmap concludes with a set of near-term actions to achieve the roadmap’s vision.
This report boradly describes the shift in governments' focus on e-government development – from a government-centric to a user-centric approach. It gives a comprehensive overview of challenges to user take-up of e-government services in OECD countries and ways of improving them.
This publication assesses the current status of Mexico's innovation system and policies, and identifies where and how the government should focus its efforts to improve the country’s innovation capabilities.
The findings and views emerging from the workshop will contribute to the development of the OECD Innovation Strategy to be presented to OECD Ministers in 2010.
This workshop brought together policy makers, economists, and business representatives to share their views and experience in fostering demand for innovation via market and public policy instruments including public procurement, pricing, regulations, standards-setting and lead markets.
La Finlande, les Pays-Bas et la Suède ont les prix les plus bas parmi les pays de l’OCDE pour les appels passés depuis un téléphone portable, selon les dernières Perspectives des Communications de l’OCDE. Les prix les plus hauts ont été trouvés au Canada, en Espagne et aux États-Unis.
Dans cette allocution prononcée au Forum économique international des Amériques, M. Gurría souligne que l'innovation jouera un rôle déterminant pour stimuler la croissance économique et résoudre les grands défis mondiaux et sociaux de notre temps : la pauvreté persistante, le chômage, le changement climatique, la gestion de l’eau et les soins de santé, en particulier à l’heure du vieillissement de nos populations.
Les indicateurs de biotechnologie ci-dessous sont produits par la Direction de la science, de la technologie et de l'industrie (DSTI) de l'OCDE.