L’innovation a toujours été une pierre angulaire de nos économies. De l’invention de la roue à la révolution industrielle, du transport aérien à l’internet en passant par la médecine, elle apporte changement, progrès, espoir. Encore sous le coup de la crise et à la recherche de voies nouvelles pour une croissance plus solide, inclusive et durable, notre monde a plus que jamais besoin de politiques en faveur de l’innovation.
Les participants à la Réunion annuelle du Conseil de l’OCDE au niveau des Ministres, placée sous la présidence des Pays-Bas, ont réaffirmé le soutien des pays Membres à un large éventail de travaux menés par l’OCDE, qu’il s’agisse d’améliorer la qualité et l’efficacité de l’investissement ou de soutenir l’initiative relative aux Nouvelles approches face aux défis économiques.
All on Board: Making Inclusive Growth Happen puts forth a new approach to economic growth that goes beyond traditional monetary indicators and includes dimensions that reflect people's well-being. It introduces an analytical framework to assess economic growth based on a measurement of multidimensional living standards. The report also presents win-win policies that can deliver stronger growth and greater inclusiveness in areas such as: macroeconomic policies, labour market policies, education and skills, infrastructure and public services and development and urban policies. It underscores the need to assess and weigh trade-offs and complementarities between and among policies, and the crucial role of good governance in implementing an Inclusive Growth agenda.
This report looks at a variety of inclusive innovation initiatives and innovative products aimed at improving the welfare of lower-income and excluded groups, notably in terms of essential public services (education, infrastructure and health). It discusses the policy trade-offs between traditional innovation policies and a more inclusive innovation approach, and provides recommendations for aligning current policies. It also deals with the impacts of innovation and innovation policies on industrial and territorial inclusiveness, describing how information and communication technology (ICT) and technology diffusion may influence smaller firms’ chances of succeeding with their innovations.
Productivity is a key source of economic growth and competitiveness. The OECD Compendium of Productivity Indicators 2015 presents a comprehensive overview of recent and longer term trends in productivity levels and growth in OECD countries. It also highlights key measurement issues faced when compiling cross-country comparable productivity indicators.
This report reviews the experience of Panama in designing, implementing and evaluating innovation policy. It provides a comparative analysis of Panama’s innovation performance and reviews the design and implementation of the national innovation policy focusing on the National Plan (2010-2014). The review of the institutional setting, the policy mix and budget for innovation policy includes a comparison with the experience of two peer countries, the Dominican Republic and Uruguay.
This review represents a new policy approach for public sector reviews, linking the traditional thematic public employment and strategic human resource management (HRM) framework to public sector innovation and service delivery challenges in the Dominican Republic. The study is based on lessons learned from the experience of OECD member and key partner countries, starting with an economic and institutional analysis of the Dominican context in a broader regional perspective. The report provides a detailed diagnosis of its public employment management and pragmatic solutions for improving it. The recommendations are based on assessments in the following priority areas: the use of strategic workforce planning and management, the state's ability to acquire and retain workforce competencies and enhancing government's core values, performance management and leadership, HRM reforms and the capacity to implement innovative approaches for a more efficient and effective public administration leading to better service delivery.
The project provided recommendations to the city of Medellin and Antioquia to support the development of the local economy and includes a focus on how the innovative environment can be strengthened to support inclusion, entrepreneurship, SME, and local developmentto and how to better coordinate and integrate its policies with the national level.
Dementia is a devastating condition for the people affected, their family and friends, and for health systems. Through its global reach and ability to bring together government and non-government perspectives, OECD is in a unique position to face up to the challenge.
The objective to achieve inclusive growth is at the top of many governments’ agendas because high levels of inequalities negatively affect the well-being and growth. In order to develop concrete policy solutions, the project has developed a framework to analyse innovation and relevant related policies from the perspective of industrial, social and territorial inclusiveness.