SMEs and entrepreneurs make an important contribution to the Canadian economy. SMEs account for 60% of total employment, and Canada performs very well across many measures of small business generation, growth and innovation. However, further increases in productivity in medium-sized firms, an increase in SME exports, a greater business start-up rate and an increased number of high-growth firms could bring substantial benefits for the national economy.
This report identifies several areas where new policy approaches could help achieve these objectives. Framework conditions for small business could be improved in business taxation, public procurement, access to financing and the commercialisation of research. New and extended programmes could be introduced in domains including entrepreneurship education, management advice and consultancy, and workforce skills development. A major effort is recommended to prioritise women's entrepreneurship, including by supporting social enterprises, and federal support could be offered to support the exchange of information on best practice SME regulations and programmes among provinces and territories. All this could be brought together and co-ordinated through the umbrella of a national strategy and a lead agency for SME and entrepreneurship policy.
The world economy is facing a number of structural shifts that may dramatically change the outlook for GVCs in the coming years. By describing how these shifts will likely evolve over the next 10-15 years and calculating their effects on global production and trade, the scenarios in this paper offer new, empirically funded insights on the future of GVCs.
As part of its work to implement the OECD Guidelines for Multinational Enterprises, the OECD produces country reports that examine the role of responsible business conduct in building healthy business environments.
The government of the Lao People’s Democratic Republic, in partnership with the OECD and ASEAN, has undertaken a review of its investment policies as part of an active programme of investment policy reforms with a view to making the country a more attractive destination for investors.
This first OECD Investment Policy Review of Lao PDR uses the OECD Policy Framework for Investment to assess the investment climate in Lao PDR and discusses the challenges and opportunities faced by the Government of Lao PDR in its reform efforts. It includes chapters on trends in foreign investment and trade, the legal framework for investment, regulatory restrictions on foreign investment, corporate governance, investment promotion and facilitation, promoting and enabling responsible business conduct, infrastructure connectivity and the investment framework for green growth.
L’édition 2017 des Principes de l’OCDE applicables en matière de prix de transfert intègre les modifications substantielles apportées en 2016 afin de refléter les changements et clarifications adoptés dans les rapport de 2015 sur les actions 8-10 (Aligner les prix de transfert calculés sur la création de valeur) et l’action 13 (Documentation des prix de transfert et Déclaration pays par pays) du Projet BEPS. Elle comprend également les orientations relatives aux régimes de protection adoptées en 2013 lesquelles reconnaissent que les régimes de protection bien conçus peuvent alléger la charge en matière de conformité fiscale et procurer une sécurité juridique accrue aux contribuables. Enfin, cette édition comporte également des modifications de conformité qui ont été effectuées par ailleurs dans les Principes de l’OCDE applicables en matière de prix de transfert. Les Principes de l’OCDE applicables en matière de prix de transfert ont été approuvés par le Conseil de l’OCDE dans leur version originale en 1995.
Kazakhstan is aware of the importance of innovation for its socio-economic development, including the diversification of its resource-based economy. Since the start of the millennium, Kazakhstan has put in place key components of a modern research and innovation system. This has helped improve scientific output and resulted in some successes in technology commercialisation. Further commitment and effort will be needed to strengthen innovation capabilities and make the most of Kazakhstan‘s advantages. This requires further reforms in order, notably, to strengthen the funding model of universities, intensify and broaden knowledge transfer, improve the governance of the research and innovation system, and increase the effectiveness of innovation incentives and policies, with a focus on implementation and evaluation.
English, PDF, 369kb
What makes the OECD Guidelines for Multinational Enterprises unique? What are National Contact Points? How many cases have been handled by National Contact Points? This document answers some of the most-frequently asked questions relating to the National Contact Points tasked with helping to implement the OECD Guidelines for Multinational Enterprises and promote responsible business conduct.
The OECD Due Diligence Guidance is being used as the basis and benchmark by many industry initiatives created to ensure the responsible sourcing of minerals. To gauge the coherence, effectiveness and credibility of these initiatives, the OECD is commissioning a report assessing the alignment of the industry programmes' standards, and implementation efforts with the OECD Due Diligence Guidance.
English, PDF, 308kb
Governments are the largest consumers in the global marketplace through the acquisition of goods, services and works to carry out their functions and to deliver services to citizens. This note sets a basis for reflection and discussion on the benefits and challenges of integrating RBC standards in public procurement.