This joint OECD and World Bank Group report, presented to G20 Trade Ministers in October 2015, focuses on the challenge of making GVCs more “inclusive” by overcoming participation constraints for SMEs and facilitating access for LIDCs. Results suggest that SME participation in GVCs is mostly taking place through indirect contribution to exports (rather than through direct exports), and that a holistic approach to trade, investment and national and multilateral policy action is needed to create more inclusive GVCs.
The report highlights the importance of ensuring access to ICT networks – in particular broadband – and stimulating innovation – in particular by enhancing the ability of SMEs to manage and protect their intellectual assets. At the same, the report underscores the importance of helping small firms scale up quickly, and to better integrate in GVCs by lowering barriers to the entry, growth and exit of firms. Countries should also avoid favouring incumbents over new firms.
This report discusses the mechanisms through which innovations based on information and communication technologies (ICT) may have effects on social inclusion. A core focus is on exploring how innovation policies can contribute to inclusive growth and how they can be implemented efficiently. Moreover, the report discusses the role policies expanding access to higher education can play in supporting inclusive growth.
The objective to achieve inclusive growth is at the top of many governments’ agendas because high levels of inequalities negatively affect the well-being and growth. In order to develop concrete policy solutions, the project has developed a framework to analyse innovation and relevant related policies from the perspective of industrial, social and territorial inclusiveness.
Governments worldwide increasingly rely on tax incentives in addition to direct support measures (e.g. grants) to promote R&D in firms and encourage innovation and economic growth. The OECD has developed experimental methodologies and a detailed database on R&D tax incentives with the latest indicators on the cost and information on the design and scope of R&D tax incentives.
À mesure que l'économie chinoise parvient à maturité, avec une croissance plus lente mais plus durable, les pouvoirs publics doivent davantage concentrer leur effort sur l'efficience, la stabilité et l'inclusivité, selon une nouvelle étude de l'OCDE.
It is a pleasure to be with you today at this seminar that will debate how to prepare the Spanish economy to face the opportunities and challenges posed by the new production and digital revolution. I am grateful to the Fundación Areces for its kind invitation, and to Minister Alvaro Nadal for joining us.
Within the framework of the work of the OECD Observatory of Public Sector Innovation, this report explores how systems approaches can be used in the public sector to solve “wicked” problems. Through the analysis of concrete cases, the report describes how systems approaches can make public services more effective and resilient.
This working paper proposes a definition of Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) based on the technology classes of the International Patent Classification (IPC) in which patents are classified. This new taxonomy is called the “J tag”.
This report benchmarks digital government strategies in MENA countries against OECD standards and best practices. Using the OECD Recommendation of the Council on Digital Government Strategies as analytical framework, the report provides an in-depth look at the efforts made by Egypt, Jordan, Lebanon, Morocco, Tunisia and the United Arab Emirates to use digital technologies strategically to support broader policy objectives. New technologies can help foster economic value creation, make institutions more inclusive, improve competitiveness and promote effective decision-making in the public sector. This report also assesses the use of ICTs to strengthen trust in government through greater openness and engagement, and suggests how MENA countries can better co-ordinate and steer the digital transformation of the public sector.
This new report highlights the latest trends in government innovation. The topics identified through this review are not the only trends and examples in government innovation, but they do provide a glimpse of where government innovation stands today and where it may be going tomorrow.