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  • 18-June-2019

    English

    OECD Behavioural Insights Toolkit and Ethical Framework

    Behavioural insights (BI) are lessons derived from the behavioural and social sciences, including decision-making, psychology, cognitive science, neuroscience, organisational and group behaviour. Public bodies around the world are increasingly using BI to design and implement better public policies based on evidence of the actual behaviour and biases of citizens and businesses. This toolkit provides practitioners and policy makers with a step-by-step process for analysing a policy problem, building strategies, and developing behaviourally informed interventions.
  • 17-June-2019

    English

    The Space Economy in Figures - How Space Contributes to the Global Economy

    The space economy is expanding and becoming increasingly global, driven by the development of ever-more governmental space programmes around the world, the multiplication of commercial actors in value chains, durable digitalisation trends, and new space systems coming of age. This report describes these emerging trends using new and internationally comparable data and indicators. It highlights the growing importance of space activities for the economy, for developing country strategies (based on original official development assistance statistics), for the pursuit of knowledge and scientific discoveries, and for society in general. To get the most out of space investments and promote sustained socio-economic growth, this report provides some recommendations to countries in building up their statistical evidence on space actors and activities.
  • 11-June-2019

    English

    Artificial Intelligence in Society

    Today, Artificial Intelligence (AI) is transforming societies and economies and the AI landscape has evolved significantly from 1950 when Alan Turing first posed the question of whether machines can think. AI promises to generate productivity gains, improve well-being and help address global challenges, such as climate change, resource scarcity and health crises. Yet, as AI applications are adopted around the world, their use raises questions and challenges related to human values, fairness, human determination, privacy, safety and accountability, among others. This report helps build a shared understanding of AI in the present and near-term. It maps economic and social impacts of AI technologies and their applications, and identifies their applications and major policy considerations. The report also provides an overview of the current AI policy landscape, including AI initiatives from governments and other stakeholders at national and international levels.
  • 6-June-2019

    English

    Unpacking E-commerce - Business Models, Trends and Policies

    As digital transformation has accelerated, the e-commerce landscape has become increasingly dynamic. New players have emerged; established actors have taken on new roles; some barriers to e-commerce at the firm, individual and country levels have been overcome, while others have emerged. Innovative business models have transformed buyer-seller relationships and pushed out the frontier of what is possible to buy and sell on line. This report explores e-commerce developments, trends and business models, and offers new insights on the policies needed to exploit the opportunities and mitigate the challenges of unlocking the potential of e-commerce for all. Innovative business models have transformed buyer-seller relationships and pushed out the frontier of what is possible to buy and sell on line. This report explores e-commerce developments, trends and business models, and offers new insights on the policies needed to exploit the opportunities and mitigate the challenges of unlocking the potential of e-commerce for all.
  • 20-May-2019

    English

    OECD SME and Entrepreneurship Outlook 2019

    The new OECD SME and Entrepreneurship Outlook presents the latest trends in performance of small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) and provides a comprehensive overview of business conditions and policy frameworks for SMEs and entrepreneurs.This year’s edition provides comparative evidence on business dynamism, productivity growth, wage gaps and export trends by firm size across OECD countries and emerging economies. It explores the implications of digitalisation and globalisation for market conditions and SME access to strategic resources such as finance, skills, technology, data and other innovation assets. The report gives comparative analysis of regulatory frameworks and policies to enhance contributions by SMEs and entrepreneurs, and delivers a forward-looking perspective on the opportunities and challenges SMEs and entrepreneurs face in doing business and scaling up their activities. It also contains country profiles outlining the latest developments in national SME performance and business conditions, with expanded country profiles available on line.
  • 13-May-2019

    English

    An Introduction to Online Platforms and Their Role in the Digital Transformation

    Online platforms support so many of our daily activities that we have become dependent on them in our personal and professional lives. We rely on them to buy and sell goods and services, to find information online and to keep in touch with each other. We use them for entertainment, news, transportation, accommodation, finding jobs and employees, finding apps and for many other purposes. Online platforms have also raised new and important policy questions, but the businesses themselves can be more complex than they appear so they are not always well understood. This report contains detailed profiles of twelve of the world’s leading platform companies and derives insights from those profiles about what platforms actually do, how they do it, and why they succeed financially. For example, the report finds that although platforms tend to have a number of economic characteristics in common, they also vary so greatly that they cannot be compartmentalised into just a few categories, let alone a single sector. Moreover, they do not all succeed for the same reasons. In addition, although the major Chinese platforms still have a low profile within the OECD, they are in the process of expanding globally and deserve more attention.
  • 11-May-2019

    English

    Innovation, Agricultural Productivity and Sustainability in Japan

    In Japan, agriculture has been treated differently from other parts of the national economy. However, policy needs to evolve with new agricultural structures and the global trend towards more integrated value chains, enabling innovation and entrepreneurship in agriculture, and imposing a greater environmental responsibility on producers. Modern agriculture is a technology- and data-intensive industry, and Japan is well-positioned to introduce its competitive technology and skills to agriculture through building more collaborative agricultural innovation system.
  • 10-May-2019

    English

    Digital Government Review of Sweden - Towards a Data-driven Public Sector

    This digital government review asseses the state of data-driven policies and initiatives in the Swedish public sector. It explores the underlying institutional governance and co-ordination arrangements for digital government in the country, and their impact on policy implementation. It also discusses data-sharing and managing initiatives, data governance and open government data practices. The review looks at how Sweden could better share knowledge, promote innovation and improve collaboration both across the public sector and with external stakeholders. Finally, it highlights how the government can use data to build a closer relationship with citizens in order to address policy challenges, improve public service delivery, and, ultimately, strengthen public trust.
  • 3-mai-2019

    Français

    Guide de l’OCDE sur l’évaluation des coûts de mise en conformité avec la réglementation

    Ce guide fournit des conseils pratiques, techniques et faciles d’utilisation concernant la mesure et la réduction des coûts de conformité de la réglementation dans les pays de l’OCDE. Ce guide recouvre tous les aspects clés de l’évaluation des coûts de conformité, en incluant des conseils étape par étape afin de réaliser des analyses détaillées. Les gouvernements des pays membres de l’OCDE seront en mesure d’utiliser ce guide comme base pour le développement d’orientations spécifiques aux pays, façonnant et adaptant les contenus pour soutenir au mieux leurs exigences individuelles en matière de politiques publiques. Ce guide a été publié dans le cadre des travaux de l’OCDE en matière de politique de la réglementation.
  • 25-April-2019

    English

    News on innovation, science, technology and industry

    Every month, this newsletter delivers the latest reports, statistics and policy recommendations from the OECD on the translation of science, technology and knowledge into innovation.

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