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Innovation has become a key factor for economic growth, but how does the process take place at the level of individual firms? This book presents the main results of the OECD Innovation Microdata Project -- the first large-scale effort to exploit firm-level data from innovation surveys across 20 countries in an internationally harmonised way, with a view to addressing common analytical questions of great importance to policy makers who seek to promote innovation.
These issues include:
Which characteristics of companies affect their propensity to innovate?
Which types of firms invest more in innovation?
What is the impact of patenting on innovative behaviour?
What are the different innovation strategies that enterprises adopt, and are they the same across countries?
Through the use of common indicators and econometric modeling, this analytical report presents a broad overview of how firms innovate in different countries, highlights some of the limitations of current innovation surveys, and identifies directions for future research.
Innovation in Firms is part of the OECD Innovation Strategy, a comprehensive policy strategy to harness innovation for stronger and more sustainable growth and development, and to address the key global challenges of the 21st century.
Table of contents
How do we measure innovation? | Microdata: what more can they tell us? | Exploiting the potential of microdata: a comparative project | Exploiting innovation surveys: lessons learned
Chapter 1. Innovation Indicators
Introduction | Rationale and methodology | Simple indicators | Composite indicators | Conclusions | Annex: Statistical tables
Chapter 2. Exploring Non-technological and Mixed Modes of Innovation Across Countries
Introduction | Theoretical context | Data and methodology | Results | Summary of findings
Chapter 3. Innovation and Productivity: Estimating the Core Model Across 18 Countries
Background | The innovation and productivity link in a simplified framework | Preliminary findings and messages | Conclusions and sensitivity analysis | Annex: The model specification: advantages and limitations | Annex: Characteristics of the sample of surveys underlying the econometric analysis
Chapter 4. Innovation and Productivity: Extending the Core Model
Background | Extended models used by selected countries | Conclusion and research agenda | Annex tables
Chapter 5. Innovation and Intellectual Property Rights
Background | The link between innovation and IPRs | A first look at countries’ and firms’ propensity to patent | Main findings from the regression analysis | Conclusions and research agenda | Annex: Economic modelling | Annex: Empirical strategy | Annex: Data and variable definitions | Annex: Full set of estimation results
Annex A. Methodology
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OECD Innovation Microdata Project
The OECD Innovation Strategy