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  • 13-October-2020

    English

    OECD news on innovation, science, technology and industry

    This newsletter delivers the latest reports, statistics and policy recommendations from the OECD Directorate for Science, Technology and Innovation.

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  • 12-octobre-2020

    Français

    Déchiffrer le code - L’élaboration de règles exécutables par les humains et par les machines

    Le codage des règles est un concept prometteur qui repense l’une des fonctions fondamentales des États : la réglementation. Il propose que les autorités établissent une version officielle des règles (lois et règlements, par exemple) sous une forme exécutable par les machines, afin de permettre aux systèmes informatiques de les comprendre et de les mettre en application de manière uniforme. Plus qu’une simple solution technocratique, le codage des règles représente une évolution radicale de la façon dont les pouvoirs publics créent les règles, et de celle dont les tiers les exécutent. Partout dans le monde, des équipes du secteur public expérimentent le concept et ses applications potentielles en réponse à l’environnement opérationnel de plus en plus complexe et aux pressions croissantes sur les systèmes de réglementation en place. Déchiffrer le Code a pour objectif d’aider les intervenants publics et privés à comprendre le potentiel ainsi que les limitations et conséquences du codage des règles.
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  • 5-October-2020

    English

    Rural Well-being - Geography of Opportunities

    Rural Well-being: Geography of Opportunities presents the latest iteration on this policy framework, reflecting several important changes in rural development in recent years. Fully taking into account the variety of situations characterising rural regions, the new policy framework leverages improved data and analysis while broadening the scope from economic focus to encompass the environmental and social dimensions of well-being. The new approach places the well-being of citizens at the forefront of its objective and recognises the diversity of rural places brought by a deeper understanding of their diverse and complex socio-economic systems and their connection to cities. The framework also looks to the future and unfolding megatrends such as globalisation, digitalisation, climate change and demographic change. It reflects on how these will impact rural economies and reviews policy options to mitigate the challenges and capitalise on opportunities as well as to develop resilience against emerging crises. Finally, recognising the strong interdependencies between different stakeholders and the need for partnerships between government, the private sector and civil society to successfully implement policies, the Rural Well-being Policy Framework focuses on governance mechanisms, including the OECD Principles on Rural Policy.
  • 23-September-2020

    English

    Leadership for a high performing civil service - Towards senior civil service systems in OECD countries

    Public service leaders – senior civil servants who lead and improve major government functions – are at the heart of government effectiveness. They translate political direction into the policies and programmes that keep citizens healthy, safe, and economically productive. In order to do so, however, they need to have both the right skills and institutional support to deploy them effectively. This paper summarises insights from a recently completed project that addressed this challenge. First, the paper identifies four leadership capabilities that are necessary to respond to complex policy challenges: values-based leadership, open inclusion, organisational stewardship, and networked collaboration. Second, the paper outlines a model for assessing senior civil service systems, i.e. the policies, processes and tools needed to develop these capabilities and support leaders in using them. The paper concludes with recommendations to help governments take a systematic approach to the development and management of their public service leaders.
  • 3-September-2020

    English

    The effects of R&D tax incentives and their role in the innovation policy mix - Findings from the OECD microBeRD project, 2016-19

    This report presents new evidence on the impact of R&D tax incentives and direct funding of business R&D, drawing on distributed cross-country and firm-level analyses undertaken as part of the first phase of the OECD microBeRD project (2016-19). This 'distributed' approach facilitates a harmonised analysis of confidential business R&D and tax relief microdata in 20 OECD countries. microBeRD provides new insights into the effectiveness of R&D tax incentives in encouraging business R&D in the OECD area and the heterogeneity of effects both within and across OECD countries, including the underlying impact mechanisms. The report contributes to the debate on the role of R&D tax incentives in the policy mix by providing additional comparative evidence on the effects of alternative business R&D inducement incentives.
  • 29-July-2020

    English

    Production Transformation Policy Review of the Dominican Republic - Preserving Growth, Achieving Resilience

    The Dominican Republic, though the fastest-growing economy in Latin America and the Caribbean since 2010, cannot afford complacency. The COVID-19 crisis may accelerate existing global trends that created the need for reforms addressing structural weaknesses that lurked beneath the surface well before the pandemic. The current situation demands an unpreceded policy effort to ensure a prompt and effective health response, and to guarantee short-term support for workers and firms. The enduring challenge will be updating the country’s development model through targeted reforms. The Production Transformation Policy Review (PTPR) of the Dominican Republic identifies priority reforms to update the national strategy, with perspectives on agro-food and nearshoring. It benefitted from peer review from the United States Reshoring Institute and the Ministry of Agriculture of Brazil.
  • 15-July-2020

    English

    UNIDO International Conference - Women in Industry and Innovation: Building women‘s resilience to global challenges and emerging crises

    This crisis can be particularly damaging for industries in which many women work, such as air travel, tourism, retail activities, accommodation, food and beverage. In OECD countries, women represent close to half of employment in the air transport industry, 53% in food and beverage services, and 60% in accommodation. Some manufacturing industries with strong participation of women are also facing severe disruption.

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  • 14-July-2020

    English

    Mr. Angel Gurría, Secretary-General of the OECD, at UNIDO international conference “Women in Industry and Innovation: Building Women’s Resilience to Global Challenges and Emerging Crises”, 15-17 July 2020

    Mr. Angel Gurría, Secretary-General of the OECD, delivered virtual remarks at United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO) international conference “Women in Industry and Innovation: Building Women’s Resilience to Global Challenges and Emerging Crises”, organised from 15 to 17 July 2020.

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  • 8-July-2020

    English

    OECD case study of Norway’s digital science and innovation policy and governance landscape

    This report describes Norway’s landscape for Digital Science and Innovation Policy (DSIP) - the overarching framework through which governments make intensive use of digital technologies and data resources to support the formulation, delivery and administration of STI policy. The report describes how Norway’s DSIP landscape is shaped by its broader digital government framework and agenda, introduces the main actors in the DSIP system and discusses their main features in relation to their key objectives and the generic purposes of DSIP approaches. Special attention is paid to the role of STI statistics. It concludes by drawing out key findings and potential implications to help the Norwegian government identify opportunities that promote the system’s further development in line with its strategic objectives. This study also provides an indication of the potential opportunities and challenges that other countries might face when developing, implementing and maintaining digital systems for STI policy and administration.
  • 6-July-2020

    English

    Mr. Angel Gurría, Secretary-General of the OECD, meeting with Ms. Paola Pisano, Minister for Technological Innovation and Digitalization of Italy, 7 July 2020

    Mr. Angel Gurría, Secretary-General of the OECD, will virtually meet with Ms. Paola Pisano, Minister for Technological Innovation and Digitalization of Italy on 7 July 2020 to discuss how the OECD can support Italy to tackle the challenges of the Covid-19 pandemic and, in particular, to leverage science, technology and innovation in the recovery, as well as ideas for the 2021 G20 Italian Presidency, specifically on digital.

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