Working Papers


  • 26-January-2017

    English

    Foreign direct investment, corruption and the OECD Anti-Bribery Convention

    Corruption undermines economic and social progress and steals the future of young generations. Parties to the OECD Anti-Bribery Convention are required to criminalise bribery of foreign public officials but does this make a difference on the ground? This paper estimates a dynamic foreign direct investment (FDI) gravity model to explore the impact of corruption in general and the OECD Anti-Bribery Convention in particular.

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  • 13-September-2016

    English

    State-to-State dispute settlement and the interpretation of investment treaties

    Many governments have expressed concerns about the uncertainty linked to the perceived inconsistency of treaty interpretation in Investor-State dispute settlement. This working paper looks at how governments can take action to improve the interpretation of investment treaties through consideration of the potential role of State-to-State dispute settlement in this area.

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  • 3-September-2016

    English

    Estimating CO2 Emissions Embodied in Final Demand and Trade Using the OECD ICIO 2015: Methodology and Results

    In this working paper estimates of emissions embodied in final demand and in international trade were generated to contribute to a better understanding of how CO2 emissions around the world are driven by global consumption patterns. After explaining the methodology in detail, some general results are described and examples given of how to use and interpret the derived indicators.

  • 26-July-2016

    English

    Where to Locate Innovative Activities in Global Value Chains

    With the emergence of global value chains (GVCs), production processes are increasingly fragmented and dispersed across different countries. Although many MNEs still exhibit an important ‘home bias’ in their global innovation activities, a growing number of firms have offshored R&D and innovative activities to foreign locations.

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  • 10-February-2016

    English

    The legal framework applicable to joint interpretive agreements of investment treaties

    Most investment treaties do not expressly address joint interpretations and thus leave the issue to more general rules. This paper addresses the general legal framework applicable to joint agreements by treaty parties about the interpretation of treaties. It outlines key concepts and distinctions, and considers effects on third parties.

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  • 26-January-2016

    English

    Reshoring: Myth or Reality?

    The news that companies in OECD economies are increasingly bringing manufacturing activities back home has attracted a lot of attention in recent years. But considerable disagreement exists about how important this trend actually is for economies in particular the number of jobs that reshoring is supposed to bring back.

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  • 14-January-2016

    English

    Routine jobs, employment and technological innovation in global value chains

    This work addresses the role of global value chains (GVCs), workforce skills, ICT, innovation and industry structure in explaining employment levels of routine and non-routine occupations. The analysis encompasses 28 OECD countries over the period 2000-2011.

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  • 14-January-2016

    English

    Routine Jobs, Employment and Technological Innovation in Global Value Chains

    This analysis encompasses 28 OECD countries over the period 2000-2011. The results suggest that comparatively higher skills are associated with higher employment in non-routine (NR) and low routine-intensive (LR) occupations. Also, employment in all types of occupations, both routine and non-routine, shows to positively relate to innovation, as measured by patents.

  • 10-December-2015

    English

    Currency-based measures targeting banks - Balancing national regulation of risk and financial openness

    This paper reviews currency-based measures (CBMs) directed at banks in 49 countries between 2005 and 2013. These measures apply a discrimination, such as less favourable treatment, on the basis of the currency of an operation, typically foreign currencies. The new data shows that CBMs have been increasingly used in the post-crisis period, including for macro-prudential purposes.

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  • 20-October-2015

    English, PDF, 1,851kb

    Reintegrating welfare benefit recipients through entrepreneurship in the Netherlands

    These rapid policy assessments provide a baseline analysis with focus on one of the key target groups of inclusive entrepreneurship policy (i.e. youth, seniors, women, migrants or the unemployed).

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