Between 2000 and 2010, US manufacturing experienced a nightmare. The number of manufacturing jobs in the United States, which had been relatively stable at 17 million since 1965, declined by one third in that decade, falling by 5.8 million to below 12 million in 2010 (returning to just 12.3 million in 2016). Certainly, the 2007–08 recession accelerated the disruption, but the causes were also structural, not simply financial.
The US food and agriculture sector is innovative, competitive and export-oriented. Changes in national and global demand offer further opportunities for US agri-food products, although climate change and other resource constraints could create additional challenges, in particular in some regions. Maintaining high productivity growth, while improving the sustainable use of resources will require further innovation. In a policy environment generally favourable to investment and innovation, the strong US agricultural innovation system is expected to continue to create innovations that will be widely adopted, to the extent that these can be widely accepted.
Le système d’innovation des États-Unis possède de nombreux atouts, en particulier des universités de recherche de rang mondial et des entreprises dynamiques dans les secteurs à forte intensité d’innovation.
Cet ouvrage propose une description en matière de science et d’innovation de chacun des pays de l’OCDE et de certains pays non membres. Les graphiques permettent à chacun de visualiser certains de ses points forts et faibles par rapport au profil d’autres pays.
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This background report is one of a series of papers prepared by countries participating in an activity of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), “Attracting, Developing and Retaining Effective Teachers.” The focus of the country background reports is on the aspects of teacher policy that deal with how to attract, recruit, develop, and retain effective teachers. The report has the following four objectives:
Results from United States schools that took part in this study, which was carried out to understand how ICT relates to educational innovation.