This book provides a comprehensive assessment of the innovation policy of Luxembourg. It is the second such OECD review of Luxembourg's innovation system, following an earlier review published in 2007. Since that time, the system has undergone profound change, notably a rapid expansion in the scale and scope of public sector research, which offers new opportunities for Luxembourg, but also new challenges for innovation policy. The review focuses on the role of government and includes concrete recommendations on how to improve policies that affect innovation and R&D performance.
English, PDF, 432kb
The OECD’s Open Government project seeks to support countries in the design and implementation of open government reforms in collaboration with their citizens and civil society organisations.
English, PDF, 763kb
This meeting addressed the use of open data for the development of territorial indicators and its potential to capture new aspects of public sector performance.
Far-reaching innovation is needed to address climate change and other environmental challenges, and to accelerate the transition to green growth. To measure the output of environmental innovation, the OECD published a new set of green patent indicators.
This paper explores the relationship between environmental regulation, innovation, and competitiveness, drawing upon a unique dataset on environmental regulations directed at combustion plants, a global dataset of power plants, and a global dataset of ‘environmental’ patents. The analysis is conducted in two stages.
This report provides a review of recent firm-level and plant-level surveys containing questions on environmental policies, innovation practices or performance which are relevant for environmental policy analysis and assessment. We specifically focus on the core element that relates environmental policies to environmental and economic performance, namely the adoption of innovative practices and environmental innovations by firms.
Japan is embarked on a demographic transition without precedent in human history: the population is both declining and ageing rapidly. This raises important questions about the country's future economic geography, as public policies will need both to respond to these shifts and also to shape them. Demographic change will have particularly important implications for the settlement pattern of the country, and this, in turn, will affect Japan's ability to sustain economic growth and the well-being of its citizens. This Review therefore focuses on the spatial implications of demographic change and the response of spatial policies to it, particularly as these interact with other policies aimed at sustaining the productivity growth that a "super-ageing" Japan will need in order to maintain its future prosperity. The Japanese authorities have recently put in place a complex package of long-term spatial and structural policies aimed at meeting this challenge. Their experience should be of first-order interest to other OECD countries, as most face the prospect of rapid population ageing and many are also projected to experience significant population decline over the coming decades.
Disruptive innovation is redefining markets around the world and the Latin American and Caribbean region is no exception. In the run-up to the Latin American and Caribbean Competition Forum in Mexico-City on 12-13 April 2016, this article looks at the competition enforcement challenges and advocacy opportunities around disruptive innovations in the region.
L’innovation, lorsqu’elle est bien ciblée et vient au bon moment, améliore la productivité, accélère la croissance économique et aide à la résolution des problèmes sociétaux. Des questions demeurent cependant : comment les gouvernements peuvent-ils encourager les personnes à innover en plus grand nombre et plus fréquemment? Comment le gouvernement peut-il lui-même être plus innovant ?
La Stratégie de l’Innovation de l’OCDE propose un ensemble de principes pour stimuler l’innovation au sein de la population, des entreprises et du gouvernement. À partir de recherches et de données actualisées, elle analyse en détail l’étendue de l’innovation, son évolution ainsi que les endroits où elle apparaît et les formes qu’elle revêt.
The 2016 Sweden Review of Innovation Policy deepens the 2012 Review by focusing on six policy initiatives central to the 2008 and 2012 Swedish Research and Innovation Bills, notably: 1) the increase in funding for university research, 2) the establishment of Strategic Research Areas, 3) actions designed to enhance the role of research institutes in Sweden’s innovation system, 4) the definition and funding of Strategic Innovation Areas in collaboration with industrial, academic and research institute actors, 5) the initiation of a Challenge-Driven Innovation programme addressing societal challenges, 6) improved prioritisation and support for Swedish participation in European research and innovation activities.