For over 50 years, the Code has provided a balanced framework for countries to progressively remove unnecessary barriers to the movement of capital, while providing flexibility to cope with situations of economic and financial instability. In March 2016, adhering countries adopted terms of reference for a review of the Code with a view to strengthening it and ensuring its continued relevance.
After decades of innovation, satellites now play a discrete but pivotal role in the efficient functioning of modern societies and their economic development. This publication provides the findings from a OECD Space Forum project on the state of innovation in the space sector, with a view to examine how space innovation may impact the larger economy. New analysis and indicators contribute to answering some of the following questions: is the space sector still a driver for innovation in the 21st century? What are the determinants for an innovative space sector? And what are the policy responses to encourage and harness better space-related innovation?
Since the beginning of China’s economic transformation in the early 1970s, investment has been a key driver of China’s growth and has contributed to substantial improvements in living standards. Over three decades of average annual GDP growth of 10%, disposable incomes have soared, lifting hundreds of millions of people out of extreme poverty. The share of the population living in extreme poverty has declined from above 90% in the early 1980s to less than 10% today. However, this growth model is no longer sustainable. Returns on investment have declined, although they are still higher than those of the Asian Tigers. Excess capacity is plaguing several sectors, and negative externalities have been onerous, notably in terms of environmental degradation and income inequality. A key objective of the 13th Five-Year Plan (2016-2020) is therefore to move the economy towards a path of more balanced, sustainable and inclusive growth.
Start-ups are gaining momentum in Latin America. Start-up Latin America 2016: Building an innovative future reviews the dynamics of start-ups and the policies for start-up promotion in four countries in the region – Chile, Colombia, Mexico and Peru. The report reviews the policy mix for start-up promotion and highlights the progress made by each country and future challenges. It identifies good practices in promoting start-ups and lessons learned in Latin America in the design and implementation of policies.
OECD work on consumer product safety is aimed at strengthening information sharing on safety issues across borders.
Ce compendium comprend 20 études de cas issues de programmes publics au sein des pays européens qui soutiennent, avec succès, la création d'entreprises des personnes provenant de groupes défavorisés et sous-représentés dans le secteur de l’entrepreneuriat. Les populations visées par ces programmes comprennent les jeunes, les femmes, les personnes âgées, les chômeurs, les immigrants, les minorités ethniques et les personnes handicapées. Chaque description du programme détaille les activités et les approches du programme, évalue les difficultés rencontrées lors du développement et de la mise en œuvre, et offre des recommandations pour d'autres transferts à d'autres environnements.
Des actions de politique publique au niveau national, régional et local peuvent apporter une contribution importante à la croissance économique et l'inclusion sociale en favorisant la création d'entreprises et l'auto-emploi par les personnes qui, dans un autre contexte, pourraient rester à l’écart des sentiers battus de l’entrepreneuriat. Ce compendium démontre que des approches viables existent et peuvent aider les décideurs politiques à s'inspirer d'autres expériences pour obtenir des résultats à grande échelle.
Programme commun UE-OCDE de soutien aux gouvernements méditerranéens pour attirer des investissements de qualité à l’appui de la création d’emplois du développement local, de la diversi ication économique et de la stabilité.
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Based on the OECD Guidelines for Multinational Enterprises and the chapter on responsible business conduct in the the OECD Policy Framework for Investment, this report provides concise and basic information to investors on the existing responsible business conduct expectations in Georgia. This 2016 edition updates a report first published in 2014.
Responsible business conduct (RBC) is recognised as an important part of the investment climate and is increasingly integrated within public policies aimed at attracting better investment and enhancing sustainable development.
Ukraine’s post-Maidan authorities have embarked upon an ambitious reform programme to improve the country’s framework for investment and strengthen the country as an attractive investment destination. This review, which was prepared in close cooperation with the Ukrainian authorities in response to their 2011 request to adhere to the Declaration on International Investment and Multinational Enterprises (OECD Declaration), analyses the general investment framework as well as recent reform, and shows where further efforts are necessary. It assesses Ukraine’s ability to comply with the principles of openness, transparency and non-discrimination and its policy convergence with international investment standards such as the OECD Declaration. In light of the recently updated OECD Policy Framework for Investment, it also studies other areas such as investment promotion and facilitation, infrastructure development; financial sector development and responsible business conduct practices. In the scarcely two years since a new attempt at economic reforms was launched in earnest, Ukraine has made quite important progress in introducing a modern legal framework for investment. But additional efforts are required in some policy areas to reaffirm Ukraine’s attractiveness for investors.