By Date


  • 22-décembre-2015

    Français

    Science, technologie et industrie : Perspectives de l'OCDE 2014

    Dans le contexte d’une reprise économique inégale, de l’accroissement des inégalités sociales et de la persistance des défis environnementaux et sociaux, les attentes à l’égard de la science, de la technologie et de l’innovation se sont accrues à travers le monde. Dans ce nouveau contexte, les gouvernements placent l’innovation au cœur de leur programme de croissance durable.
    Science, technologie et industrie : Perspectives de l’OCDE 2014 examine les principales tendances dans les politiques et performances de la STI à travers plus de 45 économies, y compris les pays de l’OCDE et de grandes économies émergentes. Après un aperçu du paysage et des perspectives mondiales des politiques de la STI, une série de profils thématiques aborde les questions actuelles clés en la matière. Les profils pays présentent les performances de chaque pays et les évolutions les plus récentes dans leurs politiques nationales de STI. Cet ouvrage s’appuie sur une enquête unique, conduite par l’OCDE tous les deux ans auprès de plus de 45 pays, et sur les derniers travaux de l’OCDE en matière d’analyse et de mesure des politiques de STI.

  • 14-December-2015

    English

    Green Growth and Sustainable Development Forum 2015 - Enabling the next industrial revolution: Systems innovation for green growth

    Achieving green growth requires ambitious transition management policies in key sectors such as energy, transport, water and agriculture. Provided that the pace of innovation in a number of these key areas is growing faster than ever before, the Forum examined how to foster the "next industrial revolution" by harnessing the potential of systems innovation policies to support green growth.

    Related Documents
  • 4-December-2015

    English

    Radioactive Waste Management and Constructing Memory for Future Generations - Proceedings of the International Conference and Debate, 15-17 September 2014 Verdun, France

    The Preservation of Records, Knowledge and Memory (RK&M) across Generations initiative was launched by the Nuclear Energy Agency in 2011 to foster international reflection and progress towards this goal and to meet increasing demands by waste management specialists and other interested parties for viable and shared strategies. The RK&M initiative is now in its second phase, which is to last until 2017. Phase I culminated on 15‑17 September 2014 with the organisation of an international conference and debate on "Constructing Memory" held in Verdun, France.

    The conference was attended by approximately 200 participants from 17 countries and 3 international organisations. Participants included specialists from the radioactive waste management area and beyond, academics in the fields of archaeology, communications, cultural heritage, geography and history, as well as artists, archivists, representatives from local heritage societies and from communities that could host a radioactive waste repository.

  • 4-December-2015

    English

    Fostering a Durable Relationship between a Waste Management Facility and its Host Community - Adding Value through Design and Process

    In the field of long-term radioactive waste management, projects to construct repositories normally last from decades to centuries. Such projects will inevitably have an effect on the host community from the planning stage to the end of construction and beyond. The key to a long-lasting and positive relationship between a site and its host community is ensuring that solutions are reached together throughout the entire process. The sustainability of radioactive waste management solutions can potentially be achieved through design and implementation of a facility that provides added cultural and amenity value, as well as economic opportunities, to the local community.

    This second edition of Fostering a Durable Relationship Between a Waste Management Facility and its Host Community: Adding Value Through Design and Process highlights new innovations in siting processes and in facility design – functional, cultural and physical – from different countries, which could be of added value to host communities and their sites in the short to long term. These new features are examined from the perspective of sustainability, with a focus on increasing the likelihood that people will both understand the facility and its functions, and remember what is located at the site.

    This 2015 update by the NEA Forum on Stakeholder Confidence will be beneficial in designing paths forward for local or regional communities, as well as for national radioactive waste management programmes.

  • 1-December-2015

    English

    Open Educational Resources - A Catalyst for Innovation

    Education is the key to economic, social and environmental progress, and governments around the world are looking to improve their education systems. The future of education in the 21st century is not simply about reaching more people, but about improving the quality and diversity of educational opportunities. How to best organise and support teaching and learning requires imagination, creativity and innovation.
    Open educational resources (OER) are teaching, learning and research materials that make use of tools such as open licensing to permit their free reuse, continuous improvement and repurposing by others for educational purposes. The OER community has grown considerably over the past 10 years and the impact of OER on educational systems has become a pervasive element of educational policy
    This report aims to highlight state of the art developments and practices in OER, but also to demonstrate how OER can be a tool for innovation in teaching and learning.

  • 26-November-2015

    English

    Innovation, Agricultural Productivity and Sustainability in the Netherlands

    The Dutch food, agriculture and horticulture sector is innovative and export oriented, with high value-added along the food chain and significant world export shares for many products. Continuous adoption of innovation has permitted to reach high levels of productivity and sustained productivity growth, in particular at the farm level, in a context of increasing environmental regulatory constraints. The challenge is whether marginal improvements in current technologies and know-how will be enough to pursue current rates of productivity growth – sustainably – and whether the innovation system will be able to generate the new ideas that are needed to face future challenges, including those linked to climate change.

  • 26-novembre-2015

    Français

    Les Pays-Bas devraient investir dans la durabilité de leur système agricole et alimentaire

    Innovante et axée sur l’exportation, toute la filière agricole et alimentaire des Pays-Bas fournit des produits à forte valeur ajoutée, dont beaucoup s’arrogent une part notable des exportations mondiales. D’après un nouveau rapport de l’OCDE, pour maintenir ces résultats et les faire fructifier, l’action publique devrait de plus en plus privilégier les mesures qui stimulent l’innovation et améliorent la performance de durabilité.

    Documents connexes
  • 23-novembre-2015

    Français

    Innovation, productivité et durabilité de l'agriculture au Canada

    Pour l’essentiel, le secteur canadien de l’alimentation et de l’agriculture est compétitif et axé sur les exportations. Bien que les défis et opportunités du secteur agricole canadien varient nettement selon les régions, le secteur agricole primaire bénéficie d’abondantes ressources naturelles et les contraintes environnementales auxquelles il est assujetti sont limitées. Du fait de son climat et de sa géographie, le Canada diffère notamment de nombreux autres pays exportateurs nets dans la mesure où son agriculture représente une part de l’utilisation des terres et de l’eau bien moindre. Les principales atteintes à l’environnement qui lui sont dues tiennent à la pollution de l’eau par les éléments nutritifs localisée dans certains endroits. Les gains de productivité résultant de l’innovation et des changements structurels ont entraîné une hausse de la production et des revenus sans trop peser sur les ressources. Le secteur agricole canadien, axé sur les exportations, doit impérativement être capable d’innover pour tirer profit de l’augmentation et de l’évolution de la demande mondiale de produits agroalimentaires.

  • 14-November-2015

    English

    G20/OECD/UNDP International Conference on Open Data: Enabling inclusive, sustainable and robust growth - Opening remarks

    Open data is an important part of the toolbox to achieve our goal of promoting robust and inclusive growth. Thus, the G20 must capture the exponential progress in digital technologies and the data revolution to deliver benefits to all segments of society.

  • 3-novembre-2015

    Français

    Panorama de l'entrepreneuriat 2015

    Panorama de l'entrepreneuriat, un produit du Programme d'indicateurs de l'entrepreneuriat OCDE-Eurostat (PIE), présente une collection originale d’indicateurs pour mesurer l’état de l’entrepreneuriat, accompagnée d'explications sur le contexte politique et l'interprétation des données. L'édition 2015 contient un chapitre spécial sur les activités internationales des petites et moyennes entreprises.

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