This joint OECD and World Bank Group report, presented to G20 Trade Ministers in October 2015, focuses on the challenge of making GVCs more “inclusive” by overcoming participation constraints for SMEs and facilitating access for LIDCs. Results suggest that SME participation in GVCs is mostly taking place through indirect contribution to exports (rather than through direct exports), and that a holistic approach to trade, investment and national and multilateral policy action is needed to create more inclusive GVCs.
The report highlights the importance of ensuring access to ICT networks – in particular broadband – and stimulating innovation – in particular by enhancing the ability of SMEs to manage and protect their intellectual assets. At the same, the report underscores the importance of helping small firms scale up quickly, and to better integrate in GVCs by lowering barriers to the entry, growth and exit of firms. Countries should also avoid favouring incumbents over new firms.
Les Principes de gouvernance d’entreprise du G20 et de l’OCDE aident les responsables de l’action publique à évaluer et améliorer le cadre juridique, réglementaire et institutionnel organisant la gouvernance d’entreprise. Ils contiennent des orientations à l’intention des autorités de place, des investisseurs, des sociétés et autres acteurs apportant une contribution au processus d’élaboration d’un système de gouvernance d’entreprise de qualité. Publiés pour la première fois en 1999, les Principes sont devenus la référence au niveau international dans le domaine de la gouvernance d’entreprise. Ils ont été adoptés comme l’une des normes fondamentales pour la solidité des systèmes financiers du Conseil de stabilité financière, et approuvés par le G20.
L’édition 2015 prend en compte les évolutions survenues tant dans le secteur financier que dans celui des entreprises qui peuvent avoir une influence sur l’efficacité et la pertinence des politiques et pratiques suivies dans le domaine de la gouvernance d’entreprise.
This publication focuses on business dynamics across eight countries (Belgium, Brazil, Canada, Costa Rica, Japan, New Zealand, Norway, United Kingdom) and over time, building upon the evidence collected in the framework of the OECD DynEmp project for 22 countries. It provides new evidence on firms’ heterogeneous responses to shocks (notably the recent financial crisis) in order to evaluate how policies and framework conditions across different firms and countries can foster both employment and productivity growth.
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Promoting responsible business conduct in the financial sector is vital to building a sustainable global economy. This paper will help institutional investors implement the due diligence recommendations of the OECD Guidelines for Multinational Enterprises in order to prevent or address adverse impacts related to human and labour rights, the environment, and corruption in their investment portfolios.
Promoting responsible business conduct in the financial sector is vital to building a sustainable global economy. Although the Guidelines’ due diligence recommendations can help financial institutions, the inherent complexities in the sector create challenges. This paper highlights key considerations for institutional investors in carrying out due diligence that will help to identify and respond to environmental and social risks.
International investment spurs prosperity and economic development in home and recipient countries. Policy coordination helps governments resist protectionist pressures and develop effective policies. The OECD's Freedom of Investment process brings together some 56 governments from around the world to exchange information and experiences on investment policies at regular roundtables.
English, PDF, 2,287kb
This report to the G20 was prepared by the OECD Secretariat at the request of the co-chairs of the G20 International Financial Architecture Working Group as background documentation in support of the Information Workshop on the OECD Code of Liberalisation of Capital Movements held in Paris on 15 February 2017.
English, PDF, 5,312kb
Norway is a high-cost country and as a consequence, the access to competence and innovation is vital to the Norwegian shipbuilding industry’s competitiveness. Norway’s maritime industry thus has to focus on high value-added segments of the market and be knowledge-based. To this end, Norway’s competitive advantage is based on high investment in research and development.
When companies involve stakeholders, such as local communities, in their decision making, it enables them to identify, and account for the impacts of their activities, and contribute to positive social and economic development. To address the challenges raised when engaging with stakeholders, the OECD is preparing a user guide on how to undertake due diligence in engaging with stakeholders for mining, oil and gas enterprises.
The Flemish economy is extremely diversified with a number of value-added industries and a highly skilled workforce. The shift to a green economy will however require specific knowledge, values and attitudes from the Flemish workforce. This report analyses the skills dimension of the transition to a green economy at the local level, with specific reference to emerging needs in the agro-food, construction and chemicals sectors. It also provides recommendations for the development of green skills and occupational profiles at the organisational level, while advising policy makers on the best method of assisting firms to transition to a green economy.