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This working paper examines two issues concerning foreign state-controlled investors: whether the doctrine of foreign state immunity may make it difficult for private parties to pursue legitimate claims against them and whether that doctrine creates regulatory enforcement gaps for host countries.
This working paper provides an overview of recent developments in investment treaty practice with regard to the protection of intellectual property rights (IPRs).
Statistics Working Paper N. 30 - 2010/1 - Firm-level micro-data have become increasingly important in OECD activities not only for econometric analysis that captures heterogeneity across enterprises but also in order to conduct different and more detailed types of data aggregation (e.g. by geographical unit, firm size, industry). This paper describes the development of the OECD ORBIS micro database. This database includes more than
This paper reviews evidence of the relationship between innovation and entrepreneurship. It then turns to understanding the consequences of market cycles and the economic crisis and discusses implications for programmes to encourage financing for entrepreneurs and venture capital.
This paper aims at presenting trademarks, their potential link with innovations and their main statistical properties, to see if they may serve as an innovation indicator.
This paper discusses the challenges faced when attempting to construct appropriate bilateral trade matrices using annual data collected by the OECD and United Nations, as well as national sources.
This study addresses the issue of carbon embodiments in trade using internationally comparable OECD data sources (input-output, bilateral goods trade and CO2 emissions) for 41 countries/regions by 17 industries.
This paper presents the role of entrepreneurship policies in supporting innovation in four OECD countries. It consists of a synthesis report based on the findings of country case studies on Korea, Mexico, Norway and Turkey. The case studies are appended to the synthesis report.
This paper presents different indicators using existing data on R&D investments, innovation survey data, patent data and data on licensing, illustrating the increasing importance and the different characteristics of open innovation across companies, industries and countries.
Statistics Working Paper N. 23 - 2008/1 - This paper sets out definitions of the entrepreneur, entrepreneurship and entrepreneurial activity for the purpose of supporting the development of related indicators. The paper recognises the long history in this area and the contention and differences that have existed, and that continue to exist, between academics who have confronted this issue over the last two centuries. It deliberately